1901

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century
Decades: 1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -   1910s   1920s   1930s
Years: 1898 1899 1900 - 1901 - 1902 1903 1904

Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). It was the first year of the 20th century.


Events of 1901

January

1 January: Commonwealth of Australia forms as British colonies federate.
1 January: Commonwealth of Australia forms as British colonies federate.
  • 1 January
    • The world celebrates the beginning of the Twentieth Century.
    • The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia. Edmond Barton becomes first Prime Minister.
    • Nigeria becomes a British protectorate
  • 5 January - Typhoid fever breaks out in a Seattle jail, the first of two typhoid outbreaks in USA during the year.
  • 7 January - Alferd Packer is released from prison after serving 18 years for cannibalism.
  • 10 January - In the first great Texas gusher, oil is discovered at Spindletop in Beaumont, Texas.
  • 22 January - After reigning for almost 64 years, longer than any other British monarch, Queen Victoria dies at the age of 81. Her eldest son, Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales becomes King, reigning as King Edward VII until 1910. His son, Prince George, Duke of York becomes Duke of Cornwall.
  • 28 January - Baseball's American League declares itself a Major League.
22 January: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and becomes Emperor of India.
22 January: King Edward VII ascends the British throne and becomes Emperor of India.

February-April

  • 14 February - King Edward VII opens his first parliament.
  • 20 February - The legislature of Hawaii Territory convenes for the first time.
  • 2 March - The U.S. Congress passes the Platt Amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • 4 March - United States President William McKinley begins his 2nd term. Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as Vice President of the United States.
  • 6 March - In Bremen, an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany.
  • 17 March - A showing of 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
  • 31 March - The United Kingdom Census 1901 is taken.
6 March: Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany survives assassination attempt.
6 March: Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany survives assassination attempt.
  • 25 April - New York State becomes the first to require automobile license plates.
  • 29 April - Anti-Jewish rioting breaks out in Budapest.

May-July

  • 3 May - The Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, FL.
  • 5 May - Official end of the Caste War of Yucatán, although Mayan skirmishers continue sporadic fighting for another decade.
  • 9 May - Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne.
  • 17 May - The U.S. stock market crashes for the first time.
  • 24 May - 78 miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.
  • 25 May - The Club Atlético River Plate is founded in Argentina.
  • 27 May - In New Jersey, the Edison Storage Battery Company is founded.
  • 28 May - Iran (known as Persia until 1935) grants William Knox D'Arcy a concession, giving him the right to prospect for oil.
  • 2 June - Katsura Taro becomes Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 12 June - Cuba becomes a US protectorate.
12 June: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.
12 June: Cuba becomes a United States protectorate.
  • 4 July - The 1,282 foot (390 meters) covered bridge crossing the St. John River at Hartland, New Brunswick, Canada opens. It is the longest covered bridge in the world.
  • 24 July - O. Henry is released from prison in Columbus, Ohio after serving three years for embezzlement from the First National Bank in Austin, Texas.

August

  • 5 August - Peter O'Connor sets the first International Association of Athletics Federations recognised long jump world record of 24ft 11¾ins. The record will stand for 20 years.
  • 6 August - Beginning of the Discovery Expedition: Robert Falcon Scott sets sail on the RRS Discovery to explore the Ross Sea in Antarctica.
  • 30 August - Hubert Cecil Booth patents an electric vacuum cleaner.

September

7 September: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
7 September: The Boxer Rebellion in China ends with the signing of the Peking Protocol.
14 September: Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States on the death of William McKinley.
  • 2 September - U.S. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.
  • 5 September - The National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues (later renamed Minor League Baseball), is formed in Chicago.
  • 6 September - American anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots US President William McKinley at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. McKinley dies eight days later.
  • 7 September - The Boxer Rebellion in China officially ends with the signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • 14 September - Theodore Roosevelt succeeds William McKinley as President of the United States.
  • 26 September - The body of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is exhumed and reinterred in concrete several feet thick.

October

  • 2 October - The Royal Navy's first submarine is launched at Barrow.
  • 4 October - The American yacht Columbia defeats the Irish Shamrock in the America's Cup yachting race.
  • 16 October - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt invites African American leader Booker T. Washington to the White House. The American South reacts angrily to the visit, and racial violence increases in the region.
  • 23 October - Yale University celebrates its bicentennial.
  • 24 October - Michigan schoolteacher Annie Taylor goes down Niagara Falls in a barrel and survives.
  • 29 October
    • In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
    • Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of William McKinley, is executed by electrocution.

November-December

  • 1 November - Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national collegiate fraternity is founded in Richmond, VA.
  • 9 November - Prince George, Duke of Cornwall becomes Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
  • 15 November - Alpha Sigma Alpha is founded at Longwood University.
  • 28 November - The new state constitution of Alabama requires voters to have passed literacy tests.
  • 3 December - US President Theodore Roosevelt delivers a 20,000-word speech to the House of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts "within reasonable limits."
  • 5 December - Cartoon artist Walt Disney was born.
  • 10 December - The first Nobel Prize ceremony is held in Stockholm on the fifth anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death.
  • 12 December - Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal in Newfoundland, Canada; it is Morse code for the letter "S."
  • 20 December - The final spike is driven into the Mombasa-Victoria-Uganda Railway in what is now Kisumu, Kenya.

