Yungay, Peru

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Central & South American Geography

Yungay is a town in the Ancash Region in north central Peru, South America.


Yungay is located at 09°08′22″S, 77°44′42″W in the Callejón de Huaylas on Río Santa at an elevation of 2,500 m, 450 km north of Lima, the country's capital. East of the small town there are the mountain ridges of snow-covered Cordillera Blanca, with Huascarán, Peru's highest mountain, no more than 15 km east of Yungay.

Yungay is the capital of Yungay Province, as well as the main town in the Yungay District. Yungay Province has a population of 60,000 ( 2000 estimate). The Province of Yungay occupies part of the Callejón de Huaylas, the Conchucos Valley (Yanama), the coast of Ancash (Quillo) and the Huascarán National Park.


The "Restoration" army, an invading Chilean expedition during the War of the Confederation, defeated the army of the Peru-Bolivian Confederation during the Battle of Yungay on January 20, 1839, marking the dissolution of the short-lived confederacy.

A remarkable event of the history of Peru happened in Yungay, where in the Guitarrero Cave US archeologist Thomas F. Lynch (University of Cornell, USA, 1969) discovered very old cultural vestiges from circa 10,000 BCE, making this place "one of the great testimonies of the origin of agriculture in América".

Ancash Earthquake

On May 31, 1970 a landslide caused by the 1970 Ancash earthquake buried the whole town, killing more than 20,000 persons. Only 400 people survived, most of whom were in the cemetery and stadium at the time of the earthquake, as these zones were the highest in town.

The Peruvian government has forbidden excavation in the area where the old town of Yungay is buried, declaring it a national cemetery.

Retrieved from ""