1954

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1920s  1930s  1940s  - 1950s -   1960s   1970s   1980s
Years: 1951 1952 1953 - 1954 - 1955 1956 1957

Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar).

Events of 1954

January

January 14: Marilyn weds DiMaggio.
January 14: Marilyn weds DiMaggio.
  • January 1 - The Soviet Union ceases to demand war reparations from East Germany.
  • January 12 - Avalanches in Austria kill more than 20.
  • January 15 - Mau Mau leader Waruhiu Itote is captured in Kenya.
  • January 17 - In Yugoslavia, Milovan Djilas, one of the leading members of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, is relieved of his duties.
  • January 20 - The US-based National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • January 21 - The first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched in Groton, Connecticut, by First Lady of the United States Mamie Eisenhower.
  • January 25 - The foreign ministers of the United States, Britain, France and the Soviet Union meet at the Berlin Conference.

February

March

  • March 1 - Officials announce that an American hydrogen bomb test has been conducted on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
  • March 1 - U.S. Capitol shooting incident: Four Puerto Rican nationalists open fire in the United States House of Representatives chamber and wound five; they are apprehended by security guards.
  • March 9 - American journalists Edward Murrow and Fred W. Friendly produce a 30-minute See It Now documentary titled A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy.
  • March 12 - Finland and Germany officially end the state of war.
  • March 13 - French troops begin battle against Vietminh in Dien Bien Phu.
  • March 19 - Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in colour.
  • March 23 - In Vietnam, the Viet Minh capture the main airstrip of Dien Bien Phu - French forces are partially isolated.
  • March 25 - The 26th Academy Awards ceremony is held.
  • March 25 - RCA manufactures the first colour TV set (12" screen; price: $1,000).
  • March 25 - Soviet Union recognizes sovereignty of East Germany but Soviet troops remain in the country.
  • March 28 - Puerto Rico's first television station, WKAQ-TV, goes on the air.
  • March 29 - C-47 with French nurse Genevieve de Galard on board is incapacitated on Dien Bien Phu runway.
  • March 30 - Canada's first subway opens in Toronto.

April

  • April 1 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
  • April 3 - Vladimir Petrov defects from the Soviet Union and asks to seek political asylum in Australia.
  • April 4 - Legendary conductor Arturo Toscanini experiences a lapse of memory during a concert. At concert's end, his retirement is announced, and Toscanini never conducts in public again.
  • April 7 - Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his " domino theory" speech during a news conference.
  • April 14 - Aneurin Bevan resigns from the UK Labour shadow cabinet.
  • April 16 - Vice President Richard Nixon announces that the United States may be “putting our own boys in Indochina regardless of Allied support.”
  • April 22 - Senator Joseph McCarthy begins hearings investigating the United States Army for being "soft" on Communism.

May

  • May 6 - Roger Bannister runs the first four minute mile.
  • May 7 - Vietnam War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat (the battle began on March 13).
  • May 14 - The Boeing 707 is released after about two years of development.
  • May 17 - United States Supreme Court hands down its decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas 347 US 483 1954.
  • May 17 - The Petrov Royal Commission in Australia begins its inquiry.
  • May 20 - Chiang Kai-shek is reelected president of the Republic of China by the National Assembly.
  • May 22 - The common Nordic Labour Market act is signed.
  • May 29 - Robert Menzies's government is re-elected for a 4th term in Australia.

June

  • June 9 - McCarthyism: Joseph Welch, special counsel for the United States Army, lashes out at Senator Joseph McCarthy during hearings on whether Communism has infiltrated the Army.
  • June 14 - The words "under God" are added to the United States Pledge of Allegiance.
  • June 15 - UEFA (the Union of European Football Associations) is formed in Basel, Switzerland.
  • June 17 - A military coup occurs in Guatemala.
  • June 18 - Pierre Mendès-France becomes prime minister of France.
  • June 27 - Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán steps down in a CIA-sponsored military coup, triggering a bloody civil war that would continue for more than 35 years.
  • June 27 - The world's first atomic power station opens at Obninsk, near Moscow.

