List of African countries and dependencies

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: African Geography

This is a list of African countries and dependencies, including the respective capitals, languages, currencies, population, area and GDP per capita (dependencies are listed with a blue background).

Africa is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. At about 30,221,532 km² (11,668,545 sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area, and 20.4% of the total land area. With more than 900 million people (as of 2005) in 61 territories, it accounts for about 14% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Languages Area (km²) Population GDP per capita (PPP) Map
Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) Flag of Algeria Algiers Algerian dinar Arabic 2,381,740 33,333,216 $7,700 3
Angola (Republic of Angola) Flag of Angola Luanda Kwanza Portuguese 1,246,700 15,941,000 $2,813 40
Benin (Republic of Benin) Flag of Benin Porto Novo West African CFA franc French 112,622 8,439,000 $1,176 24
Botswana (Republic of Botswana) Flag of Botswana Gaborone Pula English, Tswana 581,726 1,639,833 $11,400 46
Burkina Faso Flag of Burkina Faso Ouagadougou West African CFA franc French 274,000 13,228,000 $1,284 21
Burundi (Republic of Burundi) Flag of Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc Kirundi, French 27,830 7,548,000 $739 38
Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon) Flag of Cameroon Yaoundé Central African CFA franc French, English 475,442 17,795,000 $2,421 26
Canary Islands Flag of Canary Islands Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Euro Spanish 7,447 1,995,833 N/A 6
Cape Verde (Republic of Cape Verde) Flag of Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese 4,033 420,979 $6,418 14a
Central African Republic (Central African Republic) Flag of the Central African Republic Bangui Central African CFA franc Sango, French 622,984 4,216,666 $1,198 27
Ceuta Flag of Ceuta Ceuta Euro Spanish 28 76,861 N/A 2a
Chad (Republic of Chad) Flag of Chad N'Djamena Central African CFA franc French, Arabic 1,284,000 10,146,000 $1,519 11
Comoros (Union of the Comoros) Flag of the Comoros Moroni Comorian franc Comorian, Arabic, French 2,235 798,000 $1,660 43a
Côte d'Ivoire (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire) Flag of Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro
Abidjan
West African CFA franc French 322,460 17,654,843 $1,600 20
Democratic Republic of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Congolese franc French 2,344,858 63,655,000 $774 34
Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti) Flag of Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian Franc Arabic, French 23,200 496,374 $2,070 29
Egypt (Arab Republic of Egypt) Flag of Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound Arabic 1,001,449 80,335,036 $4,836 5
Equatorial Guinea (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) Flag of Equatorial Guinea Malabo Central African CFA franc Spanish, French, Portuguese 28,051 504,000 $50,200 31
Eritrea (State of Eritrea) Flag of Eritrea Asmara Nakfa None at national level 117,600 4,401,000 $1,000 13
Ethiopia (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) Flag of Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr Amharic 1,104,300 75,067,000 $823 28
Gabon (Gabonese Republic) Flag of Gabon Libreville Central African CFA franc French 267,668 1,384,000 $7,055 32
Gambia (Republic of The Gambia) Flag of The Gambia Banjul Dalasi English 10,380 1,517,000 $2002 15
Ghana (Republic of Ghana) Flag of Ghana Accra Ghanaian cedi English 238,534 23,000,000 $2,700 22
Guinea (Republic of Guinea) Flag of Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French 245,857 9,402,000 $2,035 17
Guinea-Bissau (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) Flag of Guinea-Bissau Bissau West African CFA franc Portuguese 36,125 1,586,000 $736 16
Kenya (Republic of Kenya) Flag of Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling Swahili, English 580,367 34,707,817 $1,445 36
Lesotho (Kingdom of Lesotho) Flag of Lesotho Maseru Loti Sesotho, English 30,355 1,795,000 $2,113 49
Liberia (Republic of Liberia) Flag of Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English 111,369 3,283,000 $1,003 19
