1913

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1880s  1890s  1900s  - 1910s -   1920s   1930s   1940s
Years: 1910 1911 1912 - 1913 - 1914 1915 1916

Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1913

January

  • 13 January
    • Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated, a Social Sorority, is founded on the campus of Howard University by twenty-two collegiate women.
    • The Irish Ulster Volunteers are reoganized into the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) by the Ulster Unionist Party, with the intention of defending Ulster against Home Rule.
  • 23 January - Coup of 1913 in the Ottoman Empire, lead by Enver Pasha; the CUP overthrew the Liberal Union coalition and introduced a military dictatorship.
  • 30 January - House of Lords rejects third Irish Home Rule Bill.

February

1 February: New York's Grand Central building as rebuilt (c.1911).
1 February: New York's Grand Central building as rebuilt (c.1911).
  • 1 February - New York City's Grand Central Terminal, having been rebuilt, reopens as the world's largest train station.
  • 3 February - The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution is ratified, authorizing the Federal government to impose and collect income taxes.
  • 4 February - Trial of the remnants of the Bonnot gang begins.
  • 9 February - "The Great Fireball Procession": a chain of slow, large meteors moving from northwest to southeast is sighted over North America, particularly in Canada.
  • 17 February - The Armory Show opens in New York City. It displays works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century.

March

  • 3 March - The First Women's Suffrage March.
  • March - Outpouring of monarchist sentiment in Russia when the House of Romanov celebrates the 300th anniversary of their succession to the throne.
  • 4 March
4 March: Wilson sworn in as the 28th president of the United States.
4 March: Wilson sworn in as the 28th president of the United States.
  • 7 March - British freighter Alum Chine carrying 343 tons of dynamite explodes in Baltimore harbour.
  • 10 March - Civil Rights activist Harriet Tubman dies of pneumonia.
  • 12 March - Australia begins building the new federal capital of Canberra.
  • 13 March - Mexican Revolution - Pancho Villa returns to Mexico from his self-imposed exile in USA.
  • 18 March - King George I of Greece is assassinated.
  • 20 March - Sung Chiao-jen, a founder of the Chinese nationalist party ( KMT) is wounded in an assassination attempt and dies 2 days after.
  • 25 March
    • Venustiano Carranza announces his Plan of Guadalupe and begins his rebellion against Victoriano Huerta's government as the head of " Constitutionals."
    • 2 days of rain in the Miami Valley flood the region and mark the worst natural disaster in Ohio's recorded history. Dayton is especially devastated in this great flood.
  • 26 March - Balkan War: Bulgarian forces take Adrianople.
12 March: Canberra begins building the new capital of Australia.
12 March: Canberra begins building the new capital of Australia.

April

  • 8 April - Passing of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, dictating the direct election of senators.
  • 24 April - Woolworth Building opening ceremony.

May

  • May - The painting September Morn creates a national sensation in the USA and results in a court case.
  • 13 May - Igor Sikorsky becomes the first person to pilot a four engine aircraft.
  • 14 May - New York Governor William Sulzer approves the charter for the Rockefeller Foundation which begins operations with a $100,000,000 donation from John D. Rockefeller.
  • 29 May - Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris causing a riot that very night.
  • 30 May - First Balkan War: A peace treaty is signed in London ending the war.

June

  • June - First edition of the Christian Esoteric magazine Rays from the Rose Cross in the United States; still issued bimonthly till today.
  • 4 June - Emily Davison, a suffragette, runs out in front of the king's horse, Anmer, at the Epsom Derby. She was trampled and died four days later in the hospital, never having regained consciousness.
  • 13 June - Great Gorge and International Railway trolley and passengers are buried under the contents of an overhead garbage chute that broke in Niagara Falls, New York.
  • 15 June - Bud Bagsak Massacre: US troops under General John 'Black Jack' Pershing kill at least 2,000 civilians, Bud Bagsak, Philippines. (Disputed: First Battle of Bud Dajo)
  • 24 June - Joseph Cook becomes the 6th Prime Minister of Australia.