July

  • July 1 - The common Nordic Labour Market act comes into power.
  • July 4 - End of rationing of meat - the last form of food rationing in Britain.
  • July 4 - West Germany beats Hungary 3-2 to win the 1954 FIFA World Cup.
  • July 5 - The Andhra Pradesh High Court is established.
  • July 15 - The maiden flight of Boeing 707 occurs.
  • July 21 - First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
  • July 28 - The Situationist International is founded.

August

  • August - First flight of a B-52 Stratofortress.
  • August 6 - Emilie Dionne, one of the Dionne Quintuplets, dies of asphyxiation following an epileptic seizure at Sainte Agathe, Quebec.
  • August 16 - Volume 1, Issue 1 of Sports Illustrated is published.
  • August 24 - President of Brazil, Getulio Vargas, commits suicide; he's been accused of conspiracy to murder an air force officer.

September

  • September 3 - The last new episode of The Lone Ranger is aired on radio after 2,956 episodes over a period of 21 years
  • September 6 - SEATO treaty signed in Manila, Philippines KOVR went on the air.
  • September 8 - The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) is established in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • September 9 - An earthquake centered on the city of Orleansville in Algeria: 1500 dead and thousands homeless.
  • September 11 - First Miss America Pageant broadcast on television.
  • September 14 - USSR tests nuclear weapon.
  • September 24 - Edward Pilgrim commits suicide hastened by bureaucracy.
  • September 25 - Footscray Football Club wins their first Grand Final.
  • September 26 - Japanese ferry Toya Maru sinks during a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait killing more than 1,100.
  • September 30 - USS Nautilus, 1st atomic-powered vessel (submarine), commissioned by the US Navy.

October

  • October 11 - Vietnam War: The Viet Minh takes control of North Vietnam.
  • October 11 - Hurricane Hazel crosses over Haiti, killing 1,000.
  • October 15 - Hurricane Hazel makes U.S. landfall - it is the only recorded Category 4 hurricane to strike as far north as North Carolina.
  • October 18 - Texas Instruments announces the development of the first Transistor radio.
  • October 20 - Dock workers' strike expands in England.
  • October 23 - West Germany joins NATO.
  • October 25 - Landslides caused by heavy rains hit Salerno, Italy, killing about 300.
  • October 26 - Member of Muslim Brotherhood Abdul Munim Abdul Rauf tries to kill Gamal Abdal Nasser.
  • October 31 - Algerian War of Independence: The Algerian National Liberation Front begins a revolt against French rule.

November

  • November 1 - The FLN attacks Representative and public buildings of the France colonial power.
  • November 2 - Dock workers' strike in England ends.
  • November 5 - Japan and Burma sign in Rangoon a separate treaty of peace to end the formal state of war.
  • November 10 - US President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the USMC War Memorial (Iwo Jima memorial) in Arlington National Cemetery.
  • November 12 - The main immigration port-of-entry in New York Harbour at Ellis Island closes.
  • November 14 - Egyptian president Mohammed Naguib is deposed - Gamal Abdel Nasser replaces him.
  • November 23 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises 3.27 points, or 0.86%, closing at an all-time high of 382.74. More significantly, this is the first time the Dow has surpassed its 1929 peak level reached just before that year's crash.
  • November 30 - In Sylacauga, Alabama, a 4 kg piece of the Hodges Meteorite crashes through the roof of a house and badly bruises a napping woman, in the first documented case of an object from outer space hitting a person.

December

December 1 The first Hyatt Hotel, The Hyatt House Los Angeles, opens. It is the first hotel in the world built outside of an airport.

  • December 2
    • Red Scare: The United States Senate votes 67 to 22 to condemn Joseph McCarthy for "conduct that tends to bring the Senate into dishonor and disrepute."
    • Taiwan-United States Mutual Defense Treaty.
  • December 24 - Laos gains full independence from France.

