2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Railway transport

Janesville & Southeastern #52 at the National Railroad Museum
Power type Diesel
Builder General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)
Model BL2
Total production 58
AAR wheel arr. B-B
Gauge ft 812  in (1435  mm)
Prime mover EMD 567B
Power output 1,500  hp (1,100 kW)
Tractive effort 56,200 lbf (250 kN)
Locale eastern and midwestern United States

The EMD BL2 is a four-axle B-B road switcher built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD). Often considered the " Ugly Duckling" of diesel offerings from EMD, the BL2 set the stage for the company's widely successful GP series of locomotives.


EMD's diesel program was well underway in the late 1940s and early 1950s, thanks to the success of the company's FT demonstrations across the country. While the F-units in production were great for moving trains over the railroad, their full-width carbody made it difficult for locomotive crews to see to the rear of the locomotive. The F-units also lacked anywhere for a brakeman or switchman to stand and ride short distances while performing switching duties. The F-units did have grab irons and stirrup steps, but these features didn't do any good in tight clearances.

Since the engine inside the locomotive's hood didn't take up the full carbody width, it seemed only logical that the hood could be "cut away" a bit to allow the crew to see and ride safely. This wasn't an entirely new idea either, as the Pennsylvania Railroad's GG1 fleet, which featured large cutout sections in its hoods, had been in service since 1934.

Another problem facing EMD was that ALCO was making inroads into a market that EMD would have liked to keep to themselves; ALCO's RS series switchers were starting to take over many of the tasks that EMD wanted to fulfill with their own locomotives.

EMD's designers and engineers set to work and came up with the carbody reminiscent of the GG1 with mechanics that contained the technical knowledge they had learned with the company's F-unit series. Starting from an F3, the product of their efforts became the BL1 demonstrator. The BL in the locomotive's model name officially stood for "Branch Line", indicating that EMD felt the locomotive was best suited for light traffic and frequent switching chores.

The BL1 and BL2 differed only in mechanical details, and only one BL1 was built. 58 more BL2s were built and sold to a few railroads, primarily in the eastern and midwestern United States.

This model of locomotive was sold for both freight and passenger service and the locomotive's intended purpose could be easily identified by the presence or absence of an exhaust stack between the two windshield panes. This exhaust stack was for the steam generator on passenger service units.

Limiting the locomotives success were several mechanical and ergonomic features. The mechanical components within the engine compartment were difficult to access and maintain, reducing its appeal among railroad shop crews. The locomotive's carbody lacked the full-length walkways of subsequent GP diesels, making it difficult for the brakeman or switchman to move from one point on the locomotive to another during switching operations. Finally, although the industrial designers at EMD tried to build a carbody that evoked high-class passenger trains while retaining the utilitarianism of railroad work, the visual design never quite caught on. However, even though the BL2 didn't succeed very well, EMD's engineers learned quite a bit from the endeavor and incorporated all of the good ideas from it into the company's widely successful GP series of locomotives.


The initial purchasers of the BL2 were these railroads (in serial number order):

Serial numbers Railroad Road numbers Quantity
4449–4452 Monon 30-33 4
4724–4729 Chesapeake and Ohio¹ 80-85 6
5243–5244 Monon 34-35 2
5259–5262 Boston and Maine 1550-1553 4
5451–5458 Missouri Pacific 4104-4111 8
5528–5533 Florida East Coast 601-606 6
5921–5922 Western Maryland Railway 81-82 2
6013–6013 Chicago and Eastern Illinois 1600–1601 2
6134–6138 Rock Island 425-429 5
6275–6281 Chesapeake and Ohio 1840-1846 7
7428 Chicago and Eastern Illinois² 1602 1
8161–8166 Bangor and Aroostook 550–555 (later 50–55) 6
8420–8422 Monon 36-38 3
8616–8617 Bangor and Aroostook 556–557 (later 56–57) 2
Total 9 railroads 59 engines
¹ The C&O locomotives were actually ordered by the Pere Marquette Railroad (PM), but weren't delivered until the PM became a part of the C&O.
² C&EI 1602 was previously EMD BL1 demonstator number 499.


The following BL2s have been preserved:

  • s/n 4451; Monon #32; Kentucky Railway Museum .
  • s/n 5921; Western Maryland Railroad #81; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Museum , Baltimore, Maryland.
  • s/n 5922; Western Maryland Railroad #82; West Virginia Central .
  • s/n 8163; Janesville & Southeastern #52, ex- Bangor and Aroostook #52; nee-Bangor and Aroostook #552 National Railroad Museum , Green Bay, Wisconsin.
  • s/n 8165; Bangor and Aroostook #54; Lackawaxen and Stourbridge Railroad , Honesdale, Pennsylvania.
  • s/n 8616; Bangor and Aroostook #56; Janesville, Wisconsin.
  • s/n 8617; Bangor and Aroostook #57; Cole Transportation Museum , Bangor, Maine.
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