List of sovereign states

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: General Geography

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This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states.

Criteria for inclusion

This list derives its definition of a sovereign state from Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention from 1933. According to the Convention, a sovereign state should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population, (b) a defined territory, (c) government, and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. The list includes all states that satisfy these criteria and claim independence.

The notes include information on:

  • The reason why a non-de jure state is listed (also listed at the de jure state)
  • The overseas dependencies
  • The federal structures if applicable
  • The autonomous areas inside the territory of the sovereign state

The names are given in English and in the official language(s) of the state.

  • The names in English are the short official names (e.g. Afghanistan) followed by the (long) official name (e.g. The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan).
  • The names in the native languages are the short and official names in the official language(s). If needed, they have been transliterated into Romanized characters, but original scripts (such as Cyrillic or Chinese characters) are included. When possible, the romanization preferred by the country has been used.

The listing of any name in this article is not meant to imply an official position in any naming dispute. Entities considered to be micronations that are internationally not recognized are not included.

There are 201 entities on this list. The breakdown into categories is as follows:

  • 192 United Nations member states
  • One state with general international recognition but not UN membership governed by the Holy See within Rome (a UN permanent observer): the Vatican City.
  • One state, not a UN member since late 1971, recognized by 24 UN members as well as the Holy See, and currently with de facto international relations with most states, the Republic of China, popularly referred to as Taiwan.
  • One state, member of the African Union, recognized by 47 UN members though never itself a UN member, with more than half of its claimed territory under military occupation, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic in Western Sahara.
  • One state, not a UN member, recognised only by Turkey, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
  • Five states, neither UN members nor recognised by any states that are, but sovereign according to article 1 of the Montevideo Convention, Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Somaliland, South Ossetia and Transnistria.

Unlisted are the following states that fail to reach the criteria but which customary international law nonetheless might define as states under the Montevideo Convention:

  • Two states, in free association with New Zealand and represented in most matters by that country: Niue and the Cook Islands.
  • One so-called state, a UN observer member, recognized by 96 other states, but with extraterritorial areas within Rome is the Sovereign Military Order of Malta.
  • One state, never a UN member, recognized by 93 other states, but without any de facto control over its claimed territory, the State of Palestine in the Palestinian territories.
  • One state, never a UN member, only ever briefly recognised by the Republic of Georgia, with all of its claimed territory under military occupation, the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.

Also not listed below are various disputed territories which cannot be justifiably assigned to the latter category, including Jubaland and Puntland (Somalia), Cabinda (Angola), Kosovo (Serbia), Kurdistan (Iraq), Kurdistan (Turkey) and numerous others. For a more inclusive list that includes dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty, see list of countries.

List of states


Flag of Abkhazia Abkhazia
— Republic of Abkhazia  Flag
  • Abkhazian: Apsny / Аҧсны; Respublika Abxazija / Республика Абхазия
  • Russian: Apsny / Апсны; Respublika Abxazija / Республика Абхазия
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan
— Islamic Republic of Afghanistan  Flag
  • Pashto: Afġānistān / افغانستان — Da Afġānistān Islāmī jomhoriyat/ د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت
  • Persian (Dari): Afġānestān / افغانستان — Jamhorīyē Eslāmī-ye Afġānistān/جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان
Flag of Albania Albania
— Republic of Albania  Flag
  • Albanian: Shqipëria — Republika e Shqipërise
Flag of Algeria Algeria
— People's Democratic Republic of Algeria  Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Jazā'ir / الجمهورية الجزائرية — Al-Jumhūrīyah al-Jazā’irīyah ad-Dīmuqrāţīyah ash-Sha’bīyah / الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Flag of Andorra Andorra
— Principality of Andorra  Flag
  • Catalan: Andorra — Principat d’Andorra
Flag of Angola Angola
— Republic of Angola  Flag
  • Portuguese: Angola - República de Angola
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda


  • English: Antigua and Barbuda
Flag of Argentina Argentina

— Argentine Nation orArgentine Republic Flag

  • Spanish: Argentina — Nación Argentina or República Argentina
Flag of Armenia Armenia
— Republic of Armenia  Flag
  • Armenian: Hayastan / Հայաստան — Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun / Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Flag of Australia Australia