Undated

  • New Zealand inventor, Sir William Hamilton invented the worlds first water pump-jet engine, later named the "Hamilton Jet".
  • The first kidney transplants are done in Boston and Paris.
  • The Boy Scouts of America desegregates on the basis of race.
  • Gerbils ( Meriones Unguiculatus) are brought to the United States by Dr. Victor Schwentker.
  • Unification Church is founded.
  • Case of Lothar Malskat, who had admitted that he had painted the frescoes in Marienkirche himself, goes into trial.
  • The TV Dinner is introduced by American, Gerry Thomas.
  • Choreographer George Balanchine's production of The Nutcracker is staged for the first time in New York, becoming an annual tradition there, and still being revived as of 2007.
  • Korea use of Gimpo International Airport possible.

Ongoing

Fictional

The following are references to year 1954 in fiction: Robert A. Heinlein's short story, The Year of the Jackpot takes place in 1954.

Births

1954 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1954
MCMLIV
Ab urbe condita 2707
Armenian calendar 1403
ԹՎ ՌՆԳ
Bahá'í calendar 110 – 111
Berber calendar 2904
Buddhist calendar 2498
Burmese calendar 1316
Chinese calendar 4590/4650-11-27
( 癸巳年十一月廿七日)
— to —
4591/4651-12-7
( 甲午年十二月初七日)
Coptic calendar 1670 – 1671
Ethiopian calendar 1946 – 1947
Hebrew calendar 5714 – 5715
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2009 – 2010
 - Shaka Samvat 1876 – 1877
 - Kali Yuga 5055 – 5056
Holocene calendar 11954
Iranian calendar 1332 – 1333
Islamic calendar 1373 – 1374
Japanese calendar Shōwa 29
(昭和29年)
Korean calendar 4287
Thai solar calendar 2497

January-February

  • January 2 - Henry Bonilla, American politician
  • January 3 - Jim Ross, American wrestling commentator
  • January 4 - Dave "The Devilfish" Ulliott, English professional poker player
  • January 5 - Alex English, American basketball player
  • January 6 - Anthony Minghella, British film and theatre director (d. 2008)
  • January 12 - Howard Stern, American radio host
  • January 13 - Trevor Rabin, South African-American musician
  • January 14 - Tom Cheney, American cartoonist
  • January 15 - Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer
  • January 17 - Robert F. Kennedy, Jr., son of Robert F Kennedy
  • January 19 - Katey Sagal, American actress and singer
  • January 19 - Ted DiBiase, American professional wrestler
  • January 22 - Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
  • January 23 - Franco De Vita, Venezuelan singer and songwriter
  • January 29 - Oprah Winfrey, American actress, talk show hostess, producer, and publisher
  • January 29 - Yukinobu Hoshino, Japanese cartoonist
  • February 1 - Bill Mumy, American actor and musician
  • February 2 - Christie Brinkley, American model
  • February 7 - Dieter Bohlen, German singer
  • February 9 - Christopher Gardner, American entrepreneur
  • February 9 - Kevin Warwick, Cyborg Scientist
  • February 11 - Noriyuki Asakura, Japanese composer
  • February 12 - Philip Zimmermann, American cryptographer
  • February 13 - Donnie Moore, American baseball player (d. 1989)
  • February 15 - Matt Groening, American cartoonist
  • February 18 - John Travolta, American actor
  • February 19 - Socrates, Brazilian footballer
  • February 20 - Anthony Stewart Head, English actor
  • February 20 - Patty Hearst, American heiress and kidnapping victim
  • February 23 - Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine
  • February 25 - John Doe, American musician
  • February 27 - Neal Schon, American guitarist