July

  • 3 July - Commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg draws thousands of American Civil War veterans and their families to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • 10 July - Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C) which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States (as of 2004).

August

  • 4 August - In China, province of Chungking declares independence. Chinese Republican forces crush the rebellion in a couple of weeks
  • 10 August - Division of Macedonia after the second Balkan War, according to the Treaty of Bucharest
  • 13 August - Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley in Sheffield.
  • 15 August - Start of Dublin Strike & Lockout, all trade union members dismissed
  • 20 August - 700 feet above Buc, France, parachutist Adolphe Pegond jumps from an airplane and lands safely.

September

  • 19 September - Francis Ouimet wins the U.S. Open by five strokes to become the first amateur to ever win the event
  • 23 September - French aviator Roland Garros flies over the Mediterranean
  • 29 September
    • Rudolf Diesel disappears en route to Britain
    • Pancho Villa is elected commander of the "Northern Division" of the Constitutionals

October

  • 1 October - Villa's troops take Torreon after a three-day battle when government troops retreat
  • 3 October - The United States Revenue Act of 1913 re-imposes the federal income tax and lowers basic tariff rates from 40% to 25%.
  • 10 October - US President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, ending construction on the Panama Canal.
  • 19 October - Founding of the DLRG (German Life Saving Society)

November

  • November 1st - 56,654: Highest number of Panama Canal employees recorded since construction began in 1904.
  • 5 November - The insane king Otto of Bavaria is deposed by his cousin, Prince Regent Ludwig, who assumed the title Ludwig III.
  • 6 November - Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
  • 7 November- 11 - The Great Lakes Storm of 1913 kills more than 250.

December

  • 1 December
    • Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line, reducing chassis assembly time from 12½ hours in October to 2 hours, 40 minutes (although Ford was not the first to use an assembly line, his successful adoption of one did spark an era of mass production).
    • Crete, having obtained self rule from Turkey after the first Balkan war, is annexed by Greece.
  • 12 December
    • Emperor of Ethiopia Menelik II dies and is succeeded by his grandson Iyasu V of Ethiopia.
    • Vincenzo Perugia tries to sell Mona Lisa in Florence and is arrested.
  • 21 December - Arthur Wynne's "word-cross", the first crossword puzzle, is published in the New York World.
  • 23 December - The Federal Reserve is created by Woodrow Wilson.
  • 30 December - Italy returns Mona Lisa to France.
  • December - Bombay India Gateway of India constructed to commemorate first entry of Queen Victoria to India.

Undated

  • Female suffrage in Norway
  • British steamship Calvadas disappears in the Marmara Sea with 200 hands on board.
  • de Sitter: shows speed of light is independent of speed of source.
  • Sagnac: shows speed of light depends on speed of rotating platform.
  • Camel cigarettes are introduced.
  • First publication of Journal of Ecology.
  • National Temperance Council founded to promote the temperance movement.
  • United States Soccer Federation is formed.
  • The modern zipper is invented.
  • The cities of Winston, North Carolina and Salem, North Carolina officially merged to become Winston-Salem.
  • End of Portuguese immigration to the Hawaiian Islands (1878-1913).
  • The value of world trade roughly $38 billion.
  • Schools founded: The Hockaday School, Crescent School.

Ongoing

  • First Balkan War.

