1933

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1900s  1910s  1920s  - 1930s -   1940s   1950s   1960s
Years: 1930 1931 1932 - 1933 - 1934 1935 1936

Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1933

January

5 January: Golden Gate Bridge begun.
5 January: Golden Gate Bridge begun.
  • 5 January - Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay.
  • 11 January - Sir Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand.
  • 15 January - Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain.
  • 17 January - US Congress votes favorably for Philippines independence, against the view of President Herbert Hoover.
  • 28 January - The word Pakistan comes into being and is recognized by the Pakistan Movement to press for freedom.
  • 30 January
    • Edouard Daladier forms a government in France.
    • Nazi leader Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany by President of Germany Paul von Hindenburg.
    • The Lone Ranger debuts on radio.
17 January: Vote on Philippines.
17 January: Vote on Philippines.

February

  • 1 February - Adolf Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin.
  • 4 February - Mutiny starts on the Dutch pantserschip De Zeven Provinciën.
  • 6 February - The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution goes into effect.
  • 6 February- 7 February - Officers on the USS Ramapo record a 34-meter high sea-wave in the Pacific Ocean.
  • 9 February - The Oxford Union approves a resolution stating, "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and country."
  • 10 February - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
  • 15 February - In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead fatally wounds Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak.
  • 17 February
    • The magazine Newsweek is published for the first time.
    • The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.
  • 27 February - Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire (see: Reichstag fire).
  • 28 February - Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in response to Reichstag fire, nullifying many German civil liberties.
Feb.6: Wave of 34m/112ft.
Feb.6: Wave of 34 m/112 ft.

March

  • 2 March - The original film version of King Kong, starring Fay Wray, premieres at Radio City Music Hall and the RKO Roxy Theatre in New York City.
  • 3 March
  • 4 March
    • American President Herbert Hoover is succeeded by Franklin D. Roosevelt, who in reference to the Great Depression, gives his "The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself" inauguration speech. FDR is sworn in by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes. It would also be the last time Inauguration Day in the United States would occur on March 4.
    • Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, and the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
    • The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure - Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiates authoritarian rule by decree (see Austrofascism).
  • 5 March
  • 9 March - Great Depression: The U.S. Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation.
  • 10 March - Earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 117 people.
  • 12 March - Great Depression: Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This was also the first of his " Fireside Chats".
  • 15 March
    • The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises from $53.84 to $62.10. The day's gain of 15.34%, achieved during the depths of the Great Depression, remains to date as the largest one-day percentage gain for the index.
    • Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss keeps members of the National Council from convening, starting the austrofascist dictatorship.
  • 20 March - Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed - opened 22 March.
  • 23 March - The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
  • 24 March - Jews call for a boycott of German goods.
  • 27 March - Japan leaves the League of Nations.
  • 31 March - The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission to relieve rampant unemployment.

April

  • 1 April - The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
  • 3 April - Anti-monarchist rebellion in Siam (Thailand).
  • 4 April - US airship Akron crashes off the coast of New Jersey- leaves 73 dead.
  • 5 April
    • International court in the Hague decides that Greenland belongs to Denmark and condemns Norwegian landings on eastern Greenland. Norway submits to the decision.
    • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a National Emergency and makes it illegal for U.S. citizens to own gold.
  • 7 April
    • Beer is legalized in the U.S., eight months before the full repeal of Prohibition on December 5, 1933.
    • Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service passed in Germany
  • 11 April - Aviator William Lancaster takes off in England in an attempt to make a speed record to Cape. He vanishes (body is found 1962 in the Sahara Desert).
  • 19 April - The United States officially goes off the gold standard.
  • 21 April - Nazi Germany outlaws kosher ritual shechita.
  • 26 April
    • Gestapo established.
    • Editors of Harvard Lampoon steal the Sacred Cod of Massachusetts from the State House. It is returned two days later.
  • 27 April