— Commonwealth of Australia Flag

  • English: Australia — Commonwealth of Australia
Flag of Austria Austria

— Republic of Austria Flag

  • German: Österreich — Republik Österreich
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan

— Republic of Azerbaijan Flag

  • Azeri: Azərbaycan — Azərbaycan Respublikası


Flag of The Bahamas The Bahamas
— Commonwealth of the Bahamas  Flag of
  • English: The Bahamas — Commonwealth of the Bahamas
Flag of Bahrain Bahrain
— Kingdom of Bahrain  Flag
  • Arabic: al-Barayn / بحرين - Mamlakat al Bahrayn / مملكة البحرين
Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh
 — People's Republic of Bangladesh  Flag
  • Bengali: Banglādeś / বাংলাদেশ — Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh - গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
Flag of Barbados Barbados
  • English: Barbados
Flag of Belarus Belarus
— Republic of Belarus Flag
  • Belarusian: Bjelarúś / Белару́сь — Respublika Biełaruś / Рэспу́бліка Белару́сь
  • Russian: Bjelorússija / Белору́ссия
Flag of Belgium Belgium

— Kingdom of Belgium Flag

  • Dutch: België — Koninkrijk België
  • French: Belgique — Royaume de Belgique
  • German: Belgien — Königreich Belgien
Flag of Belize Belize
  • English: Belize
Flag of Benin Benin
— Republic of Benin  Flag
  • French: Bénin — République du Bénin
Flag of Bhutan Bhutan
— Kingdom of Bhutan  Flag
  • Dzongkha: Druk Yul / འབྲུག་ཡུལ — Druk Gyal Khab
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia
— Republic of Bolivia  Flag
  • Spanish: Bolivia — República de Bolivia
  • Quechua: Bulibiya
  • Aymara: Wuliwya
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina


  • Bosnian: Bosna i Hercegovina
  • Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина
  • Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina
Flag of Botswana Botswana
— Republic of Botswana  Flag
  • Tswana: Botswana — Lefatshe la Botswana
  • English: Botswana — Republic of Botswana
Flag of Brazil Brazil

— Federative Republic of Brazil Flag

  • Portuguese: Brasil — República Federativa do Brasil
Flag of Brunei Brunei
— State of Brunei Darussalam  Flag
  • Malay: Brunei Darussalam — Negara Brunei Darussalam
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
— Republic of Bulgaria  Flag
  • Bulgarian: Bălgarija / България - Republika Bălgarija / Република България
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso
  • French: Burkina Faso
Flag of Burundi Burundi
— Republic of Burundi  Flag
  • Kirundi: Uburundi — Republika y'Uburundi
  • French: Burundi — République du Burundi


Flag of Cambodia Cambodia
— Kingdom of Cambodia  Flag
  • Cambodian: Kampuchea / កម្ពុជា — Preah Reachea Nachakr Kampuchea / ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រ កម្ពុជា
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon
— Republic of Cameroon  Flag
  • French: Cameroun — République du Cameroun
  • English: Cameroon — Republic of Cameroon
Flag of Canada Canada

— Canada Flag

  • English: Canada
  • French: Canada
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde
— Republic of Cape Verde  Flag
  • Portuguese: Cabo Verde — República de Cabo Verde
Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic
— Central African Republic  Flag of
  • French: République Centrafricaine
  • Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka
Flag of Chad Chad
— Republic of Chad  Flag
  • French: Tchad — République du Tchad
  • Arabic: Tašād / تشاد — Jumhuriyat Tašād /جمهوريّة تشاد
Flag of Chile Chile
— Republic of Chile  Flag
  • Spanish: Chile — República de Chile
People's Republic of China People's Republic of China Flag
  • Chinese: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó / 中华人民共和国
Flag of Republic of China Republic of China
  • Chinese: JhongHuá MínGuó / 中華民國
Flag of Colombia Colombia
— Republic of Colombia  Flag
  • Spanish: Colombia - República de Colombia
Flag of Comoros Comoros
 — Union of the Comoros  Flag
  • French: Comores — Union des Comores
  • Comorian: Komori — Udzima wa Komori
  • Arabic: Qumur / قمر — الاتحاد القمر

