1924

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1890s  1900s  1910s  - 1920s -   1930s   1940s   1950s
Years: 1921 1922 1923 - 1924 - 1925 1926 1927

Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar.

Events of 1924

January

  • 7 January - Great fire in London harbour.
  • 10 January - British submarine L-34 sinks in the English Channel - forty-three dead.
  • 12 January - Gopinath Saha shoots a man he erroneously thinks is a Police commissioner of Calcutta, Charles Augustus Tegart - he is arrested soon after.
  • 21 January - Vladimir Lenin dies and Joseph Stalin begins to purge his rivals to clear way for his leadership.
  • 22 January - Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister.
  • 23 January - Soviet Union officially declares that Lenin died 21 January.
  • 25 January - The 1924 Winter Olympics open in Chamonix, France (in the French Alps), inaugurating the Winter Olympic Games.
  • 26 January - Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) is renamed Leningrad.
  • 27 January - Lenin is buried in a mausoleum (Lenin's Tomb) in Moscow's Red Square.

February

  • 1 February - The United Kingdom recognizes Soviet Union.
  • 4 February - Mohandas Gandhi is released prematurely on medical grounds.
  • 5 February - GMT: Hourly time signals from Royal Greenwich Observatory are broadcasted for the first time.
  • 7 February - Death penalty: The first state execution using gas in the United States takes place in Nevada.
  • 12 February - Rhapsody in Blue, by George Gershwin, first performed in New York City at Aeolian Hall.
  • 14 February - IBM corporation founded.
  • 16 February- 26 February - Dock strike in US harbors.
  • 22 February - Calvin Coolidge becomes the first President of the United States to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.

March

  • Adolf Hitler begins dictating his book, Mein Kampf (or in English, My Struggle), while imprisoned in Bavaria.
  • 1 March - Diana Vreeland, fashion editor and columnist, marries Thomas Reed Vreeland at St. Thomas's church in New York.
  • 3 March - The 1400-year-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdul Mejid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of President Kemal Atatürk.
  • 8 March - Castle Gate mine disaster kills 172 coal miners in Utah, United States
  • 9 March - Italy annexes Fiume
  • 25 March - Greece proclaims it is a republic.
  • 29 March - Third Ministry of Raymond Poincaré starts in France.

April

  • 1 April
    • Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the Beer Hall Putsch. He will serve only nine months.
    • First revenue flight for Belgium's SABENA Airlines.
  • 6 April - Fascists win elections in Italy with ⅔ majority.
  • 13 April - Referendum in Greece favors the formation of Hellenic Republic.
  • 13 April - A.E.K is founded.
  • 16 April - American Media company Metro Goldwyn Mayer is founded.
  • 26 April - Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his " death ray" in London but fails to convince British War Office
  • 27 April - Group of Alawites kill some Christian nuns in Syria – French troops march against them.

May

  • 3 May - The Aleph Zadik Aleph, the oldest Jewish youth fraternity, founded.
  • 4 May - The 1924 Summer Olympics opening ceremonies held in Paris, France.
  • 10 May - J. Edgar Hoover is appointed head the Bureau of Investigation.
  • 11 May - Mercedes-Benz formed by the merging companies owned by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz.
  • 21 May - University of Chicago students Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold, Jr. murder 14-year-old Bobby Franks in a thrill killing.

June

  • 1 June - Harry Grindell Matthews returns from Paris to London - he tries to use a Pathe film to demonstrate that his death ray works
  • 2 June - U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 into law, granting citizenship to all Native Americans born within the territorial limits of the United States.
  • 3 June - Franz Kafka dies in Vienna, Austria. His death is attributed to starvation, brought on by worsening Tuberculosis
  • 5 June - Ernst Alexanderson sends the first facsimile across the Atlantic Ocean (to his father in Sweden).
  • 7 June - Ed Farhat, "The Original Sheik", is born.
  • 8 June - George Mallory and Andrew Irvine are last seen "going strong for the top" of Mount Everest by teammate Noel Odell at 12:50 PM. The two mountaineers were never seen alive again.
  • 10 June - Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
  • 12 June - the Roundout Heist - Six men of Egan's Rats gang rob a mail train in Roundout, Illinois. Robbery is later found to have been an inside job
  • 16 June - Whampoa Military Academy is founded.
  • 23 June - American airman Russell L. Maughan flew from New York to San Francisco in 21 hours and 48 minutes on a dawn-to-dusk flight in a Curtiss pursuit