Libya (Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) Flag of Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic 1,759,540 6,036,914 $12,700 4
Madagascar (Republic of Madagascar) Flag of Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy ariary Malagasy, French, English 587,041 18,606,000 $905 44
Madeira Flag of Madeira Funchal Euro Portuguese 828 245,806 N/A 1
Malawi (Republic of Malawi) Flag of Malawi Lilongwe Malawian kwacha English, Chichewa 118,484 12,884,000 $596 42
Mali (Republic of Mali) Flag of Mali Bamako West African CFA franc French 1,240,192 13,518,000 $1,154 9
Mauritania (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) Flag of Mauritania Nouakchott Mauritanian ouguiya Arabic, French 1,030,700 3,069,000 $2,402 8
Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius) Flag of Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee English 2,040 1,219,220 $13,703 44a
Mayotte Flag of Mayotte Mamoudzou Euro French 374 186,452 2,600 43b
Melilla (Autonomous City of Melilla) Flag of Melilla N/A Euro Spanish 20 72,000 N/A 2b
Morocco (Kingdom of Morocco) Flag of Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham Arabic, French 446,550 33,757,175 $4,600 2
Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique) Flag of Mozambique Maputo Mozambican metical Portuguese 801,590 20,366,795 $1,389 43
Namibia (Republic of Namibia) Flag of Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar English 825,418 2,031,000 $7,478 45
Niger ( Republic of Niger) Flag of Niger Niamey West African CFA franc French 1,267,000 13,957,000 $872 10
Nigeria (Federal Republic of Nigeria) Flag of Nigeria Abuja Nigerian naira English 923,768 133,530,000 $1,188 25
Republic of the Congo (Republic of the Congo) Flag of the Republic of the Congo Brazzaville Central African CFA franc French 342,000 3,999,000 $1,369 33
Réunion Flag of Réunion Saint-Denis Euro French 2,512 793,000 N/A 44b
Rwanda (Republic of Rwanda) Flag of Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc Kinyarwanda, French, English 26,798 7,600,000 $1,300 37
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Western Sahara">Flag of Western Sahara El Aaiún (Moroccan), Bir Lehlou (temporary) Moroccan dirham Arabic 267,405 266,000 N/A 7
Saint Helena Flag of Saint Helena Jamestown Saint Helenian pound English 3,926 420 N/A 40b
São Tomé and Príncipe (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe) Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe Dobra Portuguese 964 157,000 $1,266 31a
Senegal (Republic of Senegal) Flag of Senegal Dakar West African CFA franc French 196,723 11,658,000 $1,759 14
Seychelles (Republic of Seychelles) Flag of the Seychelles Victoria Seychellois rupee English, French, Seychellois Creole 451 80,654 $11,818 39a
Sierra Leone (Republic of Sierra Leone) Flag of Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English 71,740 6,144,562 $903 18
Somalia (Somali Republic) Flag of Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Somali 637,661 17,700,000 $2,941 30
South Africa (Republic of South Africa) Flag of South Africa Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
South African rand Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu 1,221,037 47,432,000 $12,161 48
Sudan (Republic of Sudan) Flag of Sudan Khartoum Sudanese pound Arabic, English 2,505,813 36,992,490 $2,522 12
Swaziland (Kingdom of Swaziland) Flag of Swaziland Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
Lilangeni English, Swati 17,364 1,032,000 $5,245 50
Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania) Flag of Tanzania Dar es Salaam (traditional capital)
Dodoma (legislative)
Tanzanian shilling Swahili 945,087 37,849,133 $723 39
Togo (Togolese Republic) Flag of Togo Lomé West African CFA franc French 56,785 6,100,000 $1,700 23
Tunisia (Tunisian Republic) Flag of Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic 163,610 10,102,000 $8,800 3
Uganda ( Republic of Uganda) Flag of Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling English, Swahili 236,040 27,616,000 $1,700 35
Zambia (Republic of Zambia) Flag of Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha English 752,614 11,668,000 $931 41
Zimbabwe (Republic of Zimbabwe) Flag of Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar English 390,757 13,010,000 $2,607 47

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