March-April

  • March 1 - Ron Howard, American actor, director, producer
  • March 4 - François Fillon, Prime Minister of France
  • March 4 - Peter Jacobsen, American professional golfer
  • March 4 - Catherine O'Hara, Canadian actress
  • March 4 - Irina Ratushinskaya, Russian writer
  • March 4 - Willie Thorne, English snooker player
  • March 4 - Adrian Zmed, American actor and dancer
  • March 6 - Harald Schumacher, German football goalkeeper
  • March 8 - David Wilkie, Scottish swimmer
  • March 9 - Bobby Sands, Irish Republican, Long Kesh hunger striker
  • March 13 - The Baroness Amos, British politician
  • March 15 - Craig Wasson, American actor
  • March 16 - Nancy Wilson, American singer, musician, and actress
  • March 17 - Lesley-Anne Down, British actress
  • March 18 - James F. Reilly, astronaut
  • March 19 - Indu Shahani, Indian educationist and Sheriff of Mumbai
  • March 23 - Geno Auriemma, American basketball coach
  • March 24 - Robert Carradine, American actor
  • March 26 - Kazuhiko Inoue, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
  • March 29 - Karen Ann Quinlan, American right-to-die cause célèbre (d. 1985)
  • April 2 - Susumu Hirasawa, Japanese musician
  • April 5 - Guy Bertrand (broadcaster). Canadian linguist and radio personality.
  • April 7 - Jackie Chan, Hong Kong-born actor
  • April 7 - Tony Dorsett, American football player
  • April 8 - John Schneider, American actor ("Dukes of Hazzard")
  • April 9 - Dennis Quaid, American actor
  • April 9 - Steve Holt, Canadian musician
  • April 10 - Anacani, Mexican-born American singer The Lawrence Welk Show
  • April 10 - Peter MacNicol, American actor
  • April 14 - Bruce Sterling, American science fiction writer
  • April 15 - Seka, American actress
  • April 16 - Ellen Barkin, American actress
  • April 17 - Riccardo Patrese, Italian race car driver
  • April 26 - Alan Hinkes, British Mountaineer
  • April 28 - Robert Sargent Shriver III, son of Eunice Kennedy Shriver
  • April 29 - Jerry Seinfeld, American comedian
  • April 29 - Jake Burton Carpenter, founder of Burton Snowboards

May-June

  • May 1 - Archie Norman, British politician and businessman
  • May 5 - Dave Spector, American television personality and commentator
  • May 7 - Philippe Geluck, Belgian cartoonist
  • May 7 - Amy Heckerling, American film director
  • May 8 - David Keith, American actor
  • May 8 - John Michael Talbot, American musician
  • May 11 - Judith Weir, British composer
  • May 19 - Phil Rudd, Australian drummer ( AC/DC)
  • May 27 - Pauline Hanson, Australian politician
  • June 5 - Nancy Stafford, American actress and Christian author
  • June 9 - John Hagelin, American physicist and U.S. Presidential candidate
  • June 9 - Elizabeth May, leader of the Green Party of Canada
  • June 15 - James Belushi, American actor
  • June 16 - Sergey Kuryokhin, a Russian piano player, avant-garde composer, improvisor, performance artist and actor (d.1996)
  • June 19 - Ted Coombs, American artist
  • June 20 - Michael Anthony, American bassist and founding member of the hard rock group Van Halen
  • June 20 - Ilan Ramon, Israeli Air Force, Israel first astronaut (d. 2003)
  • June 22 - Freddie Prinze, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
  • June 26 - Steve Barton, American actor (d. 2001)
  • June 27 - Ron Kirk, Mayor of Dallas, Texas
  • June 28 - Ava Barber, country singer The Lawrence Welk Show
  • June 29 - Rick Honeycutt, American baseball player and coach
  • June 30 - Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (d. 2004)

