Here are some links to web-pages which contain material related to the course.
If you find other links that you think should appear here, too, just tell me!

Early history of mathematics:

• The cave of Lascaux. About 30000 year old paintings and drawings. Great website!
• More pictures from Lascaux. Also links.
• Newgrange, Ireland. Built around 3,200 BC.
• Newgrange, Ireland. More pictures.
• Stone Pages. Pictures and descriptions of neolithic stone circles, dolmens, standing stones, cairns, barrows and hillforts in Europe.
• Neolithic Carved Stone Polyhedra. Believed to date to around 2000 BC, found in Scotland.
• Axiomatic systems:
• Euclid's Elements, very fun, with moving diagrams!
• Spinoza's Ethics. You don't believe it, unless you see it.
• Biographies, etc:
• For biographies of mathematicians, this is the best resource on the web, the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive
• Information concering Frege can also be found here.
• Jeff Miller's pages on the earliest known uses of
• ... some of the words of mathematics, and
• ... various mathematical symbols are very interesting.
• A nice explanation of deductive validity using a
• thermos.
• If you're interested in the history of mathematics in general, see
• David Wilkins' pages on the History of Mathematics. It has tons of links!
• What is mathematics, anyway?
• A Gentle Introduction to the Mathematics Subject Classification Scheme
• 2000 Mathematics Subject Classification
• Proofs:
• Keith Lynn's proof that Pi is irrational
• Jim Morey's interactive proof of the Theorem of Pythagoras
• More proofs of the Theorem of Pythagoras
• If you are curious about Descartes' ontological argument for the existence of God (Question 8 in the midterm exam), follow these links: To look for books in the Pittsburgh libraries:
• CMU Libraries
• University of Pittsburgh Libraries
• References:
• The Language of First-Order Logic. The official website of CSLI
• Philosophy section of CMU Library
• For some advice on how to write a paper or how to cope with math axiety, look at: