Rangers F.C.

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Sports teams

Rangers F.C.
Full name Rangers Football Club
Nickname(s) The Gers, Teddy Bears, Light Blues
Short name Rangers
Founded 1873
Ground Ibrox Stadium
( Capacity 51,082)
Chairman Flag of Scotland Sir David Murray
Manager Flag of Scotland Walter Smith
League Scottish Premier League
2006-07 Scottish Premier League, 2nd
Website Club home page
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
 
Home colours
Team colours Team colours Team colours
Team colours
Team colours
 
Away colours
Current season

Rangers Football Club are a football club from Glasgow, Scotland, who currently play in the Scottish Premier League. Rangers have won 51 league titles, a world record, and have won more major trophies than any football club in the world. The club are nicknamed The Teddy Bears, from the rhyming slang for Gers, which in turn is short for Rangers, and the fans are known to each other as "Bluenoses". The club's correct name is simply Rangers F.C., although they are sometimes referred to as Glasgow Rangers for European matches to avoid confusion.

Rangers' players and fans today are multi-national and of various religions, although the club have traditionally been identified with and favoured the Protestant and Unionist community of Scotland. For most of their history, Rangers have enjoyed a fierce rivalry with their cross-city opponents Celtic, and the two are collectively known as the Old Firm.

The club's home, the all-seated 51,082-capacity Ibrox Stadium in south-west Glasgow, has been accredited as one of UEFA's five-star stadia. The stadium was the first one in Scotland to be granted this accolade, which it now shares with Hampden Park, Scotland's national stadium.

History

Formation and early years

The four founders of Rangers - brothers Moses and Peter McNeil, Peter Campbell and William McBeath - met in 1872 and named their team after an English rugby club upon seeing the name in a book. In May of that year the first match was played, a 0-0 draw in a friendly against Callander F.C. on the public pitches of Glasgow Green. The only other match played that year was another friendly against a team called Clyde (not the present-day Clyde FC) resulting in an 11-0 victory and featuring the debut of the club's blue strip. The official founding of Rangers is recognised as taking place in 1873, when the club held its first annual meeting and staff were elected. The first season's fixtures were all friendlies, as the deadline for joining the Scottish Football Association had been missed, meaning the team did not take part in the inaugural Scottish Cup. By 1876 Rangers had their first internationalist, with Moses McNeil representing Scotland in a match against Wales national football team">Wales, and by 1877 Rangers had reached a Scottish Cup final. The first ever Old Firm match took place in 1888, the year of Celtic's establishment. Rangers lost 5-2 in a friendly to a team largely comprised of "guest players" from Hibernian.

The 1890-91 season saw the inception of the Scottish Football League, and Rangers were one of ten original members. By this time Rangers were playing at the first Ibrox Stadium. Rangers' first ever league match took place on August 16, 1890 and resulted in a 5-2 victory over Heart of Midlothian. After finishing equal-top with Dumbarton a play-off was held at Cathkin Park to decide the who would be champions. The match finished 2-2 and the title was shared for the only time in its history, the first of Rangers' world record 51 championships. Rangers' first ever Scottish Cup win came in 1894 after a 3-1 victory over rivals Celtic in the final. By the turn of the century Rangers had won two league titles and three Scottish Cups.

Under Paul Le Guen (2006-2007)

Card display at Ibrox to welcome Paul Le Guen.
Card display at Ibrox to welcome Paul Le Guen.

Paul Le Guen replaced former manager Alex McLeish as manager after season 2005-06. Known for unearthing and nurturing young talent, Le Guen immediately made a number of signings for the club, as well as releasing and transfer-listing various players.

The season started poorly for Rangers, with a number of losses and draws against teams lower in the league, as well as their being knocked out of the League Cup by Division One side St. Johnstone. Rivals Celtic built a lead at the top of the table, while Rangers fought for second place alongside Hearts and Aberdeen. As the season progressed, a number of more promising results were achieved, including wins over Hearts, Aberdeen and Hibernian. The first Old Firm match of the season resulted in a 2-0 defeat; the second - at Ibrox - was a 1-1 draw, after which Le Guen claimed Rangers deserved at least the point.

Throughout the first six months of the league campaign, Rangers' results in the UEFA Cup were more respectable. Qualification for the group stage was achieved with a 2-0 aggregate win over Molde F.K., and Rangers proceeded to become the first Scottish side to qualify for the last 32 of the competition in its current format, with wins over Livorno, Maccabi Haifa F.C. and Partizan Belgrade and a draw away to AJ Auxerre.

There had been rumours during the season of disharmony at Rangers, between Scottish and foreign units, with players including captain Barry Ferguson disapproving of Le Guen's strict disciplinarian stance. The imbalance came to a head on the day of the second Old Firm game of the season, with stories appearing in the Scottish media that Ferguson was angry with comments made by his manager regarding the captaincy of the club, and how Le Guen perceived it as more of an important role in Scotland than it is in France. On January 1, 2007, Le Guen stripped Ferguson of the captaincy, and after protests from a section of the fans at the away match at Motherwell F.C. the following day, it was announced on 4 January 2007 that Le Guen had left Rangers by mutual consent.

Walter Smith's return (2007-present)

Following the departure of Paul Le Guen, a number of media sources report an "understanding" that the new management structure would consist of former Rangers manager Walter Smith and former player Ally McCoist, and the SFA confirmed that Rangers enquired about the availability of the pair. However, on January 8, the SFA rebuffed Rangers' approach for Smith.

On 10 January 2007, it was announced that Smith was the new manager of Rangers, with McCoist confirmed as assistant manager and Kenny McDowall as first-team coach.

Rangers ended the season with no trophies for the second year running, but Smith proved a steadying influence on the team, losing just twice in the league until the end of the season. He made ten signings and qualification for the Champions League group stage was secured after aggregate victories over the champions of the Montenegrin and Serbian leagues, FK Zeta and Red Star Belgrade respectively. Rangers were drawn in Group E, to play FC Barcelona, French champions Olympique Lyonnais and German champions VfB Stuttgart. The campaign started well for Rangers with two victories, 2-1 at home to Stuttgart and 3-0 against Lyon at the Stade Gerland as well as a 0-0 draw against Barcelona at Ibrox Stadium.They lost match day 6 against Olympique Lyonnais 3-0 which ended their UEFA Champions League 2007-08 run.

Club colours and crest

The club colours of Rangers F.C. are royal blue, white and red.

The team's home strip invariably features a royal blue shirt (often with white and/or red trim). Traditionally this is accompanied by white shorts (often with royal blue and/or red trim) and black socks with red turn-downs. However when wearing the 'home strip' Rangers will occasionally alter the shorts and socks, sometimes replacing the black socks with white ones; or replacing the white shorts and black socks combination with royal blue shorts and socks.

The basic design of Rangers away strips has changed far more than the traditional home strip. White and red have been the most common predominant colours for Rangers alternate strips, though dark and light blue have also featured highly.

In recent years, Rangers have also introduced a third kit. This is usually worn if both the home and away kits clash with their opponents. The colours used range from light blue to red to a very controversial tangerine.

Shirt sponsors and manufacturers

Year Kit manufacturer Shirt Sponsor
1984-1987 Umbro CR Smith
1987-1990 McEwan's Lager
1990-1992 Admiral
1992-1997 Adidas
1997-1999 Nike
1999-2002 NTL
2002-2003 Diadora
2003-2005 Carling
2005-Present Umbro

The Old Firm and sectarianism

The club's most distinct rivalry is with Celtic, the other major football club based in Glasgow; the two clubs are collectively known as the Old Firm. Rangers' traditional support has largely come from the Protestant Unionist community.

During the late 19th century, many immigrants came to Glasgow from Ireland. This was around the same time that both Old Firm clubs were founded (Rangers in 1873 and Celtic in 1888). Rangers came to be identified with the Scottish Protestant community. Until Graeme Souness signed former Celtic player Mo Johnston, in 1989, Rangers were said by him to have had an "unwritten policy" of not signing any player who was Catholic; although Johnston was by no means the first Catholic to sign for the club, he was the first openly Catholic, high-profile player to sign for them since World War I.

Increasingly in recent years, both clubs have participated in initiatives and campaigns along with religious organisations and the Scottish Executive directed at removing the sectarian undercurrent, including supporting pressure group Nil by Mouth.

In recent times, both Rangers and Celtic have taken measures to combat sectarianism. Working alongside the Scottish Parliament, church groups, schools and community organisations, the Old Firm have made efforts to clamp down on sectarian songs, inflammatory flag-waving, and troublesome supporters, using increased levels of policing and surveillance.

On 12 April 2006, following an investigation into the conduct of Rangers supporters at both legs of their UEFA Champions League tie against Villarreal CF, the Control and Disciplinary Body of UEFA imposed a fine of £8,800 on Rangers following the improper conduct of some of their supporters, notably the smashing of a window of the Villarreal CF team bus at the second-leg match in Spain on 7 March. However, UEFA declared the Rangers fans not guilty of alleged discriminatory chants. UEFA challenged the ruling, and their Appeals Body partially upheld it, fining the Ibrox club £13,500 and warning them as to their responsibility for any future misconduct.

On 9 June 2006, Rangers, in conjunction with representatives from several supporters clubs, announced that they would comply with three UEFA directives:

  • The club were "ordered to announce measurable targets in order to reduce sectarian behaviour amongst its supporters".
  • The club were "to control their anti-sectarian activities by producing comprehensive statistics that are communicated to the public".
  • The club were "to make a public address announcement at every official fixture, be it international or domestic, stating that any sectarian chanting and any form of the song ' Billy Boys' is strictly prohibited".

Despite these measures, UEFA indicated that they will launch another investigation after Rangers fans clashed with riot police and were filmed making sectarian chants during the defeat by Osasuna in their UEFA Cup match in 2007. The Rangers Supporters Association secretary indicated his belief that a small minority of fans are to blame, suggesting "it doesn't matter how often they are told [to stop sectarian chanting], some people will just not listen." In September 2007, UEFA praised Rangers for the measures the club has taken against sectarianism.

Stadium and training facility

The facade of the Bill Struth Main Stand
The facade of the Bill Struth Main Stand

The club used a variety of grounds in Glasgow as a venue for home matches in the years between 1872 and 1899. The first was Flesher's Haugh, situated on Glasgow Green, followed by Burnbank in the Kelvinbridge area of the city, and then Kinning Park for ten years from the mid-1870s to the mid-1880s. From February of the 1886-87 season, Cathkin Park was used until the first Ibrox Park, in the Govan area of south-west Glasgow, was inaugurated for the following season. Ibrox Stadium in its current incarnation was originally designed by the architect Archibald Leitch, a Rangers fan who also played a part in the design of, among others, Old Trafford in Manchester and Highbury in London. The stadium was inaugurated on December 30, 1899, and Rangers defeated Hearts 3-1 in the first match held there.

Since 1899, two major disasters have taken place at the stadium. The first occurred in 1902 during a Scotland vs England national football team">England international match, when a section of terracing collapsed, leading to the deaths of 26 people and over 500 injuries. The second disaster took place in 1971, during the traditional New Year's Day Old Firm match-up. As the crowd were leaving the match, barriers on the stairway to the rear of passageway 13 at the Copland End collapsed, causing a crush and resulting in the deaths of 66 people, with over 200 injuries. This led to a major redevelopment of Ibrox, overseen by the general manager Willie Waddell. After its conversion to an all-seater stadium, Ibrox was awarded UEFA five-star status.

Rangers' under-19 team warming up at Murray Park before a game
Rangers' under-19 team warming up at Murray Park before a game

The stands in Ibrox are: The Bill Struth Main Stand (south; three tiers; the top one known as the Club Deck), Govan Stand (north; two tiers), and the Copland (east) and Broomloan (west) Stands (both two tiers), which are behind the goals. In addition to these, there are also the East and West Enclosures (in the lower tier of the Main Stand), and the two corners adjacent to the Govan Stand are filled in. As a result of work completed in the summer of 2006 to make the Bar 72 area situated in the Govan Stand, the total capacity of Ibrox is 51,082. On August 22 2006, Rangers announced that the Main Stand would be renamed The Bill Struth Main Stand in September 2006 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the death of their former manager, who served Rangers for 34 years. There are currently plans underway for a redevelopment of Ibrox stadium which could result in Ibrox being rebuilt as a 70,000 seated stadium - which would make it the second largest club football stadium in Britain after Old Trafford. The official Rangers Website was quoted as saying: "We are analysing three strategies which would enhance the development of the existing outline planning proposals for the Hinshelwood area to the south of the stadium. One of the strategies includes the total rebuilding of Ibrox Stadium while retaining the brick facade, the tradition and the integrity of the Bill Struth Main Stand".


Rangers training facility is located in Auchenhowie, near Milngavie in Glasgow. The facility is known as Murray Park after chairman Sir David Murray. It was proposed by then-manager Dick Advocaat upon his arrival at the club in 1998. It was completed in 2001 at a cost of £14-million. Murray Park is the first purpose-built facility of its kind in Scotland, and incorporates features including nine football pitches, a state of the art gym, a hydrotherapy pool, and a video-editing suite. Rangers' youth teams are also accommodated at Murray Park, with around 140 players between under-10 and under-19 age groups using the training centre. Various first-team players have come through the ranks at Murray Park, including Chris Burke, Stevie Smith and Charlie Adam. International club teams playing in Scotland, as well as national sides, have previously used Murray Park for training, and Advocaat's South Korea team used it for training prior to the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Players

Current squads

As of 31 January 2008.

First-team squad

No. Position Player
1 Flag of Scotland GK Allan McGregor
3 Flag of Scotland DF David Weir
4 Flag of Belgium FW Thomas Buffel
5 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina DF Saša Papac
6 Flag of Scotland MF Barry Ferguson ( captain)
7 Flag of France MF Brahim Hemdani
8 Flag of Scotland MF Kevin Thomson
9 Flag of Scotland FW Kris Boyd
10 Flag of Spain FW Nacho Novo
11 Flag of Scotland MF Charlie Adam
12 Flag of Northern Ireland MF Steven Davis (on loan from Fulham)
14 Flag of Senegal MF Amdy Faye (on loan from Charlton Athletic)
15 Flag of Scotland MF Alan Gow
16 Flag of Scotland GK Graeme Smith
No. Position Player
17 Flag of Scotland MF Chris Burke
18 Flag of Scotland FW Steven Naismith
19 Flag of France FW Jean-Claude Darcheville
20 Flag of the United States MF DaMarcus Beasley
21 Flag of Scotland DF Kirk Broadfoot
22 Flag of Scotland DF Andy Webster (on loan from Wigan Athletic)
23 Flag of Scotland DF Christian Dailly
24 Flag of Spain DF Carlos Cuéllar
25 Flag of Scotland GK Neil Alexander
26 Flag of Scotland DF Steven Smith
27 Flag of Scotland FW Lee McCulloch
28 Flag of Scotland MF Steven Whittaker
29 Flag of Gabon FW Daniel Cousin

Out on loan
No. Position Player
Flag of Slovakia FW Filip Šebo (to Valenciennes)
No. Position Player
30 Flag of England GK Lee Robinson (to Greenock Morton)

Reserve and Youth squad

2007-08 transfers

Notable players

Internationalists

Team managers

  • Correct as of 30 January 2008
  • All managers are from Scotland unless otherwise stated.
Name From To P W D L Win %
Wilton, William William Wilton 1896 May 1899 1920 May 1920 722 475 118 129 65.78%
Struth, Bill Bill Struth 1920 May 1920 1954 May 1954 1179 788 228 163 66.83%
Symon, Scot Scot Symon 1954 June 1954 1967 November 1967 681 445 114 122 65.34%
White, David David White 1967 November 1967 1969 November 1969 114 73 19 22 64.03%
Waddell, William William Waddell 1969 December 1969 1972 May 1972 131 74 25 32 56.49%
Wallace, Jock Jock Wallace 1972 June 1972 1978 May 1978 308 201 56 51 65.25%
Greig, John John Greig 1978 May 1978 1983 October 1983 288 150 71 67 52.08%
Wallace, Jock Jock Wallace 1983 October 1983 1986 April 1986 124 55 36 33 43.65%
Souness, Graeme Graeme Souness 1986 April 1986 1991 April 1991 260 165 50 45 63.32%
Smith, Walter Walter Smith 1991 April 1991 1998 May 1998 379 248 68 63 65.52%
Advocaat, Dick Dick Advocaat Flag of the Netherlands 1998 July 1998 2001 December 2001 194 131 33 30 67.53%
McLeish, Alex Alex McLeish 2001 December 2001 2006 May 2006 235 155 44 36 65.96%
Le Guen, Paul Paul Le Guen Flag of France 2006 May 2006 2007 January 2007 31 16 8 7 51.61%
Smith, Walter Walter Smith 2007 January 2007 9999 Present 55 37 8 10 67.27%

Non-playing staff

Boardroom

Position Name
Chairman Sir David Murray
Chief Executive Martin Bain
Football Administrator Andrew Dickson
Director of Finance Donald McIntyre
Operations Executive Laurence MacIntyre
Director John Greig MBE
Non-Executive Director John McClelland CBE
Non-Executive Director Alastair Johnston
Non-Executive Director David Cunningham King
Non-Executive Director Donald Wilson
Non-Executive Director Paul Murray

Management

Position Name
Manager Walter Smith OBE
Assistant Manager Ally McCoist MBE
First Team Coach Kenny McDowall
Reserve Team Coach Ian Durrant
Under-19 Team Coach Billy Kirkwood
Goalkeeping Coach Jim Stewart
Fitness Coach Adam Owen
Club Doctor Paul Jackson
Physiotherapist Pip Yeates
Chief Scout Ewan Chester