July

  • 17 July - Voting in federal elections becomes compulsory in Australia, after a private member's bill proposed by Tasmanian Nationalist senator Herbert Payne results in the passing of the Commonwealth Electoral (Compulsory Voting) Act 1924.
  • 20 July - A Soviet sports newspaper Sovetskiy Sport is founded.

August

  • 18 August - France begins to withdraw its troops from Germany.
  • 28 August - Georgia rose against the Soviet Union in the abortive rebellion in which several thousands died.

September

  • 9 September
    • Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii
    • 8-hour work day introduced in Belgium
  • 9 September - 11 - 1924 Kohat riots

October

  • 2 October - The Geneva Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.
  • 10 October - Alpha Delta Gamma National Fraternity is founded at the Lake Shore Campus of Loyola University, Chicago.
  • 19 October - Abdul Azis declares himself protector of holy places in Mecca.
  • 22 October - Toastmasters is founded.
  • 24 October
    • British Foreign Office publishes Zinoviev Letter.
    • Dixie Dean scores a hat-trick for Tranmere Rovers to become the youngest ever player to score three goals for The Superwhites
  • 25 October - British authorities in India arrest Subhas Chandra Bose and jail him for the next two and half years
  • 27 October - The Uzbek SSR joins the Soviet Union.

November

  • 4 November
    • Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming elected as the first woman governor in the United States.
    • Calvin Coolidge defeats John W. Davis in the U.S. presidential election
  • 19 November - In Los Angeles, California, famous silent film director Thomas Ince ("The Father of the Western") dies, reportedly of a heart attack, in his bed (rumors soon surface that he was shot dead by publishing tycoon William Randolph Hearst).
  • 27 November - In New York City the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held.

December

  • 1 December
    • Failed communist coup attempt in Estonia.
    • Premiere of George Gershwin's Lady Be Good, with the song Fascinating Rhythm (book by Guy Bolton and Fred Thompson, lyrics by Ira Gershwin), New York, NY.
  • 19 December - Fritz Haarmann sentenced to death for a series of murders.
  • 24 December
    • Air crash in Croydon air field - 8 dead.
    • Albania becomes a republic.

Undated

  • The powerful opiate, hydromorphone is developed in Germany.
  • Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first one-hand bareback rigging at Stirling, Alberta Canada
  • Alice Vanderbilt Morris, a wealthy heiress, founds the International Auxiliary Language Association in New York
  • André Breton defines surrealism as "pure psychic automatism" in the first Surrealist Manifesto.
  • US bootleggers begin to use Thompson SMGs.
  • Earth Inductor Compass

Births

1924 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1924
MCMXXIV
Ab urbe condita 2677
Armenian calendar 1373
ԹՎ ՌՅՀԳ
Bahá'í calendar 80 – 81
Berber calendar 2874
Buddhist calendar 2468
Burmese calendar 1286
Byzantine calendar 7432 – 7433
Chinese calendar 癸亥年十一月廿五日
(4560/4620-11-25)
— to —
甲子年十二月初六日
(4561/4621-12-6)
Coptic calendar 1640 – 1641
Ethiopian calendar 19161917
Hebrew calendar 5684 – 5685
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1979 – 1980
 - Shaka Samvat 18461847
 - Kali Yuga 5025 – 5026
Holocene calendar 11924
Iranian calendar 1302 – 1303
Islamic calendar 1342 – 1343
Japanese calendar Taishō 13
(大正13年)
Korean calendar 4257
Thai solar calendar 2467