Congo — Republic of the Congo Flag of

  • French: Congo — République du Congo

Congo — Democratic Republic of the Congo Flag of

  • French: Congo — République Démocratique du Congo
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica
— Republic of Costa Rica  Flag
  • Spanish: Costa Rica — República de Costa Rica
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Côte d'Ivoire

— Republic of Côte d'Ivoire Flag of

  • French: Côte d'Ivoire — République de Côte d'Ivoire
Flag of Croatia Croatia
— Republic of Croatia  Flag
  • Croatian: Hrvatska — Republika Hrvatska
Flag of Cuba Cuba
— Republic of Cuba  Flag
  • Spanish: Cuba — República de Cuba
Flag of Cyprus Cyprus
— Republic of Cyprus  Flag
  • Greek: Kypros / Κυπρος — Kypriaki Dimokratia / Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία
  • Turkish: Kıbrıs — Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Flag
  • Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti
Flag of Czech Republic Czech Republic

, or Czechia — Czech Republic Flag

  • Czech: Česko — Česká republika


Flag of Denmark Denmark

2 — Kingdom of Denmark Flag

  • Danish: Danmark — Kongeriget Danmark
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti
— Republic of Djibouti  Flag
  • French:: Djibouti — République de Djibouti
  • Arabic: Jibuti / جيبوتي — Jumhuriyaa Jibuti / جمهورية جيبوتي
Flag of Dominica Dominica
— Commonwealth of Dominica  Flag
  • English: Dominica — Commonwealth of Dominica
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
 Flag of
  • Spanish: República Dominicana


East Timor — Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Flag

  • Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e — Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
  • Portuguese: Timor-Leste — República Democrática de Timor-Leste
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador
— Republic of Ecuador  Flag
  • Spanish: Ecuador — República del Ecuador
Flag of Egypt Egypt
— Arab Republic of Egypt  Flag
  • Arabic: Mişr / مصر — Jumhuriyat Mişr al-Arabiyah / جمهوريّة مصرالعربيّة
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador
— Republic of El Salvador  Flag
  • Spanish: El Salvador — República de El Salvador
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
— Republic of Equatorial Guinea  Flag
  • Spanish: Guinea Ecuatorial — Républica de Guinea Ecuatorial
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea
— State of Eritrea  Flag
  • Tigrinya: Ertra / ኤርትራ — Hagere Ertra / ሃግሬ ኤርትራ
  • Arabic: Irītriyā / إريتريا
Flag of Estonia Estonia
— Republic of Estonia  Flag
  • Estonian: Eesti — Eesti Vabariik
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia

— Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Flag

  • Amharic: Ityop'iya / ኢትዮጵያ — Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik / የኢትዮጵያ ፈደራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ


Flag of Fiji Fiji

— Republic of the Fiji Islands Flag

  • English: Fiji — Republic of the Fiji Islands
  • Fijian: Viti — Matanitu Tu-Vaka-i-koya ko Viti
Flag of Finland Finland

— Republic of Finland Flag

  • Finnish: Suomi — Suomen tasavalta
  • Swedish: Finland — Republiken Finland
Flag of France France

— French Republic Flag

  • French: France — République Française


Flag of Gabon Gabon
— Gabonese Republic  Flag
  • French: Gabon — République Gabonaise
Flag of The Gambia Gambia
— Republic of The Gambia  Flag
  • English: The Gambia — Republic of the Gambia
Flag of Georgia (country) Georgia


  • Georgian: Sak’art’velo / საქართველო
Flag of Germany Germany

— Federal Republic of Germany Flag

  • German: Deutschland — Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Flag of Ghana Ghana
— Republic of Ghana  Flag
  • English: Ghana — Republic of Ghana
Flag of Greece Greece

— Hellenic Republic Flag

  • Greek:Ellás / Ελλάδα — Ellinikí Dimokratía / Ελληνική Δημοκρατία
Flag of Grenada Grenada


