McGill University - School of Computer Science

Algorithms Seminar 2004

Everybody is welcome!

DATE: Wednesday, March 17th 2004.
TIME: 4:30 PM - 5:30 PM
PLACE: McConnel 320
TITLE: Rank Bounds and Integrality Gaps for Cutting Planes Procedures
SPEAKER: Josh Buresh-Oppenheim, University of Toronto

Cutting planes procedures are techniques for solving, or approximating the solutions to, integer linear programs. As such, they are used in practice to attack NP-hard optimization problems. They can also be used to prove the unsatisfiability of CNF formulas. The most common examples of such procedures, those defined by Gomory and Chvatal and by Lovasz and Schrijver, are applied in rounds. For a given input, the number of rounds needed to solve the integer linear program, or to prove that the CNF is unsatisfiable, is called the rank of the input. We present a new technique for proving rank lower bounds for these procedures when viewed as proof systems for unsatisfiability. We use this technique to prove near-optimal rank bounds for Gomory-Chvatal and Lovasz-Schrijver proofs of several prominent unsatisfiable CNF examples, including random kCNF formulas and the Tseitin graph formulas. It follows from these lower bounds that a linear number of rounds of these procedures when applied to relaxations of integer linear programs is not sufficient for reducing the integrality gap.

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