January-February

  • 1 January - Roberts Blossom, American actor and poet
  • 3 January - Hank Stram, American football coach and broadcaster (d. 2005)
  • 4 January - Walter Ris, American freestyle swimmer
  • 6 January - Earl Scruggs, American musician
  • 10 January - Max Roach, American percussionist, drummer, and composer (d. 2007)
  • 11 January
    • Roger Guillemin, French neuroendocrinologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • Sam B. Hall, American politician (d. 1994)
    • Slim Harpo, American musician (d. 1970)
  • 12 January - Olivier Gendebien, Belgian race car driver (d. 1998)
  • 16 January - Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
  • 19 January - Jean-Francois Revel, French author (d. 2006)
  • 26 January - Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1998)
  • 27 January - Sabu, Indian actor (d. 1963)
  • 29 January - Luigi Nono, Italian composer (d. 1990)
  • 30 January - Lloyd Alexander, American writer (d. 2007)
  • 2 February - Elfi von Dassanowsky, Austrian-born producer and musician
  • 7 February - Hattie Jacques, English star of the Carry On films (d. 1980)
  • 9 February - George Guest, Welsh choral conductor (d. 2002)
  • 17 February - Margaret Truman, American novelist and only child of Harry S. Truman and Bess Truman
  • 19 February - Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 20 February
    • Gerson Goldhaber, particle physicist and Astrophysicist
    • Gloria Vanderbilt, American cosmetics entrepreneur
  • 21 February - Robert Mugabe, first Prime Minister of Zimbabwe
  • 23 February - Allan McLeod Cormack, South African physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1998)
  • 29 February - Al Rosen, baseball player

March-April

  • 1 March - Deke Slayton, astronaut (d. 1993)
  • 2 March - Wendell Wise Mayes, Jr. He received the first Wendell Mayes, Jr. Medal in 1986. The Diabetes Association named the highest award given to non-medical professional volunteers, in his honour.
  • 3 March - John Woodnutt, British actor (d. 2006)
  • 3 March - Lilian Velez, Filipino actress (d. 1948)
  • 4 March - Kenneth O'Donnell, aide to US President John F. Kennedy (d. 1977)
  • 7 March - Kōbō Abe, Japanese novelist (d. 1993)
  • 15 March - Walter Gotell, German actor (d. 1997)
  • 27 March - Sarah Vaughan, American jazz singer (d. 1990)
  • 28 March - Freddie Bartholomew, British actor (d. 1992)
  • 30 March - Alan Davidson, British author (d. 2003)
  • 1 April - Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
  • 3 April
    • Marlon Brando, American actor (d. 2004)
    • Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand author (d. 2005)
    • Doris Day, American actress
  • 4 April - Gil Hodges, American baseball player (d. 1972)
  • 6 April - Jimmy Roberts, American singer, The Lawrence Welk Show (d. 1999)
  • 7 April - Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer
  • 12 April - Raymond Barre, French politician and Prime Minister (d. 2007)
  • 15 April - Sir Neville Marriner, English conductor and violinist
  • 16 April - Henry Mancini, American composer and arranger (d. 1994)
  • 18 April
    • Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, American blues musician (d. 2005)
    • Henry Hyde, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 19 April - Al Balding, Canadian golfer (d. 2006)
  • 23 April - Bobby Rosengarden, American jazz drummer (d. 2007)
  • 24 April - Clement Freud, British writer, radio personality, and politician

