1903

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -   1910s   1920s   1930s
Years: 1900 1901 1902 - 1903 - 1904 1905 1906

Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar.

The year 1903 also had the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar has not had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. See: 1696.

Events of 1903

January-February

Jan. 1: Emperor of India.
Jan. 1: Emperor of India.
15 February: first teddy bear.
15 February: first teddy bear.
  • 1 January - Edward VII of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Emperor of India.
  • 19 January - The first west-east transatlantic radio broadcast is made from the United States to England (the first east-west broadcast having been made in 1901).
  • 11 February - The Oxnard Strike of 1903 becomes the first time in U.S. history that a labor union is formed from members of different races.
  • 15 February - Morris and Rose Mitchom introduce the first teddy bear in America.
  • 23 February - Cuba leases Guantanamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".

March-April

  • 2 March - In New York City, the Martha Washington Hotel, the first hotel exclusively for women, opens.
  • 3 March – The British admiralty announces plans to build a naval base at Rosyth.
  • 5 March – Turkey and Germany sign an agreement to build the Constantinople-Baghdad Railway.
  • 14 March - The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate later rejects the treaty.
  • 29 April - A 30-million-m3 landslide kills 70 in Frank, Alberta.

May-June

  • 18 May - Opening of port of Burgas, Bulgaria.
  • 22 May - Launch of the White Star Liner, SS Ionic.
  • 11 June - Assassination of Serbian King Alexander Obrenović and Queen Draga.
  • 12 June - Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
23 July: 1903 Ford Model A.
23 July: 1903 Ford Model A.

July-August

  • 1 July- 19 - Maurice Garin wins the first Tour de France.
  • 7 July - British take over the Fulani empire.
  • 23 July - Dr. Ernst Pfenning of Chicago becomes the first owner of a Ford Model A.
  • 2 August - The Ilinden Uprising of the Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire breaks out.
  • 4 August - Pope Pius X succeeds Pope Leo XIII as the 257th pope.
  • 10 August - The Paris Metro train fire takes place.
  • 25 August - The Judiciary Act 1903 is passed.
4 August: Pope Pius X becomes the new pope.
4 August: Pope Pius X becomes the new pope.

September-October

  • 11 September - The first stock car event is held at the Milwaukee Mile.
  • 14 September - Joseph Chamberlain resigns as British Colonial Secretary, in order to campaign publicly for "Imperial Preference".
  • 24 September - Edmund Barton steps down as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by Alfred Deakin.
  • 27 September - The wreck of Old 97 at Stillhouse Trestle near Danville, Virginia inspires ballad and song. Nine killed.
  • October - Frank Nelson Cole proves that 267-1 is composite by factoring it as 193,707,721 * 761,838,257,287 after trying every Sunday for three years.
  • 1 October - The first modern World Series pits the National League's Pittsburgh against Boston of the American League.
  • 6 October - The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • 10 October - The Women's Social and Political Union is founded.

November-December

17 December: The second flight by Orville Wright.
17 December: The second flight by Orville Wright.
  • 4 November - With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia.
  • 13 November - The United States recognizes the independence of Panama.
  • 17 November - The Russian Social Democratic Labor Party splits into two groups; the Bolsheviks (Russian for "majority") and Mensheviks (Russian for "minority").
  • 18 November - The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the U.S. exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.
  • 23 November - Colorado Governor James Hamilton Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
  • 17 December - Orville Wright flies an aircraft with a petrol engine at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina in the first documented, successful, controlled, powered, heavier-than-air flight.
  • 30 December - A fire at the Iroquois Theatre in Chicago kills 600.

Undated

  • Lincoln-Lee Legion is established to promote temperance movement and signing of alcohol abstinence pledges by children.

Ongoing

  • Philippine-American War (1899-1913)


Births

1903 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1903
MCMIII
Ab urbe condita 2656
Armenian calendar 1352
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԲ
Bahá'í calendar 59 – 60
Berber calendar 2853
Buddhist calendar 2447
Burmese calendar 1265
Byzantine calendar 7411 – 7412
Chinese calendar 壬寅年十二月初三日
(4539/4599-12-3)
— to —
癸卯年十一月十三日
(4540/4600-11-13)
Coptic calendar 1619 – 1620
Ethiopian calendar 1895 – 1896
Hebrew calendar 5663 – 5664
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 19581959
 - Shaka Samvat 1825 – 1826
 - Kali Yuga 5004 – 5005
Holocene calendar 11903
Iranian calendar 1281 – 1282
Islamic calendar 1320 – 1321
Japanese calendar Meiji 36
(明治36年)
Korean calendar 4236
Thai solar calendar 2446

January

  • 6 January - Maurice Abravanel, Greek-born conductor (d. 1993)
  • 7 January - Warren Hull, American actor (d. 1974)
  • 11 January - Hans Redlich, Austrian composer (d. 1968)
  • 16 January - William Grover-Williams, French race car driver and war hero (d. 1945)
  • 22 January - Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
  • 27 January - John Carew Eccles, Australian neuropsychologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1997)

February

  • 2 February - Bartel Leendert van der Waerden, Dutch mathematician (d. 1996)
  • 6 February - Claudio Arrau, Chilean-born pianist (d. 1991)
  • 8 February - Greta Keller, Vienna-born cabaret singer and actress (d. 1977)
  • 8 February - Tunku Abdul Rahman, first Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1990)
  • 10 February - Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (d. 1939)
  • 11 February
    • Rex Lease, American actor (d. 1966)
    • Alan Paton, South African writer (d. 1988)
  • 13 February - Georges Simenon, French writer (d. 1989)
  • 16 February - Edgar Bergen, American ventriloquist (d. 1978)
  • 21 February
    • Anaïs Nin, French writer (d. 1977)
    • Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (d. 1976)
  • 22 February - Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer and media personality (d. 1990)
  • 22 February - Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
  • 22 February - Frank P. Ramsey, English mathematician (d. 1930)
  • 26 February - Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • 27 February - Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)
  • 28 February - Vincente Minnelli, American director (d. 1986)

March

  • 4 March - Luis Carrero Blanco, Spanish statesman (d. 1973)
  • 4 March - William C. Boyd, American immunochemist (d. 1983)
  • 4 March - Dorothy Mackaill, British-born American actress (d. 1990)
  • 4 March - John Scarne, American magician and card expert (d. 1985)
  • 6 March - Empress Kōjun, Empress consort of Japan (d. 2000)
  • 10 March - Bix Beiderbecke, American jazz musician (d. 1931)
  • 11 March
    • Ronald Syme, New Zealand-born classicist and historian (d. 1989)
    • Lawrence Welk, American television musician (d. 1992)
  • 14 March - Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
  • 20 March - Edgar Buchanan, American actor (d. 1979)
  • 24 March - Adolf Butenandt, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 25 March - Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)
  • 28 March - Rudolf Serkin, Austrian pianist (d. 1991)
  • 31 March - H. J. Blackham, British humanist and author

April

  • 6 April
    • Mickey Cochrane, American baseball player (d. 1962)
    • Doc Edgerton, American electrical engineering (d. 1990)
  • 10 April - Clare Boothe Luce, American publisher and writer (d. 1987)
  • 12 April - Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1994)
  • 15 April - John Williams, English-born actor (d. 1983)
  • 17 April
    • Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (d. 1976)
    • Morgan Taylor, American athlete (d. 1975)
  • 19 April - Eliot Ness, American treasury agent (d. 1957)
  • 24 April - José Antonio Primo de Rivera, Spanish politician (d. 1936)
  • 25 April - Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1987)
  • 28 April - Johan Borgen, Norwegian author (d. 1979)

May

  • 2 May - Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician (d. 1998)
  • 3 May - Bing Crosby, American singer and actor (d. 1977)
  • 4 May - Luther Adler, American actor (d. 1984)
  • 6 May - Toots Shor, New York restaurateur (d. 1977)
  • 8 May - Fernandel, French actor (d. 1971)
  • 10 May - Hans Jonas, German-born philosopher(d. 1993)
  • 11 May - Charlie Gehringer, baseball player (d. 1993)
  • 20 May - Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor (d. 1975)
  • 21 May - Frank Sargeson, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)
  • 29 May - Bob Hope, English-born comedian (d. 2003)