  • English: Grenada
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala
— Republic of Guatemala  Flag
  • Spanish: Guatemala — República de Guatemala
Flag of Guinea Guinea
— Republic of Guinea  Flag
  • French: Guinée — République de Guinée
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau
— Republic of Guinea-Bissau  Flag
  • Portuguese: Guiné-Bissau — Repùblica da Guiné-Bissau
Flag of Guyana Guyana
— Co-operative Republic of Guyana  Flag
  • English: Guyana — Co-operative Republic of Guyana


Flag of Haiti Haiti
— Republic of Haiti  Flag
  • French: Haïti — République d'Haïti
  • Haitian Creole: Ayiti — Repiblik Dayiti
Flag of Honduras Honduras
— Republic of Honduras  Flag
  • Spanish: Honduras — República de Honduras
Flag of Hungary Hungary
— Republic of Hungary  Flag
  • Hungarian: Magyarország — Magyar Köztársaság


Flag of Iceland Iceland
— Republic of Iceland  Flag
  • Icelandic: Ísland — Lýðveldið Ísland
Flag of India India

— Republic of India Flag

  • Hindi: Bhārat / भारत — Bhārat Ganarājya / भारत गणराज्य
  • English: India — Republic of India
Flag of Indonesia Indonesia
— Republic of Indonesia  Flag
  • Indonesian: Indonesia — Republik Indonesia
Flag of Iran Iran
— Islamic Republic of Iran  Flag
  • Persian: Īrān / ایران — Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Īrān / جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Flag of Iraq Iraq
— Republic of Iraq  Flag
  • Arabic: Al-ʿĪrāq / العراق — Al-Jumhuriyah Al-Iraqiyah / الجمهورية العراقية
  • Kurdish: ʿIraq / عیراق — Komara Iraqê / عیراق

Ireland — Republic of Ireland Flag

  • Irish: Éire - Poblacht na hÉireann
  • English: Ireland - Republic of Ireland
Flag of Israel Israel
— State of Israel  Flag
  • Hebrew: Yisra'el / ישראל — Medinat Yisra'el / מדינת ישראל
  • Arabic: Isra'il / اسرائيل — Daulat Isra'il / دولة اسرائيل
Flag of Italy Italy
— Italian Republic  Flag
  • Italian: Italia — Repubblica Italiana


Flag of Jamaica Jamaica
  • English: Jamaica
Flag of Japan Japan
  • Japanese: Nihon / 日本 — Nihon-koku / 日本国
Flag of Jordan Jordan
— Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan  Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Urdun / الاردن — Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyah / المملكة الأردنّيّة الهاشميّة


Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
— Republic of Kazakhstan  Flag
  • Kazakh: Qazaqstan / Қазақстан — Qazaqstan Respūblīkasy / Қазақстан Республикасы
  • Russian: Kazachstan / Казахстан — Respublika Kazachstan / Республика Казахстан
Flag of Kenya Kenya
— Republic of Kenya  Flag
  • English: Kenya — Republic of Kenya
  • Swahili: Kenya — Jamhuri ya Kenya
Flag of Kiribati Kiribati
— Republic of Kiribati  Flag
  • Kiribati: Kiribati — Ribaberikin Kiribati
  • English: Kiribati — Republic of Kiribati

North Korea — Democratic People's Republic of Korea Flag

  • Korean: Chosŏn / 조선 — Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk / 조선민주주의인민공화국

South Korea — Republic of Korea Flag

  • Korean: Hanguk / 한국 — Daehan Minguk / 대한민국
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait
— State of Kuwait  Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Kuwayt / الكويت — Dawlat al Kuwayt / دولة الكويت
Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
— Kyrgyz Republic  Flag
  • Kyrgyz: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан — Kyrgyz Respublikasy / Кыргыз Республикасы
  • Russian: Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан — Kyrgyzskaya respublika - Кыргызская республика