Records

Club

Record home attendance: 118,567 vs Celtic, January 1939

Record victory: 13-0 vs Possilpark, Scottish Cup, 6 October 1877

Record league victory: 10-0 vs Hibernian, 24 December 1898

Record defeat: 2-10 vs Airdrieonians, 6 February 1886

Record league defeat: 0-6 vs Dumbarton, 4 May 1892

Record appearances: John Greig, 755, 1960-1978

Record league appearances: Sandy Archibald, 513, 1917-1934

Record Scottish Cup appearances: Alec Smith, 74

Record Scottish League Cup appearances: John Greig, 121

Record European competition appearances: Barry Ferguson, 74

Record goalscorer: Ally McCoist, 355 goals, 1983-1998

Most goals in one season: Sam English, 44 goals, 1931/1932

Most league goals: Ally McCoist, 251 goals

Most Scottish Cup goals: Jimmy Fleming, 44 goals

Most League Cup goals: Ally McCoist, 54 goals

Most European goals: Ally McCoist, 21 goals

Shutout record: Chris Woods, 1196 minutes, 1986/87 (British record)

Most capped player: Frank de Boer, 112 caps for The Netherlands

Highest transfer fee received: Alan Hutton, £9m, Tottenham Hotspur, 2008

Highest transfer fee paid: Tore André Flo, £12.5 m, Chelsea, 2000


Individual

All players are from Scotland unless otherwise stated.
Top goalscorers
# Name Career Apps Goals Average
1 Ally McCoist 1983-1998 581 355 0.61
2 Bob McPhail 1927-1940 408 261 0.64
3 Jimmy Smith 1930-1946 259 249 0.96
4 Jimmy Fleming 1925-1934 268 223 0.83
5 Derek Johnstone 1970-1982
1985-1986
546 210 0.38
6 Ralph Brand 1954-1965 317 206 0.65
7 Willie Reid 1909-1920 230 195 0.84
8 Willie Thornton 1936-1954 308 194 0.63
9 RC Hamilton 1897-1908 209 184 0.88
10 Andy Cunningham 1914-1929 389 182 0.47


Most appearances
# Name Career Apps Goals
1 John Greig 1961-1978 755 120
2 Sandy Jardine 1964-1982 674 77
3 Ally McCoist 1983-1998 581 355
4 Sandy Archibald 1917-1934 580 148
5 Davie Meiklejohn 1919-1936 563 46
6 Dougie Gray 1925-1947 555 2
7 Derek Johnstone 1970-1982
1985-1986
546 210
8 Davie Cooper 1977-1989 540 75
9 Peter McCloy 1970-1986 535 0
10 Ian McColl 1945-1960 526 14

Managerial

Name Nat League SC LC EC Total
Wilton, William William Wilton Flag of Scotland Scotland 8 1 0 0 9
Struth, Bill Bill Struth Flag of Scotland Scotland 18 10 2 0 30
Symon, Scot Scot Symon Flag of Scotland Scotland 6 5 4 0 15
White, David David White Flag of Scotland Scotland 0 0 0 0 0
Waddell, William William Waddell Flag of Scotland Scotland 0 0 1 1 2
Wallace, Jock Jock Wallace Flag of Scotland Scotland 3 3 4 0 10
Greig, John John Greig Flag of Scotland Scotland 0 2 2 0 4
Souness, Graeme Graeme Souness Flag of Scotland Scotland 3 0 4 0 7
Smith, Walter Walter Smith Flag of Scotland Scotland 8 3 3 0 14
Advocaat, Dick Dick Advocaat Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands 2 2 1 0 5
McLeish, Alex Alex McLeish Flag of Scotland Scotland 2 2 3 0 7
Le Guen, Paul Paul Le Guen Flag of France France 0 0 0 0 0

Honours

League

Scottish League championships (51)
1891, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1947, 1949, 1950, 1953, 1956, 1957, 1959, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2005

Cups

Cup Winners' Cup winners
1972
Scottish Cup winners (31)
1894, 1897, 1898, 1903, 1928, 1930, 1932, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1953, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1973, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1981, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003
League Cup winners (24)
1947, 1949, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1971, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2005

Europe

Correct as of 12 December 2007 (Qualifying rounds are included)

Competition From To Record
P W D L F A Win %
UEFA Champions League 1992 2007 88 35 24 29 129 102 40.69%
European Cup 1956 1992 57 26 9 22 94 93 45.61%
UEFA Cup 1982 2006 61 29 14 18 89 66 47.54%
European Cup Winners Cup 1960 1983 54 27 11 16 100 62 50.00%
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1967 1970 18 8 4 6 27 17 44.44%
European Super Cup 1973 1973 2 0 0 2 3 6 0%
47 seasons 280 125 62 93 442 346 44.96%
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