June

  • 1 June - Vasyl Velychkovsky Ukrainian bishop (d. 1973)
  • 6 June - Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
  • 8 June - Marguerite Yourcenar, Belgian-French author (d. 1987)
  • 12 June - Emmett Hardy, American musician (d. 1925)
  • 16 June
    • Helen Traubel, American soprano (d. 1972)
    • Huldreich Georg Früh, Swiss composer (d. 1945)
  • 18 June
    • Jeanette MacDonald, American singer and actress (d. 1965)
    • Raymond Radiguet, French author (d. 1923)
  • 19 June
    • Lou Gehrig, American baseball player (d. 1941)
    • Wally Hammond, English cricketer (d. 1965)
  • 21 June - Al Hirschfeld, American caricaturist (d. 2003)
  • 22 June - John Dillinger, American bank robber (d. 1934)
  • 25 June
    • Pierre Brossolette, French journalist and resistance fighter (d. 1944)
    • George Orwell, English author (d. 1950)
  • 29 June - Alan Blumlein, British electronics engineer (d. 1942)

July

  • 1 July - Amy Johnson, English aviator (d. 1941)
  • 2 July
    • Harwell Hamilton Harris, American architect (d. 1990)
    • Alec Douglas-Home, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1995)
    • King Olav V of Norway (d. 1991)
  • 3 July - Ace Bailey, Canadian hockey player (d. 1992)
  • 4 July - Corrado Cardinal Bafile, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 2005)
  • 6 July - Hugo Theorell, Swedish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1982)
  • 10 July - John Wyndham, British author (d. 1969)
  • 13 July - Kenneth Clark, English art historian (d. 1983)
  • 21 July - Roy Neuberger, American financier and art collector

August

  • 3 August - Habib Bourguiba, President of Tunisia (d. 2000)
  • 6 August - Virginia Foster Durr, American civil rights activist (d. 1999)
  • 7 August - Louis Leakey, British archaeologist (d. 1972)
  • 18 August - Lucienne Boyer, French singer (d. 1983)
  • 19 August - James Gould Cozzens, American writer (d. 1978)
  • 23 August - William Primrose, Scottish violist (d. 1982)

September

  • 7 September - Shimaki Kensaku, Japanese author (d. 1945)
  • 9 September
    • Phyllis Whitney, American mystery writer (d. 2008)
    • Edward Upward, British author
  • 11 September - Theodor Adorno, German philosopher (d. 1969)
  • 13 September - Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
  • 15 September - Roy Acuff, American country musician (d. 1992)
  • 17 September - Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (d. 1984)
  • 21 September - Preston Tucker, American automobile designer (d. 1956)
  • 25 September
    • Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi, Pakistani journalist, theologian, and philosopher (d. 1979)
    • Mark Rothko, Latvian-born painter (d. 1970)

October

  • 1 October - Vladimir Horowitz, Russian pianist (d. 1989)
  • 4 October - John Vincent Atanasoff, American computer engineer (d. 1995)
  • 5 October - M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (d. 1989)
  • 6 October - Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
  • 9 October - Walter O'Malley, American baseball executive (d. 1979)
  • 16 October - Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (d. 2003)
  • 18 October - Lina Radke, German athlete (d. 1983)
  • 22 October
    • George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
    • - Zlatyu Boyadzhiev, Bulgarian painter (d. 1976)
    • Jerome "Curly Howard" Horwitz, American comedian and actor (d. 1952)
  • 25 October
    • Katharine Byron, American politician (d. 1976)
    • Harry Shoulberg, American painter (d. 1995)
  • 28 October - Evelyn Waugh, English writer (d. 1966)