Flag of Laos Laos
— Lao People's Democratic Republic  Flag
  • Laotian: Lao / ນລາວ — Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao / ສາທາລະນະລັດປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
Flag of Latvia Latvia
— Republic of Latvia  Flag
  • Latvian: Latvija — Latvijas Republika
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon
— Republic of Lebanon  Flag
  • Arabic: Lubnān / لبنان — Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah / الجمهوريّة البنانيّة
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho
— Kingdom of Lesotho  Flag
  • English: Lesotho — Kingdom of Lesotho
  • Sotho: Lesotho — Mmuso wa Lesotho
Flag of Liberia Liberia
— Republic of Liberia  Flag
  • English: Liberia — Republic of Liberia
Flag of Libya Libya
— Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya  Flag
  • Arabic: Lībiyah / ليبية — al-Jamāhīrīyah al-‘Arabīya al-Lībīyah ash-Sha‘bīyah al-Ishtirākīyah al-Uzma / الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein
— Principality of Liechtenstein  Flag
  • German: Liechtenstein — Fürstentum Liechtenstein
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania
— Republic of Lithuania  Flag
  • Lithuanian: Lietuva — Lietuvos Respublika
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg
— Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg  Flag
  • Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg — Groussherzogdem Lëtzebuerg
  • French: Luxembourg — Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
  • German: Luxemburg — Großherzogtum Luxemburg


Macedonia — Republic of Macedonia Flag

  • Macedonian: Makedonija / Македонија — Republika Makedonija / Република Македонија
Flag of Madagascar Madagascar
— Republic of Madagascar  Flag
  • Malagasy: Madagasikara — Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
  • French: Madagascar — Republique de Madagascar
Flag of Malawi Malawi
— Republic of Malawi  Flag
  • English: Malawi — Republic of Malawi
  • Chewa: Malaŵi — Mfuko la Malaŵi
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia


  • Malay: Malaysia
Flag of Maldives Maldives
— Republic of Maldives  Flag
  • Divehi: Divehi Rājje / ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު — Divehi Rājje ge Jumhuriyyā / ހިވެދި ގުޖޭއްރާ ޔާއްރިހޫމްޖު
Flag of Mali Mali
— Republic of Mali  Flag
  • French: Mali — République de Mali
Flag of Malta Malta
— Republic of Malta  Flag
  • Maltese: Malta — Repubblika ta' Malta
Flag of Marshall Islands Marshall Islands
— Republic of the Marshall Islands  Flag of
  • English: Marshall Islands — Republic of the Marshall Islands
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania
— Islamic Republic of Mauritania  Flag
  • Arabic: Mūrītāniyyah / موريتانية — Al-Jumhuriyah al-Islamiyah al-Mūrītāniyah / الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية
  • French: Mauritanie — République Islamique de la Mauritanie
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius
— Republic of Mauritius  Flag
  • English: Mauritius — Republic of Mauritius
  • French: Maurice — République de Maurice
Flag of Mexico Mexico

— United Mexican States Flag

  • Spanish: México — Estados Unidos Mexicanos
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia Micronesia

— Federated States of Micronesia Flag

  • English: Micronesia — Federates States of Micronesia
Flag of Moldova Moldova

— Republic of Moldova Flag

  • Romanian/Moldovan: Moldova — Republica Moldova
Flag of Monaco Monaco
— Principality of Monaco  Flag
  • French: Monaco — Principauté de Monaco
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia
 Flag — Republic of Mongolia 

  • Mongolian: Mongol Uls / Монгол Улс
Flag of Montenegro Montenegro
— Republic of Montenegro   Flag 
  • Serbian: Crna Gora / Црна Гора — Republika Crna Gora / Република Црна Гора
Flag of Morocco Morocco
— Kingdom of Morocco  Flag
  • Arabic: al-Maġrib / مغرب — Al Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah / المملكة المغربية
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique
— Republic of Mozambique  Flag
  • Portuguese: Moçambique — República de Moçambique
Flag of Myanmar Myanmar

— Union of Myanmar Flag

  • Burmese: Myanma / ဴမန္မာ — Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw / ဴပည္ေထာင္စုဴမန္မာနုိင္ငံေတာ္


Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh
— Republic of Nagorno Karabakh  Flag
  • Armenian: Leṙnalin Ġarabaġ / Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ — Leṙnayin Ġarabaġ Hanrapetowt‘youn / Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն
Flag of Namibia Namibia
— Republic of Namibia  Flag
  • English: Namibia — Republic of Namibia
Flag of Nauru Nauru
— Republic of Nauru  Flag
  • Nauruan: Naoero — Republik Naoero
  • English: Nauru — Republic of Nauru
Flag of Nepal Nepal
— State of Nepal  Flag
  • Nepali: Nepāl / नेपाल — Nepāl Rājya / नेपाल राज्य
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands

— Kingdom of the Netherlands Flag

  • Dutch: Nederland — Koninkrijk der Nederlanden
  • Frisian : Nederlân — Keninkryk fan Nederlân
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand


  • English: New Zealand or Aotearoa
  • Maori: Aotearoa, Niu Tireni or Nu Tirani
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua
— Republic of Nicaragua  Flag
  • Spanish: Nicaragua — República de Nicaragua
Flag of Niger Niger
— Republic of Niger  Flag
  • French: Niger — République du Niger
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria

— Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag

  • English: Nigeria — Federal Republic of Nigeria
Flag of Norway Norway

— Kingdom of Norway Flag

  • Norwegian (bokmål): Norge — Kongeriket Norge
  • Norwegian (nynorsk): Noreg — Kongeriket Noreg


Flag of Oman Oman
— Sultanate of Oman  Flag
  • Arabic: ʿUmmān / عمان — Saltanat Uman / سلطنة عُمان


Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
— Islamic Republic of Pakistan  Flag
  • Urdu: Pākistān / پاکستان — Islami Jamhuria Pākistān / اسلامی جمہوریت پاکستان
Flag of Palau Palau
— Republic of Palau  Flag
  • Palauan: Belau — Beluu er a Belau
  • English: Palau — Republic of Palau
Flag of Panama Panama
— Republic of Panama  Flag
  • Spanish: Panamá — República de Panamá
Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea
— Independent State of Papua New Guinea  Flag
  • English: Papua New Guinea — Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay
— Republic of Paraguay  Flag
  • Spanish: Paraguay — República del Paraguay
  • Guarani: Paraguái — Têta Paraguái
Flag of Peru Peru
— Republic of Peru  Flag
  • Spanish: Perú — República del Perú
Flag of Philippines Philippines

— Republic of the Philippines Flag of

  • Filipino: Pilipinas — Republika ng Pilipinas
Flag of Poland Poland
— Republic of Poland  Flag
  • Polish: Polska — Rzeczpospolita Polska
Flag of Portugal Portugal

— Portuguese Republic Flag

  • Portuguese: Portugal — República Portuguesa


Flag of Qatar Qatar
— State of Qatar  Flag
  • Arabic: Qaar / قطر — Dawlat Qatar / دولة قطر


Flag of Romania Romania


  • Romanian: România
Flag of Russia Russia

— Russian Federation Flag

  • Russian: Rossija / Россия — Rossijskaja Federacija / Российская Федерация
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda
— Republic of Rwanda  Flag
  • Rwandese: Rwanda — Repubulika y'u Rwanda
  • French: Rwanda — République du Rwanda
  • English: Rwanda — Republic of Rwanda


Flag of Western Sahara Western Sahara
— Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic  Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Jumhūrīyya al-`Arabīyya as-Saharāwīyya ad-Dīmuqrātīyya / الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis

— Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Flag

  • English: Saint Kitts and Nevis — Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia


  • English: Saint Lucia
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines


  • English: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag of Samoa Samoa
— Independent State of Samoa  Flag
  • English: Samoa — Independent State of Samoa
  • Samoan: Samoa — Malo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa
Flag of San Marino San Marino
— Most Serene Republic of San Marino  Flag
  • Italian: San Marino — Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe

— Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe Flag

  • Portuguese: São Tomé e Príncipe - República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
— Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  Flag
  • Arabic: Al-ʿArabiyyah as-Saʿūdiyyah / العربية السعودية — Al-Mamlakah al-'Arabiyah as-Sa'udiyah / المملكة العربيّة السّعوديّة
Flag of Senegal Senegal
— Republic of Senegal  Flag
  • French: Sénégal — République du Sénégal
Flag of Serbia Serbia