Births

1913 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1913
MCMXIII
Ab urbe condita 2666
Armenian calendar 1362
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԲ
Bahá'í calendar 69 – 70
Berber calendar 2863
Buddhist calendar 2457
Burmese calendar 1275
Byzantine calendar 7421 – 7422
Chinese calendar 壬子年十一月廿四日
(4549/4609-11-24)
— to —
癸丑年十二月初五日
(4550/4610-12-5)
Coptic calendar 1629 – 1630
Ethiopian calendar 19051906
Hebrew calendar 5673 – 5674
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 19681969
 - Shaka Samvat 1835 – 1836
 - Kali Yuga 5014 – 5015
Holocene calendar 11913
Iranian calendar 1291 – 1292
Islamic calendar 1331 – 1332
Japanese calendar Taishō 2
(大正2年)
Korean calendar 4246
Thai solar calendar 2456

January-February

  • 2 January - Anna Lee, English actress (d. 2004)
  • 5 January - Jack Haig, English actor (d. 1989)
  • 6 January - Edward Gierek, Polish politician (d. 2001)
  • 6 January - Loretta Young, American actress (d. 2000)
  • 9 January - Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States (d. 1994)
  • 10 January - Gustáv Husák, Slovak politician (d. 1991)
  • 15 January - Lloyd Bridges, American actor (d. 1998)
  • 15 January - Alexander Marinesko,captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff, when 10,000 died while the ship sank.(d. 1963)
  • 18 January - Danny Kaye, American actor (d. 1987)
  • 18 January - George Unwin, British fighter ace WWII (d. 2006)
  • 22 January - William Cardinal Conway, Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • 22 January - Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • 24 January - Norman Dello Joio, American composer (d. 2008)
  • 25 January - Witold Lutosławski, Polish composer (d. 1994)
  • 26 January - Jimmy Van Heusen, American composer (d. 1990)
  • 28 January - Wally Parks, Founder of the NHRA {d. 2007)
  • 29 January - Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
  • 2 February - Poul Reichhardt, Danish actor (d. 1985)
  • 4 February - Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (d. 2005)
  • 6 February - Mary Leakey, British anthropologist (d. 1996)
  • 13 February - George Barker, British poet (d. 1991)
  • 14 February - Mel Allen, American sports reporter (d. 1996)
  • 14 February - Jimmy Hoffa, American labor leader (disappeared 1975)
  • 14 February - Woody Hayes, National Football League Coach (d. 12 March 1987)
  • 25 February - Jim Backus, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 25 February - Gert Fröbe, German actor (d. 1988)
  • 27 February - T. B. Ilangaratne, Sri Lankan author, dramatist, actor and politician (d. 1992)
  • 27 February - Paul Ricoeur, French philosopher (d. 2005)
  • 27 February - Irwin Shaw, American writer (d. 1984)
  • 27 February - Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)

March-April

  • 1 March - Richard S.R. Fitter, British writer (d. 2005)
  • 2 March - Godfried Bomans, Dutch writer (d. 1971)
  • 4 March - John Garfield, American actor (d. 1952)
  • 13 March - William Casey, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1987)
  • 13 March - Smoky Dawson, Australian singer (d. 2008)
  • 13 March - Sergey Mikhalkov, Russian writer and lyricist
  • 18 March - René Clément, French film director (d. 1996)
  • 21 March - George Abecassis, English race car driver (d. 1991)
  • 26 March - Paul Erdős, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 26 March - Jacqueline de Romilly, French philologist
  • 29 March - R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet (d. 2000)
  • 30 March - Richard Helms, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 2002)
  • 30 March - Frankie Laine, American singer (d. 2007)
  • 30 March - Ċensu Tabone, Maltese politician
  • 31 March - Etta Baker, American musician (d. 2006)
  • 3 April - Per Borten, Premier of Norway (d. 2005)
  • 7 April - Charles Vanik, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 11 April - Oleg Cassini, American fashion designer (d. 2006)
  • 14 April - Jean Fournet, French conductor
  • 27 April - Philip Hauge Abelson, American physicist, writer, and editor (d. 2004)