November

  • 1 November - Max Adrian, Northern Irish actor (d. 1973)
  • 2 November - Edgard Potier, Belgian spy (d. 1944)
  • 3 November - Walker Evans, American photographer (d. 1975)
  • 6 November - Carl Rakosi, German-born poet (d. 2004)
  • 7 November - Konrad Lorenz, Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1989)
  • 19 November - Nancy Carroll, American actress (d. 1965)
  • 27 November - Lars Onsager, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • 29 November - E. Harold Munn, American temperance movement leader and presidential candidate (d. 1992)

December

  • 5 December
    • Johannes Heesters, Dutch singer and actor
    • Cecil Frank Powell, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1969)
  • 4 December - Lazar Lagin, Soviet writer (d. 1979)
  • 12 December
    • Dagmar Nordstrom, American composer and pianist (d. 1976)
    • Yasujiro Ozu, Japanese film director (d. 1963)
    • A. L. Rowse, English historian (d. 1997)
  • 19 December - George Davis Snell, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1996)
  • 22 December - Haldan Keffer Hartline, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1983)
  • 24 December - Joseph Cornell, American sculptor (d. 1972)
  • 26 December - Elisha Cook Jr., American actor (d. 1995)
  • 28 December
  • 31 December
    • Nathan Milstein, Ukrainian violinist (d. 1992)
    • Will Mastin, American vaudevillian (d. 1975)

Deaths

January - June

  • 3 January - Alois Hitler, Austrian civil servant (b. 1837)
  • 17 January - Quintin Hogg, British philanthropist (b. 1845)
  • 28 January
    • Augusta Holmès, French composer (b. 1847)
    • Robert Planquette, French composer (b. 1850)
  • 1 February - Sir George Gabriel Stokes, Irish mathematician and physicist (b. 1819)
  • 7 February - James Glaisher, English meteorologist and aeronaut (b. 1809)
  • 14 February - Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (b. 1831)
  • 22 February - Hugo Wolf, Austrian composer (b. 1860)
  • 26 February - Richard Jordan Gatling, American inventor (b. 1818)
  • 4 March - Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English novelist (b. 1834)
  • 6 March - Bruno Paulin Gaston Paris, French scholar (b. 1839)
  • 13 March - George Granville Bradley, English vicar and scholar (b. 1821)
  • 16 March - Roy Bean, American pioneer (b. 1825)
  • 28 March - Emile Baudot, French telegraph engineer (b. 1845)
  • 19 April - Oliver Mowat, Canadian politician (b. 1820)
  • 28 April - Willard Gibbs, American physical chemist (b. 1839)
  • 4 May - Gotse Delchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1872)
  • 8 May - Paul Gauguin, French painter (b. 1848)
  • 13 May - Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and Prime Minister (b. 1864)
  • 11 June
    • Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician (b.1837)
    • Draga Mašin, Serbian queen consort (b. 1861)
    • Aleksandar Obrenović, Serbian king (b. 1876)
  • 19 June - Herbert Vaughan, English Catholic cardinal and archbishop (b. 1832)

July - December

  • 2 July - Ed Delahanty, American baseball player (b. 1867)
  • 11 July - William Ernest Henley, English poet, critic, and editor (b. 1849)
  • 13 July - Béni Kállay, Austro-Hungarian statesman (b. 1839)
  • 17 July - James McNeill Whistler, American painter (b. 1834)
  • 20 July - Pope Leo XIII, Italian Roman Catholic Pope (b. 1810)
  • 1 August - Calamity Jane, American frontierswoman (b. 1852)
  • 5 August - Phil May, English artist (b. 1864)
  • 17 August - Hans Gude, Norwegian painter (b. 1825)
  • 22 August - Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1830)
  • 18 September - Alexander Bain, Scottish philosopher (b. 1818)
  • 4 October - Otto Weininger, Austrian-Jewish author (b. 1880)
  • 20 October - Thomas Vincent Welch, American politician (b. 1850)
  • 1 November - Theodor Mommsen, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1817)
  • 13 November - Camille Pissarro, French painter (b. 1830)
  • 8 December - Herbert Spencer, English philosopher (b. 1820)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Antoine Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie
  • Chemistry - Svante August Arrhenius
  • Medicine - Niels Ryberg Finsen
  • Literature - Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
  • Peace - William Randal Cremer
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