May-June

  • 1 May - Art Fleming, American actor, game show host, original host of Jeopardy!. (d. 1995)
  • 11 May - Antony Hewish, English radio astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
  • 12 May - Tony Hancock, English comedian (d. 1968)
  • 13 May - Beatrice Arthur, Actress, Golden Girls star
  • 18 May - Priscilla Pointer, American actress
  • 19 May - Sandy Wilson, British composer
  • 22 May - Charles Aznavour, French singer, actor, and songwriter
  • 24 May
    • Vincent Cronin, British historical writer and biographer
    • Maria Koepcke, ornithologist
  • 1 June - Dr. William Sloane Coffin, American clergyman (d. 2006)
  • 2 June - June Callwood, Canadian journalist, author & social activist (d. 2007)
  • 3 June
    • Ted Mallie, American radio and television announcer (d. 1999)
    • Torsten Wiesel, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
    • Herk Harvey, American film director (d. 1996)
  • 4 June - Dennis Weaver, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 12 June - George Herbert Walker Bush, 41st President of the United States
  • 15 June - Ezer Weizman, 7th President of Israel (d. 2005)
  • 18 June - George Mikan, basketball player (d. 2005)
  • 20 June
    • Chet Atkins, American country guitar player and producer (d. 2001)
    • Audie Murphy, American World War II hero and actor (d. 1971)
  • 24 June
    • Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 2008)
    • Brian Bevan, Australian rugby league footballer (d. 1991)
  • 27 June - Bob Appleyard, English cricketer
  • 29 June
    • Flo Sandon's, Italian singer
    • Ezra Laderman, American composer

July-August

  • 3 July - S. R. Nathan, 6th president of Singapore
  • 4 July - Eva Marie Saint, American actress
  • 5 July
    • Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (d. 2001)
    • Osman Lins, Brazilian novelist (d. 1978)
    • János Starker, Hungarian cellist
  • 11 July
    • Brett Somers, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
    • Charlie Tully, Northern Irish footballer (d. 1971)
  • 13 July
    • Carlo Bergonzi, Italian tenor
    • Johnny Gilbert, American game show announcer
  • 14 July - James W. Black, Scottish pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • 15 July - Makhmud Esambayev, Chechen dancer (d. 2000)
  • 19 July - Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician
  • 21 July - Don Knotts, American actor (d. 2006)
  • 28 July - Anne Braden, American civil rights activist (d. 2006)
  • 29 July - Elizabeth Short, American actress, also known as 'The Black Dahlia' (d. 1947)
  • 1 August
    • Georges Charpak, Ukrainian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
    • King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
  • 2 August - Carroll O'Connor, American actor (d. 2001)
  • 3 August - Leon Uris, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 7 August - Kenneth Kendall, British newsreader and presenter
  • 12 August
    • Derek Shackleton, English cricketer (d. 2007)
    • Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, leader of Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • 15 August - Robert Bolt, English writer (d. 1995)
  • 23 August - Robert Solow, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 28 August - Peggy Ryan, American actress (d. 2004)
  • 29 August - Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican songwriter (d. 2005)
  • 30 August - Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (d. 2004)
  • 31 August - Buddy Hackett, American comedian and actor (d. 2003)

September-October

  • 2 September - Daniel arap Moi, President of Kenya
  • 4 September
    • Joan Aiken, English writer (d. 2004)
    • Anita Snellman, Finnish painter (d. 2006)
  • 5 September - Paul Dietzel, College football coach
  • 8 September - Mimi Parent, Canadian painter (d. 2005)
  • 9 September - Rik Van Steenbergen, Belgian cyclist (d. 2003)
  • 11 September
    • Tom Landry, American football player and coach (d. 2000)
    • Rudolf Vrba, escapee from Auscwitz (d. 2006)
  • 14 September - Abioseh Nicol, Sierra Leonean diplomat and author (d. 1994)
  • 15 September - Bobby Short, American entertainer (d. 2005)
  • 16 September - Lauren Bacall, Famous celebrity, American actress
  • 19 September - Don Harron, Canadian entertainer
  • 20 September - Hermann Buhl, Austrian mountaineer (d. 1957)
  • 22 September
    • Charles Keeping, English illustrator (d. 1988)
    • Rosamunde Pilcher, English novelist
  • 26 September - Nina Bocharova, Soviet gymnast
  • 27 September - Bernard Waber, American children's author
  • 30 September - Truman Capote, American author (d. 1984)
  • 1 October
  • 8 October - Alphons Egli, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 10 October
    • Margaret Fulton, Australian Food Writer
    • Ed Wood, American filmmaker (d. 1978)
  • 11 October - Mal Whitfield, American athlete
  • 14 October - Robert Webber, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 15 October - Mark Lenard, American actor (d. 1996)
  • 21 October - Celia Cruz, Cuban singer (d. 2003)
  • 24 October - Christine Glanville English puppeteer ( d. 1999

