Animal law

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Animal & Human Rights

Animal rights

Greg Avery · David Barbarash
Rod Coronado · Barry Horne
Ronnie Lee · Keith Mann
Ingrid Newkirk · Andrew Tyler
Jerry Vlasak · Robin Webb

Animal Aid
Animal Liberation Front
Animal liberation movement
Animal Rights Militia
BUAV · Great Ape Project
Justice Department
Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty

Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act
Animal rights
Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986
Animal testing · Bile bear
Factory farming
Great Ape research ban
International trade in primates
Non-human primate experiments
Operation Backfire

Cambridge University primates
Covance · Huntingdon Life Sciences
Pit of despair · Silver Spring monkeys
Unnecessary Fuss

Steven Best · Stephen R.L. Clark
Gary Francione · Gill Langley
Tom Regan · Richard D. Ryder
Peter Singer · Steven M. Wise

Animal experimentation
Animal Liberation Front
Animal rights movement
Animal rights

Animal law is a combination of statutory and case law in which the nature – legal, social or biological – of nonhuman animals is an important factor. Animal law encompasses companion animals, wildlife, animals used in entertainment and animals raised for food and research. The emerging field of animal law is often analogized to the environmental law movement 30 years ago. The Animal Legal Defense Fund was founded by attorney Joyce Tischler in 1979 as the first organization dedicated to promoting the field of animal law and using the law to protect the lives and defend the interests of animals.

Currently, animal law is being taught at 69 law schools in the U.S., including Harvard, Stanford, UCLA, Northwestern, University of Michigan and Duke. A growing number of state and local bar associations now have animal law committees.

Animal law issues encompass a broad spectrum of approaches—from philosophical explorations of the rights of animals to pragmatic discussions about the rights of those who use animals, who has standing to sue when an animal is harmed in a way that violates the law, and what constitutes legal cruelty. Animal law permeates and affects most traditional areas of the law – including tort, contract, criminal and constitutional law. Examples of this intersection include:

  • Animal custody disputes in divorce or separations.
  • Veterinary malpractice cases.
  • Housing disputes involving “no pets” policies and discrimination laws.
  • Damages cases involving the wrongful death or injury to a companion animal.
  • Enforceable trusts for companion being adopted by states across the country.
  • Criminal law encompassing domestic violence and anti-cruelty laws.

The comprehensive animal law casebook is Animal Law: Cases and Materials, Third Edition, co-authored by Sonia S. Waisman, Bruce A. Wagman, and Pamela D. Frasch. Because animal law is not a traditional legal field, most of the book’s chapters are framed in terms of familiar subsets of law such as tort, contract, criminal and constitutional law. Each chapter sets out cases and commentary where animal law affects those broader areas.

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