— Republic of Serbia Flag

  • Serbian: Srbija / Србија — Republika Srbija / Република Србија
Flag of Seychelles Seychelles
— Republic of Seychelles  Flag of
  • English: Seychelles — Republic of Seychelles
  • French: Seychelles — République des Seychelles
  • Seselwa: Sesel — Repiblik Sesel
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone
— Republic of Sierra Leone  Flag
  • English: Sierra Leone — Republic of Sierra Leone
Flag of Singapore Singapore
— Republic of Singapore  Flag
  • Malay: Singapura — Republik Singapura
  • Chinese: Xinjiapo / 新加坡 — Xīnjīapō Gònghéguó / 新加坡共和国
  • Tamil: Čiṅkappūr / சிங்கப்பூர் — Cingkappūr Kudiyarasu / சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு
  • English: Singapore — Republic of Singapore
Flag of Slovakia Slovakia
— Slovak Republic  Flag
  • Slovak: Slovensko — Slovenská republika
Flag of Slovenia Slovenia
— Republic of Slovenia  Flag
  • Slovenian: Slovenija — Republika Slovenija
Flag of Solomon Islands Solomon Islands

Flag of

  • English: Solomon Islands
Flag of Somalia Somalia


  • Somalian: Soomaaliya
Somaliland — Republic of Somaliland Flag
  • Somali: Soomaaliland — Jamhuriyatha Soomaaliland
  • Arabic: ʾrḍ ʾˈalṣwmʾl / ارض الصومال — ǧmhwryẗ ʾrḍ ʾˈalṣwmʾl / جمهورية ارض الصومال
Flag of South Africa South Africa
— Republic of South Africa Flag
  • Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika — Republiek van Suid-Afrika
  • English: South Africa — Republic of South Africa
  • Xhosa: Mzantsi Afrika — IRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika
  • Zulu: Ningizimu Afrika — IRiphabliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
Flag of South Ossetia South Ossetia
— Republic of South Ossetia  Flag
  • Ossetian: Xussar Iryston / Хуссар Ирыстон — Respublikæ Xussar Iryston / Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон
  • Russian: Južnaja Osetija / Южная Осетия — Respublika Južnaja Osetija / Республика Южная Осетия
  • Georgian: Samkhret Oseti / სამხრეთ ოსეთი — Samkhret Osetis Respublika / სამხრეთ ოსეთის რესპუბლიკა
Flag of Spain Spain

— Kingdom of Spain Flag

  • Spanish: España — Reino de España
  • Basque: Espainia — Espainiako Erresuma
  • Catalan: Espanya — Regne d'Espanya
  • Galician: España — Reino de España
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
— Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka  Flag
  • Sinhala: Sri Lanka — Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya
  • Tamil: Llankai / இலங்கை — Illankai Chananaayaka Chosalisa Kudiyarasu
Flag of Sudan Sudan
— Republic of the Sudan  Flag
  • Arabic: As-Sūdān / السودان — Jumhuriyat as-Sudan / جمهورية السودان
Flag of Suriname Suriname
— Republic of Suriname  Flag
  • Dutch: Suriname — Republiek Suriname
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland
— Kingdom of Swaziland  Flag
  • English: Swaziland — Kingdom of Swaziland
  • Swazi: eSwatini — Umbuso weSwatini
Flag of Sweden Sweden
— Kingdom of Sweden  Flag
  • Swedish: Sverige — Konungariket Sverige
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland

— Swiss Confederation Flag

  • German: Schweiz — Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft
  • French: Suisse — Confédération suisse
  • Italian: Svizzera — Confederazione Svizzera
  • Raeto-Romance: Svizra — Confederaziun Svizra
Flag of Syria Syria
— Syrian Arab Republic  Flag
  • Arabic: Sūriyyah / سورية — Al-Jumhuriyah al-'Arabiyah al-Suriyah / الجمهوريّة العربيّة السّوريّة


For the state that is commonly referred to as "Taiwan," please see the Republic of China
Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan

— Republic of Tajikistan Flag

  • Persian (Tajiki-Persian): Tojikistan / Тоҷикистон — Jumhurii Tojikiston / Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон
Flag of Tanzania Tanzania
— United Republic of Tanzania  Flag
  • Swahili: Tanzania — Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Flag of Thailand Thailand
— Kingdom of Thailand  Flag
  • Thai: Prathēt Thai / ประเทศไทย — Rātcha Anāchak Thai / ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Flag of Togo Togo
— Togolese Republic  Flag
  • French: Togo — République Togolaise
Flag of Tonga Tonga
— Kingdom of Tonga  Flag
  • Tongan: Tonga — Pule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga
  • English: Tonga — Kingdom of Tonga
Flag of Transnistria Transnistria
— Trans-Dniestr Moldovan Republic  Flag
  • Moldovan: Pridnestrov'e / Приднестровье — Republika Moldovenjaskè Nistrjanè / Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ
  • Russian: Pridnestrov'e / Приднестровье — Pridnestrovskaja Moldavskaja Respublika / Приднестровская Молдавская Республика
  • Ukrainian: Prydnistrov″ja / Придністров'я — Prydnistrovs'ka Moldavs'ka Respublika / Придністровська Молдавська Республіка
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago

— Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Flag

  • English: Trinidad and Tobago — Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia
— Republic of Tunisia  Flag
  • Arabic: Tūnis / تونس — Al Jumhuriyya at-Tūsiyya / الجمهرية التونسية
Flag of Turkey Turkey
— Republic of Turkey  Flag
  • Turkish: Türkiye — Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan


  • Turkmen: Türkmenistan
Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu


  • Tuvaluan: Tuvalu
  • English: Tuvalu


Flag of Uganda Uganda
— Republic of Uganda  Flag
  • English: Uganda — Republic of Uganda
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine

Flag of

  • Ukrainian: Ukrajina / Україна
  • Russian: Ukrajina / Украина
Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates

Flag of

  • Arabic: Al-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah / الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom

— United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Flag of

  • English: United Kingdom — United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Welsh: Y Deyrnas Unedig — Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon
  • Scottish Gaelic: An Rìoghachd Aonaichte — An Rìoghachd Aonaichte na Breatainn Mhòr agus Eirinn a Tuath
  • Irish: An Ríocht Aontaithe — Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Tuaisceart na hÉireann
Flag of United States United States

— United States of America Flag of

  • English: United States — United States of America
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay
— Eastern Republic of Uruguay  Flag
  • Spanish: Uruguay — República Oriental del Uruguay
Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan

— Republic of Uzbekistan Flag

  • Uzbek: O'zbekiston — O‘zbekiston Respublikasi


Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu
— Republic of Vanuatu  Flag
  • Bislama: Vanuatu — Ripablik blong Vanuatu
  • English: Vanuatu — Republic of Vanuatu
  • French: Vanuatu — République du Vanuatu
Flag of Vatican City Vatican City
— State of the Vatican City  Flag of
  • Latin: Civitas Vaticana — Status Civitatis Vaticanæ
  • Italian: Città del Vaticano — Stato della Città del Vaticano
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela

— Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Flag

  • Spanish: Venezuela — República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam
— Socialist Republic of Vietnam  Flag
  • Vietnamese: Việt Nam — Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam


Flag of Yemen Yemen
— Republic of Yemen  Flag
  • Arabic: Al-Yaman / اليمن — Al-Jumhuriyah al-Yamaniyah / الجمهوريّة اليمنية


Flag of Zambia Zambia
— Republic of Zambia  Flag
  • English: Zambia — Republic of Zambia
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe
— Republic of Zimbabwe  Flag
  • English: Zimbabwe — Republic of Zimbabwe

Other listings

National flags National coats of arms
Flags of sovereign states Coats of arms of sovereign states
Flags of dependent territories Coats of arms of dependent territories
Flags of unrecognized states Coats of arms of unrecognized states
Flags of micronations Coats of arms of micronations
Flags of formerly independent states
  • Gallery of sovereign state flags
  • List of National Days
  • of countries
  • sovereign states by year
  • of unrecognized countries
  • of autonomous areas by country
  • of dependent territories
  • disputed or occupied areas
  • of active autonomist and secessionist movements
  • of imaginary countries
  • of micronations
  • of former countries
  • by area
  • by capital city
  • by continent
  • by gross domestic product
  • of island countries
  • by date of independence
  • by population
  • by population density
  • by time zone
  • by highest point
  • by number of active troops

For more sources, see Geographic references.

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