November-December

  • 6 November - Jeanette Schmid, famous whistler (d. 2005)
  • 10 November - Russell Johnson, American actor
  • 13 November - Motoo Kimura, Japanese population geneticist (d. 1994)
  • 19 November - William Russell, British actor
  • 20 November - Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-born mathematician
  • 23 November - Anita Linda, Filipino actress
  • 24 November - Mel Patton, American athlete
  • 25 November - Takaaki Yoshimoto, Japanese poet, critic, and philosopher.
  • 28 November - Dennis Brutus, South African poet and anti-Apartheid activist
  • 2 December - Alexander M. Haig, Jr., American politician
  • 3 December - Francisco Sionil José, Filipino novelist, Philippine National Artist for Literature
  • 6 December - Wally Cox, television and motion picture actor. (d.1973)
  • 12 December - Ed Koch, Mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989
  • 25 December
    • Rod Serling, American television screenwriter (d. 1975)
    • Atal Behari Vajpayee, tenth Prime Minister of India
    • Moktar Ould Daddah, first President of Mauritania (d. 2003)
  • 28 December - Milton Obote, President of Uganda (d. 2005)
  • 31 December
    • Taylor Mead, American actor
    • Frank J. Kelley, 50th Michigan Attorney General

Deaths

January - June

  • 2 January - Sabine Baring-Gould, English composer and novelist (b. 1834)
  • 4 January - John Peters, American 19th century baseball player (b. 1850)
  • 13 January - Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (b. 1834)
  • 16 January - Licerio Gerónimo, Filipino military leader (b. 1855)
  • 21 January - Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary and first Premier of the Soviet Union (b. 1870)
  • 24 January - Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1894)
  • 3 February - Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1856)
  • 9 March - Panagiotis Danglis, Greek military leader and politician (b. 1853)
  • 24 March - Prince Kwacho Hirotada of Japan (b. 1902)
  • 21 April - Eleonora Duse, Italian actress (b. 1858)
  • 4 May - E. Nesbit, English author (b. 1858)
  • 15 May - Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, French diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1852)
  • 24 May - Victor Herbert, Irish dramatist (b. 1859)
  • 3 June - Franz Kafka, Austrian author (b. 1883)
  • 9 June - George Mallory, English mountain climber (lost on Mount Everest) (b. 1886)
  • 9 June - Andrew Irvine, English mountain climber (lost on Mount Everest) (b. 1902)
  • 11 June - Théodore Dubois, French composer and teacher (b. 1837)

July - December

  • 14 July - Isabella Stewart Gardner, art collector and philanthropist
  • 23 July - Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar (b. 1860)
  • 27 July - Ferruccio Busoni, Italian pianist and composer (b. 1866)
  • 3 August - Joseph Conrad, Polish-born author (b. 1857)
  • 7 August - Bruce Grit, ex-slave and Negro historian
  • 17 August - Pavel Urysohn, Russian mathematician (b. 1898)
  • 25 August - Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (b. 1818)
  • 31 August - Todor Aleksandrov, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1881)
  • 6 September - Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (b. 1868)
  • 15 September - Frank Chance, baseball player and manager (b. 1877)
  • 12 October - Anatole France, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1844)
  • 29 October - John Marden, Australian Headmaster and pioneer of women's education (b. 1855)
  • 4 November - Gabriel Fauré, French composer (b. 1845)
  • 10 November - Sir Archibald Geikie, Scottish geologist (b. 1835)
  • 29 November - Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer (b. 1858)
  • 2 December - Kazimieras Būga, Lithuanian linguist (b. 1879)
  • 6 December - Gene Stratton-Porter, American author, screenwriter and naturalist (b. 1863)
  • 29 December - Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • 31 December - Sir Samuel William Knaggs, British civil servant (b. 1856)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Manne Siegbahn
  • Chemistry - Not awarded
  • Physiology or Medicine - Willem Einthoven
  • Literature - Władysław Stanisław Reymont
  • Peace - Not awarded

Table of Contents

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