July-August

  • July 5 - John Wright, New Zealand cricket captain
  • July 6 - Willie Randolph, American baseball player, coach, manager
  • July 10 - Neil Tennant, British musician
  • July 13 - Sezen Aksu, popular Turkish female singer
  • July 15 - Tarak Dhiab, Tunisian footballer
  • July 16 - Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
  • July 17 - Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
  • July 22 - Pierre Lebeau, Canadian actor
  • July 25 - Walter Payton, American football player (d. 1999)
  • July 27 - Philippe Alliot, French race car driver
  • July 28 - Hugo Chavez, Venezuelan President
  • August 1 - Michael J. Badnarik, American software engineer and presidential candidate
  • August 2 - Sammy McIlroy, Northern Irish footballer and football manager
  • August 4 - Uwe Wittwer, Swiss artist
  • August 11 - Joe Jackson, British singer
  • August 12 - Sam J. Jones, American actor
  • August 12 - Pat Metheny, American jazz guitarist
  • August 13 - Nico Assumpção, Brazilian bass player
  • August 14 - Mark Fidrych, American baseball player
  • August 15 - Mary Jo Salter, American poet
  • August 16 - James Cameron, Canadian-born film director
  • August 17 - Anatoly Kudryavitsky, Russian-Irish writer
  • August 20 - Tawn Mastrey, American disc jockey, music video producer (d. 2007)
  • August 20 - Al Roker, American television broadcaster
  • August 21 - Ivan Stang, American author and publisher
  • August 21 - Steve Smith, American drummer
  • August 23 - Charles Busch, American director, writer, and actor
  • August 25 - Elvis Costello, British singer
  • August 29 - István Cserháti, Hungarian keyboardist (d. 2005)
  • August 31 - Julie Brown, American actress, singer-songwriter and screenwriter
  • August 31 - Caroline Cossey, English model

September-October

  • September 1 - Dave Lumley, Canadian ice hockey player
  • September 10 - Mark W. Everson, incoming President and Chief Executive Officer of the American Red Cross
  • September 13 - Steve Kilbey, Australian musician
  • September 17 - Joël-François Durand, French composer
  • September 18 - Dennis Johnson, American basketball player (d. 2007)
  • September 21 - Shinzo Abe, Japanese politician
  • September 23 - Charlie Barnett, American actor (d. 1996)
  • September 26 - Kevin Kennedy, baseball manager and television host
  • September 30 - Barry Williams, American actor
  • October 1 - Martin Strel, Slovenian swimmer
  • October 3 - Dennis Eckersley, baseball player
  • October 3 - Stevie Ray Vaughan, American musician (d. 1990)
  • October 3 - Al Sharpton, American politician and minister
  • October 7 - Robert A. Schuller, American televangelist and son of Robert H. Schuller
  • October 9 - Scott Bakula, American television actor
  • October 9 - John O'Hurley, American television actor and game show host
  • October 10 - David Lee Roth Lead Singer of Rock Band Van Halen
  • October 12 - Les Dennis, English television presenter and actor
  • October 13 - Mordechai Vanunu, Israeli nuclear technician
  • October 15 - Tanya Roberts, American actress
  • October 15 - Peter Bakowski, Australian poet
  • October 23 - Ang Lee, Taiwanese film director
  • October 24 - Mike Rounds, Governor of South Dakota