May

  • 2 May
  • 3 May - Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman to be named director of the United States Mint.
  • 5 May - Detection by Karl Jansky of radio waves from the centre of the Milky Way galaxy is reported in the New York Times. The discovery leads to the birth of radio astronomy.
  • 8 May - Mohandas Gandhi begins a 3-week hunger strike because of the mistreatment of the lower castes
  • 10 May
  • 17 May - Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling - the national-socialist party of Norway.
  • 18 May - New Deal: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
  • 26 May - Nazi party in Germany introduces law to legalize eugenic sterilization
  • 27 May
    • New Deal: The Federal Securities Act is signed into law requiring the registration of securities with the Federal Trade Commission.
    • The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago.
    • Walt Disney's classic Silly Symphony cartoon The Three Little Pigs is first released.

June

  • 5 June - The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution (48 Stat. 112) nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
  • 6 June - The first drive-in theatre opens in Camden, New Jersey.
  • June 6 - AnnaMae Marie Flynn born in Philadelphia, PA
  • June 12 - London Economic Conference
  • June 12 - Anneliese Marie Frank born in Germany
  • 13 June - German Secret State Police (Gestapo) is established (but see April, above).
  • 17 June - In Kansas City, Missouri, Pretty Boy Floyd kills four unarmed FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash in a failed attempt to free Nash. This becomes known as the Union Station Massacre.
  • 21 June - All non-Nazi parties forbidden in Germany
  • 25 June - Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegate convention in Berlin
  • 26 June - American Totalisator Company unveils its first electronic pari-mutuel betting machine at Arlington Park racetrack near Chicago.

July

  • 4 July - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi sentenced to prison.
  • 6 July - The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
  • 14 July - Forming new political parties forbidden in Germany.
  • 20 July - Vatican state secretary Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) signed an accord with Hitler.
  • 22 July
    • Wiley Post becomes first person to fly solo around the world, traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours, and 45 minutes.
    • "Machine-Gun" Kelly and Albert Bates kidnap Charles Urschel, an Oklahoma oilman, and demand $200,000 ransom.
  • 24 July - Several members of the Barrow Gang are injured or captured during a running battle with local police near Dexter, Iowa.

August - September

  • August - The start of the Simele massacre more than 3,000 killed.
  • 1 August - The Blue Eagle emblem of the National Recovery Administration is displayed publicly for the first time.
  • 14 August - Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (971 km²).
  • 25 August - Diexi earthquake shook Mao County, Sichuan, China and killed 9,000 people.
  • 30 August - Assassination of Theodor Lessing in Marienbad ( Mariánské Lázně), Czechoslovakia
  • 30 August - Air France begins operations with 250 planes.
  • 3 September - Alejandro Lerroux forms a new government in Spain.
  • 12 September - Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
  • 26 September

October

  • 1 October - Failed assassination attempt against Englebert Dolfuss seriously injures him.
  • 10 October - A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed near Chesterton, Indiana by a bomb. This was the first proven case of air sabotage in commercial airline history.
  • 12 October - The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz is acquired by the United States Department of Justice, which plans to incorporate the island into its Federal Bureau of Prisons as a federal penitentiary.
  • 16 October - Germany announces intention to leave the League of Nations - officially
  • 17 October - Albert Einstein arrives in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

November

  • 5 November - Spanish Basques voted for autonomy.
  • 8 November - Great Depression: New Deal - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
  • 11 November - Dust Bowl: In South Dakota, a very strong dust storm strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands (this is just one of a series of disastrous dust storms that year).
  • 16 November
  • 19 November - General Elections in the Spanish Second Republic, victory by the parties of the right-wing.

December

  • 5 December - The 21st Amendment, repealing Prohibition in the United States, went into effect.
  • 21 December - British Plastics Federation founded - oldest plastics federation in the world
  • 24 December - Train crash in Lagny, France - over 200 dead
  • 26 December
    • The Nissan Motor Company was organized in Tokyo, Japan.
    • FM radio is patented.
  • 29 December - Members of the Iron Guard assassinate Ion Gheorghe Duca, prime minister of Romania

Undated

  • British Interplanetary Society founded
  • The chocolate chip cookie is invented by Ruth Wakefield.
  • The United States Federal Government ends Prohibition and outlaws cannabis.
  • Failed coup against Franklin Delano Roosevelt in United States (see Smedley Butler)
  • London Passenger Transport Board founded.
  • Jimmie Angel becomes the first foreigner to see the Angel Falls, they are named after him.
  • Nazi Germany forms the Expert Committee on Questions of Population and Racial Policy under Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick.
  • Holodomor took place in Ukraine.
  • The " Adélaïde Concerto," a spurious work attributed to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was published, as "edited" (actually composed) by Marius Casadesus.
  • Children and Young Persons Act 1933 is passed.

Births

1933 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1933
MCMXXXIII
Ab urbe condita 2686
Armenian calendar 1382
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԲ
Bahá'í calendar 89 – 90
Berber calendar 2883
Buddhist calendar 2477
Burmese calendar 1295
Byzantine calendar 7441 – 7442
Chinese calendar 壬申年十二月初六日
(4569/4629-12-6)
— to —
癸酉年十一月十五日
(4570/4630-11-15)
Coptic calendar 1649 – 1650
Ethiopian calendar 1925 – 1926
Hebrew calendar 5693 – 5694
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1988 – 1989
 - Shaka Samvat 18551856
 - Kali Yuga 5034 – 5035
Holocene calendar 11933
Iranian calendar 1311 – 1312
Islamic calendar 1351 – 1352
Japanese calendar Shōwa 8
(昭和8年)
Korean calendar 4266
Thai solar calendar 2476

January - February

  • 2 January - Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist and author
  • 6 January
    • Oleg Makarov, cosmonaut (d. 2003)
    • Emil Steinberger, Swiss comedian, director, and writer
  • 8 January - Charles Osgood, American journalist and commentator
  • 9 January - Robert Garcia, American politician
  • 14 January - Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
  • 16 January - Susan Sontag, American author (d. 2004)
  • 17 January
    • Dalida, French singer (d. 1987)
    • Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan, French UN High Commissioner for Refugees (d. 2003)
  • 18 January - John Boorman, English film director
  • 23 January - Chita Rivera, American actress and dancer
  • 25 January
    • John Graham, President of the American Nuclear Society
    • Corazon Aquino, President of the Philippines
  • 6 February - Leslie Crowther, British TV comedian & game show host (d. 1996)
  • 7 February - John Anderton, English footballer
  • 8 February - Elly Ameling, Dutch soprano
  • 12 February - Costa-Gavras, Greek-born director and writer
  • 13 February - Kim Novak, American actress
  • 14 February - Madhubala, Indian actress (d. 1969)
  • 17 February - Craig Thomas, American Senator (d. 2007)
  • 18 February - Yoko Ono, Japanese-born singer and artist, wife of John Lennon
  • 21 February - Nina Simone, American singer (d. 2003)
  • 22 February - Katharine, Duchess of Kent
  • 27 February - Raymond Berry, American football player

March - April

  • 6 March - Ted Abernathy, baseball player (d. 2004)
  • 7 March - Jackie Blanchflower, Irish footballer (d. 1998)
  • 13 March - Mike Stoller, American songwriter
  • 14 March
    • Michael Caine, English actor
    • Quincy Jones, American music producer and composer
    • René Felber, Swiss Federal Councilor
  • 15 March
    • Ruth Bader Ginsburg, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
    • Roy Clark, American musician
  • 16 March - Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist
  • 19 March - Philip Roth, American author
  • 22 March - May Britt, Swedish actress
  • 1 April - Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 5 April
    • Larry Felser, American sports columnist
    • Frank Gorshin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • 6 April - Roy Goode, British legal academic
  • 12 April
    • Montserrat Caballé, Catalan soprano
    • Ben Nighthorse Campbell, U.S. Senator
  • 15 April - Elizabeth Montgomery, American actress (d. 1995)
  • 16 April - Joan Bakewell, British broadcaster
  • 18 April - Michael Bradshaw, British Actor
  • 19 April - Jayne Mansfield, American actress (d. 1967)
  • 24 April - Claire Davenport, British actress (d. 2002)
  • 25 April - Jerry Leiber, American composer
  • 26 April
    • Carol Burnett, American actress, singer, and comedienne
    • Ilkka Kuusisto, Finnish composer
    • Arno Allan Penzias, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 29 April - Mark Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium

May - June

  • 3 May
    • James Brown, American musician (d. 2006)
    • Steven Weinberg, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 4 May - J. Fred Duckett, Texan Sports announcer and teacher (d. 2007)
  • 7 May
    • Johnny Unitas, American football player (d. 2002)
    • Nexhmije Pagarusha, Albanian singer and actress
  • 10 May - Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer
  • 11 May - Louis Farrakhan, American Black Muslim leader
  • 21 May - Maurice André, French trumpeter
  • 22 May - Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician (D. 1996 )
  • 23 May - Joan Collins, English actress
  • 25 May - Ray Spencer, English footballer
  • 26 May - Edward Whittemore, American writer and Central Intelligence agent (d. 1995)
  • 29 May
    • Marc Carbonneau, Canadian terrorist
    • Helmuth Rilling, German conductor
  • 1 June - Charles Wilson, American politician
  • 6 June - Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 8 June - Joan Rivers, American comedian
  • 11 June - Gene Wilder, American actor
  • 14 June - Vladislav Rastorotsky, Soviet gymnastics coach
  • 17 June
    • Harry Browne, American writer and Presidential candidate (d. 2006)
    • Maurice Stokes, American basketball player (d. 1970)
  • 19 June - Viktor Patsayev, cosmonaut (d. 1971)
  • 20 June - Danny Aiello, American actor
  • 23 June - Dave Bristol, baseball manager
  • 26 June - Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
  • 29 June - John Bradshaw, American theologian and educator

July - August

  • 6 July - Frank Austin, English footballer
  • 7 July
    • Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner
    • David McCullough, American historian and author
  • 8 July - Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (d. 1982)
  • 11 July - Bob McGrath, American actor
  • 15 July
    • Julian Bream, English guitarist and lutenist
    • Guido Crepax, Italian comics artist (d. 2003)
  • 17 July - Bruce Wells, boxer/actor
  • 20 July
    • Cormac McCarthy, Pulitzer Prize winning and National Book Award winning author
    • Buddy Knox, American singer (d. 1999)
  • 21 July - John Gardner, American novelist (d. 1982)
  • 23 July - Bert Convy, American game show host, actor, and singer (d. 1991)
  • 26 July - Kathryn Hays, American actress/Soap opera star
  • 1 August
    • Dom DeLuise, American actor and comedian
    • Jesse Corti, Venezuelan-born actor and comedian
  • 2 August - Tom Bell, English actor (d. 2006)
  • 8 August - Joe Tex, American soul singer (d. 1982)
  • 10 August - Doyle Brunson, American poker player
  • 11 August - Jerry Falwell, American evangelist (d. 2007)
  • 14 August - Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 15 August - Jim Lange, American disc jockey and game show host
  • 16 August
    • Julie Newmar, American actress
    • Stuart Roosa, astronaut (d. 1994)
  • 20 August - George J. Mitchell, former United States Senator
  • 21 August
    • Janet Baker, English mezzo-soprano
    • Barry Norman, English film critic
  • 23 August - Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 25 August - Tom Skerritt, American actor
  • 29 August - Arnold Koller, Swiss Federal Councilor

