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World map of human migrations, with the North Pole at centre. Africa, harboring the start of the migration, is at the top left and South America at the far right.

Map of human races migration, according to the mitochondrial DNA. Number represent thousand years before present time (time units used with Radiocarbon dating. The blue line represents area covered in ice or tundra during the last great ice age. Numbers represent thousand of years before present The letters are the mitochondrial DNA haplogroups (pure motherly lineages); Haplogroups can be used to define genetic populations and are often geographically orientated.

For example, the following are common divisions for mtDNA haplogroups:

  • African: L, L1, L2, L3, L3
  • Near Eastern: J, N
  • Southern European: J, K
  • General European: H, V
  • Northern European: T, U, X
  • Asian: A, B, C, D, E, F, G (note: M is composed of C, D, E, and G)
  • Native American: A, B, C, D, and sometimes X

Data derivation

region that was covered by ice or tundra in the last ice age

All migration data based on mitomap. Geographic data from

and adding the following data we get this interesting result

I ignored all data I could not understand (for example the +/- and the letters). If someone explains to me what that was and why this is important I´ll be glad to add them.

The letters are the haplogroups; the +/- refer to mtDNA polymorphisms at two locations. Noisy | Talk 10:59, August 6, 2005 (UTC)

This could be a kind of timeline of image versions:

double license:

GNU head Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled " GNU Free Documentation License".

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The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed):
  • Race
  • Recent single-origin hypothesis
  • History of the world
  • Talk:Human migration
  • User:Avsa
  • Human
  • User talk:Truthteller
  • Wikipedia:Reference desk archive/July 2005 II
  • Genealogical DNA test
  • User talk:Brian0918/Archive 07
  • Haplogroup
  • Talk:Human/Archive 16
  • Human mitochondrial DNA haplogroups
  • User:Goethean/Homo sapiens
  • User:Goethean/Human7
  • Human genetic variation
  • User:RebekahThorn
  • User:Goethean/Human8
  • African people
  • Talk:Black people/Archive 11
  • Historical migration
  • Prehistoric Iberia