May-June

  • 1 May - Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)
  • 1 May - Walter Susskind, Czech conductor (d. 1980)
  • 5 May - Tyrone Power, American actor (d. 1958)
  • 8 May - Saima Harmaja, Finnish poet (d. 1937)
  • 11 May - Robert Jungk, Austrian journalist (d. 1994)
  • 13 May - William R. Tolbert, Jr., President of Liberia (d. 1980)
  • 16 May - Woody Herman, American musician and band leader (d. 1987)
  • 20 May - William Hewlett, American businessman (d. 2001)
  • 26 May - Peter Cushing, English actor (d. 1994)
  • 29 May - Tony Zale, American boxer (d. 1997)
  • 6 June - Carlo L. Golino, American scholar (d. 1991)
  • 10 June - Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer (d. 2007)
  • 11 June - Vince Lombardi, American football coach (d. 1970)
  • 11 June - Risë Stevens, American mezzosoprano
  • 18 June - Robert Mondavi, American winemaker (d. 2008)
  • 18 June - Sylvia Field Porter, American economist and journalist (d. 1991)
  • 25 June - Cyril Fletcher, British comedian (d. 2005)
  • 26 June - Aimé Césaire, French Martinican poet and politician (d. 2008)
  • 28 June - Franz Antel, Austrian filmmaker (d. 2007)
  • 30 June - Alfonso López Michelsen, President of Colombia (d. 2007)

July-August

  • 3 July - Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (d. 1965)
  • 12 July - Philip Mayer Kaiser, American diplomat (d. 2007)
  • 12 July - Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2008)
  • 14 July - Gerald Ford, 38th President of the United States (d. 2006)
  • 17 July - Roger Garaudy, French Holocaust denier
  • 18 July - Red Skelton, American comedian (d. 1997)
  • 22 July - Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and songwriter (d. 1995)
  • 22 July - Licia Albanese, Italian-born soprano
  • 23 July - Michael Foot, British politician
  • 8 August - John Facenda, American sports announcer (d. 1984)
  • 8 August - Robert Stafford, Governor of Vermont, U.S Representative and U.S. Senator. (d. 2006)
  • 10 August - Wolfgang Pauli, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1993)
  • 13 August - Fred Davis, English snooker and billiards player (d. 1998)
  • 13 August - Makarios III, Archbishop and first President of Cyprus (d.1977)
  • 16 August - Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1992)
  • 17 August - W. Mark Felt, American Federal Bureau of Investigation Associate Director and Deep Throat Watergate informant
  • 17 August - Rudy York, baseball player (d. 1970)
  • 19 August - Richard Simmons, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 20 August - Roger Wolcott Sperry, American neurobiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1994)
  • 27 August - Nina Schenk von Stauffenberg, German wife of freedom fighter Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg (d. 2006)
  • 28 August - Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist (d. 1995)
  • 28 August - Richard Tucker, American tenor (d. 1975)
  • 29 August - Jan Ekier, Polish pianist and composer
  • 30 August - Richard Stone, British economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1991)
  • 31 August - Helen Levitt, American photographer

September-October

  • 1 September - Ludwig Merwart, Austrian painter and graphic artist (1979)
  • 2 September - Israel Gelfand, Russian mathematician
  • 4 September
    • Stanford Moore, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1982)
    • Boone Guyton, American test pilot (d. 1996)
  • 12 September - Jesse Owens, American athlete (d. 1980)
  • 14 September - Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (d. 1971)
  • 15 September - John N. Mitchell, United States Attorney General and convicted Watergate criminal (d. 1988)
  • 19 September - Frances Farmer, American actress (d. 1970)
  • 28 September - Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss artist and illustrator (d. 2007)
  • 24 September - Wilson Rawls, American Author (d. 1984)
  • 29 September
    • Trevor Howard, English actor (d. 1988)
    • Stanley Kramer, American film producer, director, and writer (d. 2001)
    • Silvio Piola, Italian footballer (d. 1996)
  • 30 September - Bill Walsh, American movie producer and writer (d. 1975)
  • 10 October - Claude Simon, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
  • 18 October - Evelyn Venable, American actress (d. 1993)
  • 22 October - Robert Capa, Hungarian-born photojournalist (d. 1954)
  • 22 October - Tamara Desni, German-born British actress (d. 2008)