September - October

  • 1 September
    • Conway Twitty, country music artist (d. 1993)
    • Ann Richards, Governor of Texas (d. 2006)
  • 2 September
  • 4 September - The Great Gyan Deo Mishra was born, Canadian Postal Legend (d. 2007)
    • Mathieu Kérékou, President of Benin
    • Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor
  • 9 September - Michael Novak, American philosopher and author
  • 10 September - Yevgeny Khrunov, cosmonaut (d. 2000)
  • 13 September - Eileen Fulton, American actress/Soap opera star
  • 17 September - Dorothy Loudon, American actress (d. 2003)
  • 18 September - Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey coach
  • 15 September - Rafael Frübeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor
  • 25 September - Hubie Brown, American basketball coach and broadcaster
  • 26 September - Donna Douglas, American actress
  • 9 October - Peter Mansfield, British physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 10 October - Jay Sebring, American hair stylist (murdered) (b. 1933)
  • 17 October - Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun and singer (d. 1985)
  • 24 October
    • Reginald Kray, British gangster
    • Ronald Kray, British gangster
    • Norman Rush, American writer

November - December

  • 3 November
    • Michael Dukakis, American politician and 1988 Democratic Presidential candidate
    • Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 19 November - Larry King, American talk show host
  • 23 November - Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer
  • 26 November - Robert Goulet, American entertainer (d. 2007)
  • 1 December - Lou Rawls, American singer (d. 2006)
    • Fujiko F. Fujio, Japanese cartoon artist (d. 1996)
  • 2 December - Michael Larrabee, American athlete (d. 2003)
  • 3 December - Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 6 December - Henryk Górecki, Polish composer
  • 9 December - Orville Moody, American golfer (d. 2008)
  • 17 December - Walter Booker, American jazz bassist (d. 2006)
  • 20 December - Jean Carnahan, American politician
  • 23 December - Emperor Akihito of Japan
  • 26 December
    • Ugly Dave Gray, Australian television personality
    • Carroll Spinney, American puppeteer

Undated

  • Augusto Odone, creator of Lorenzo's Oil

Deaths

January - June

  • 1 January - Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (b. 1876)
  • 3 January
    • Wilhelm Cuno, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
    • Jack Pickford, Canadian-born actor (b. 1896)
  • 5 January - Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (b. 1872)
  • 7 January - Bert Hinkler, Australian pioneer aviator (b. 1892)
  • 29 January - Thomas Coward, ornithologist (b. 1867)
  • 31 January - John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • 12 February - Henri Duparc, French composer (b. 1848)
  • 15 February - Pat Sullivan, Australian-born director and producer of animated films (b. 1887)
  • 18 February - James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866)
  • 1 March - Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)
  • 6 March - Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (assassinated) (b. 1873)
  • 14 March - Balto, American sled dog
  • 20 March - Giuseppe Zangara, attempted assassin of Franklin D. Roosevelt (b. 1900)
  • 26 March - Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902)
  • 3 April - William A. Moffett, U.S. admiral (sinking of the USS Akron) (b. 1869)
  • 22 April - Henry Royce, English car manufacturer (b. 1863)
  • 24 May - Percy C. Mather, missionary
  • 26 May - Jimmie Rodgers, American singer (b. 1897)
  • 2 June - Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878)
  • 29 June - Fatty Arbuckle, American comedian (b. 1887)

July - December

  • 3 July - Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (b. 1852)
  • 15 July
    • Irving Babbitt, American literary critic (b. 1865)
    • Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (b. 1890)
  • 20 September - Annie Besant, English women's rights activist, writer and orator.(b. 1847)
  • 5 October - Renée Adorée, French actress (b. 1898)
  • 30 November - Arthur Currie, Canadian military leader (b. 1875)
  • 4 December - Stefan George, German poet (b. 1868)
  • 8 December - Karl Jatho, German airplane pioneer (b. 1873)
  • 17 December - Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (b. 1876)
  • 19 December - George Jackson Churchward, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (b. 1857)
  • 25 December - Francesc Macià, President of the Generalitat (autonomous government of Catalonia) (b. 1859)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Erwin Schrödinger, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
  • Chemistry - not awarded
  • Physiology or Medicine - Thomas Hunt Morgan
  • Literature - Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin
  • Peace - Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)

Ship events

  • List of ship launches in 1933
  • List of ship commissionings in 1933
  • List of ship decommissionings in 1933

Retrieved from " http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1933"
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