November-December

  • November 2 - Pat Croce, American entrepreneur
  • November 2 - Angela Webber, Australian author, TV writer, producer and comedian (d. 2007)
  • November 3 - Brigitte Lin, actress
  • November 3 - Adam Ant, English singer
  • November 3 - Kathy Kinney, American actress and comedienne
  • November 6 - Catherine Crier, American television journalist
  • November 7 - Kamal Haasan, Indian actor
  • November 8 - Michael D. Brown, U.S. Undersecretary of Emergency Preparedness and Response
  • November 8 - Kazuo Ishiguro, Japanese-born British author
  • November 13 - Chris Noth, American actor
  • November 14 - Condoleezza Rice, U.S. Secretary of State
  • November 14 - Yanni, Greek musician
  • November 14 - Willie Hernández, Puerto Rican Major League Baseball player
  • November 15 - Aleksander Kwaśniewski, President of Poland
  • November 16 - Andrea Barrett, American author
  • November 16 - Bruce Edwards, golf caddy (d. 2004)
  • November 23 - Bruce Hornsby, American singer
  • November 26 - Dan Kwong, American performance artist, playwright
  • November 27 - Patricia McPherson, American actress
  • November 29 - Joel Coen, American film director, producer, screenwriter, and editor
  • December 1 - Bob Goen, American television personality and game show host
  • December 2 - Dan Butler, American actor
  • December 2 - Stone Phillips, American television journalist
  • December 7 - Mark Hofmann, American forger and murderer
  • December 10 - Jack Hues, English musician
  • December 11 - Jermaine Jackson, American singer
  • December 11 - Prachanda, Nepalese Communist leader
  • December 13 - John Anderson, American country music singer-songwriter
  • December 14 - Ib Andersen, Danish dancer
  • December 14 - Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (d. 1993)
  • December 18 - Ulrich Roth, German musician guitarist in rock band Scorpions
  • December 20 - Michael Badalucco, American actor
  • December 20 - Sandra Cisneros, American writer
  • December 21 - Chris Evert, American tennis player
  • December 22 - Geraldine Barbieri, Astounding American educator
  • December 24 - José María Figueres, Costa Rican politician, President 1994-1998
  • December 25 - Annie Lennox, British singer
  • December 26 - Susan Butcher, American dog-sled racer (d. 2006)
  • December 28 - Denzel Washington, American actor
  • December 31 - Alex Salmond, Scottish politician

Unknown dates

  • Sid Meier, American computer game designer
  • Pat Metheny, American Jazz Great
  • Albert Oehlen, German painter
  • Nenad Prokic, Serbian playwright
  • Ray Ratto, sports columnist
  • Chris Riley (Priest), prominent Australian youth worker

Deaths

January-June

  • January 18 - Sydney Greenstreet, English actor (b. 1879)
  • January 20 - Fred Root, English cricketer (b. 1890)
  • January 31 - Edwin Armstrong, electrical engineer (b. 1890)
  • February 12 - Dziga Vertov, Russian filmmaker (b. 1896)
  • March 7 - Otto Diels, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • April 13 - Angus L. Macdonald, Nova Scotia Premier. (b. 1890)
  • April 17 - Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (b. 1900)
  • May 6 - B.C. Forbes, Scottish-born publisher (b. 1880)
  • May 15 - William March, American writer and soldier (b. 1893)
  • May 19 - Charles Ives, American composer (b. 1874)
  • May 25 - Robert Capa, Hungarian-born photojournalist (b. 1913)
  • April 10 - Auguste Lumière, French inventor (b. 1862)
  • April 28 - Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1879)
  • June 7 - Alan Turing, British mathematician (b. 1912)

July-December

  • July 3 - Reginald Maarsh, American artist (b. 1898)
  • July 11 - Henry Valentine Knaggs, English physician and author (b. 1859)
  • July 13 - Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (b. 1907)
  • July 13 - Grantland Rice, American sportswriter (b. 1880)
  • July 14 - Jacinto Benavente, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1866)
  • July 29 - Coen de Koning, Dutch speed skater (b. 1879)
  • August 24 - Getúlio Vargas, President of Brazil (b. 1882)
  • September 21 - Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese pearl farm pioneer (b. 1858)
  • November 3 - Henri Matisse, French painter (b. 1869)
  • November 16 - Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist (b. 1874)
  • November 28 - Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1901)
  • November 29 - Dink Johnson, American musician (b. 1892)
  • November 30 - Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (b. 1886)
  • December 8 - Claude Cahun, French photographer and writer (b. 1894)
  • December 23 - René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • December 30 - Archduke Eugen of Austria, Austrian field marshal (b. 1863)

Ship events

  • List of ship commissionings in 1954
  • List of ship decommissionings in 1954

Nobel prizes

Fields Medalists

  • Kunihiko Kodaira, Jean-Pierre Serre

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