November-December

  • 2 November - Burt Lancaster, American actor (d. 1994)
  • 5 November - Vivien Leigh, British actress (d. 1967)
  • 7 November - Albert Camus, French writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1960)
  • 7 November - Elizabeth Bradford Holbrook, Canadian sculptor
  • 9 November - Hedy Lamarr, Austrian actress (d. 2000)
  • 10 November - Álvaro Cunhal, Portuguese politician (d. 2005)
  • 13 November - Alexander Scourby, American actor (d. 1985)
  • 15 November - Arthur Haulot, Belgian journalist (d. 2005)
  • 21 November
    • John Boulting, English film director (d.1985)
    • Roy Boulting, English film director and producer (d. 2001)
  • 22 November
  • Benjamin Britten, English composer (d. 1976)
  • Cecilia Muñoz-Palma, first female Philippine Supreme Court Justice (d. 2006)
  • 23 November - Michael Gough, English actor
  • 25 November - Lewis Thomas, American physician and essayist (d. 1993)
  • 6 December
    • Nikolai Amosov, Ukrainian heart surgeon, inventor, best-selling author, and exercise enthusiast (d. 2002)
    • Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (d. 2004)
  • 8 December - Delmore Schwartz, American poet (d. 1966)
  • 9 December - Frances Reid, American actress
  • 10 December
    • Morton Gould, American composer (d. 1996)
    • Harry Locke, British character actor (d. 1987)
  • 13 December - Arnold Brown, Salvation Army general (d. 2002)
  • 15 December - Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (d. 1980)
  • 16 December - George Ignatieff, a Canadian diplomat was the recipient of the 1984 Pearson Medal of Peace. (d. 1989)
  • 18 December
  • 21 December - Arnold Friberg, American artist
  • 30 December - Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (d. 2002)

Deaths

January - June

  • 2 January - Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (b. 1855)
  • 4 January - Alfred von Schlieffen, German field marshal (b. 1833)
  • 22 February - Francisco I. Madero, President of Mexico (b. 1873)
  • 26 February - Felix Draeseke, German composer (b. 1835)
  • 10 March - Harriet Tubman, American abolitionist (b. 1820)
  • 11 March - John Shaw Billings, American military and medical leader (b. 1838)
  • 18 March - King George I of Greece (b. 1845)
  • 22 March - Sung Chiao-jen, Chinese revolutionary (b. 1882)
  • 31 March - J.P.Morgan, American financier and banker (b. 1837)
  • 1 May - John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)
  • 16 May - Louis Perrier, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1849)
  • 5 June - Chris von der Ahe, German-born brewer and baseball owner
  • 8 June - Emily Davison, British suffragette (b. 1872)
  • 28 June - Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian president (b. 1841)

July - December

  • 3 July - Horatio Nelson Young, American naval hero (b. 1845)
  • 13 July - Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General (b. 1841)
  • 19 July - Clímaco Calderón, President of Colombia (b. 1852)
  • 29 July - Tobias Michael Carel Asser, Dutch jurist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1838)
  • 30 September - Rudolf Diesel, German engine inventor (b. 1858)
  • 5 October - Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • 7 November - Alfred Russel Wallace, Welsh biologist (b. 1823)
  • 22 November - Tokugawa Yoshinobu, Japanese shogun (b. 1837)
  • 7 December - Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
  • 12 December - Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1844)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes
  • Chemistry - Alfred Werner
  • Medicine - Charles Robert Richet
  • Literature - Rabindranath Tagore
  • Peace - Henri La Fontaine

Ship events

  • List of ship launches in 1913
  • List of ship commissionings in 1913
  • List of ship decommissionings in 1913

Table of Contents

Retrieved from " http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1913"
This Wikipedia Selection was sponsored by a UK Children's Charity, SOS Children UK , and consists of a hand selection from the English Wikipedia articles with only minor deletions (see www.wikipedia.org for details of authors and sources). The articles are available under the GNU Free Documentation License. See also our Disclaimer.