Undated

  • Scotland Yard creates a fingerprint archive.
  • Europium is isolated by Eugène-Anatole Demarçay.
  • William S. Harley draws up plans for his first prototype motorcycle.
  • The okapi is observed for the first time (previously known only to local natives).
  • Independent Maya of Eastern Yucatán surrender to Mexico.
  • Intercollegiate Prohibition Association established in Chicago.
  • Shō Tai (Shang Tai), the last king of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in modern Okinawa, Japan, dies.
  • New Zealand inventor, Ernest Godward invents the spiral hairpin, one of the most widely-used devices on the planet.
  • The first reliable census in India is taken.
  • Alzheimer's disease described for the first time by German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer.

Ongoing

  • Second Boer War
  • Thousand Days War (1899-1902)
  • Philippine-American War (1899-1913)

Births

1901 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1901
MCMI
Ab urbe condita 2654
Armenian calendar 1350
ԹՎ ՌՅԾ
Bahá'í calendar 57 – 58
Berber calendar 2851
Buddhist calendar 2445
Burmese calendar 1263
Byzantine calendar 7409 – 7410
Chinese calendar 庚子年十一月十一日
(4537/4597-11-11)
— to —
辛丑年十一月廿一日
(4538/4598-11-21)
Coptic calendar 1617 – 1618
Ethiopian calendar 1893 – 1894
Hebrew calendar 5661 – 5662
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 19561957
 - Shaka Samvat 1823 – 1824
 - Kali Yuga 5002 – 5003
Holocene calendar 11901
Iranian calendar 1279 – 1280
Islamic calendar 1318 – 1319
Japanese calendar Meiji 34
(明治34年)
Korean calendar 4234
Thai solar calendar 2444

January-February

  • 3 January - Ngo Dinh Diem, 1st President of South Vietnam (d. 1963)
  • 4 January - CLR James, Trinidad-born writer and journalist (d. 1989)
  • 14 January - Bebe Daniels, American actress (d. 1971)
  • 16 January
    • Fulgencio Batista, Cuban leader (d. 1973)
    • Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
  • 24 January - Harry Calder, South African cricketer (d. 1995)
  • 26 January - Stuart Symington, American politician (d. 1988)
  • 27 January - Art Rooney, American football team owner (d. 1988)
  • 29 January - E. P. Taylor, Canadian business tycoon (d. 1989)
  • 30 January - Rudolf Caracciola, German race car driver (d. 1959)
  • 1 February - Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960)
  • 2 February - Jascha Heifetz, Lithuanian violinist (d. 1987)
  • 10 February - Stella Adler, American actress (d. 1992)
  • 15 February - João Branco Núncio, Portuguese bullfighter (d. 1976)
  • 22 February - Mildred Davis, American actress (d. 1969)
  • 25 February - Zeppo Marx, American comedian (d. 1979)
  • 27 February - Horatio Luro, Argentine horse trainer (d. 1991)
  • 28 February - Linus Pauling, American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Peace (d. 1994)

March-April

  • 4 March
    • Charles Goren, American bridge player (d. 1991)
    • Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy-French poet (d. 1937)
  • 17 March - Alfred Newman, American film composer (d. 1970)
  • 21 March - Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • 22 March - Greta Kempton, American artist (d. 1991)
  • 24 March - Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
  • 27 March
    • Carl Barks, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
    • Erich Ollenhauer, German politician (d. 1963)
    • Eisaku Sato, Prime Minister of Japan, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1975)
    • Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (d. 1971)
  • 28 March - Jack Weil, American entrepreneur (d. 2008)
  • 1 April - Whittaker Chambers, American spy (d. 1961)
  • 15 April - Joe Davis, English snooker and billiards player (d. 1978)
  • 18 April - Al Lewis, American songwriter (d. 1967)
  • 29 April - Emperor Hirohito of Japan (d. 1989)
  • 30 April - Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)

May-June

  • 5 May - Blind Willie McTell, American singer (d. 1959)
  • 7 May - Gary Cooper, American actor (d. 1961)
  • 17 May - Werner Egk, German composer (d. 1983)
  • 18 May - Vincent du Vigneaud, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1978)
  • 20 May - Max Euwe, Dutch chess player (d. 1981)
  • 21 May
    • Horace Heidt, American bandleader (d. 1986)
    • Sam Jaffe, American film producer (d. 2000)
    • Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist, novelist, and playwright (d. 1992)
  • 31 May - Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (d. 1983)
  • 3 June - Chang Hsüeh-liang, Chinese military leader (d. 2001)
  • 6 June - Sukarno, first President of Indonesia (d. 1970)
  • 17 June - F. F. E. Yeo-Thomas, English World War II hero (d. 1964)
  • 18 June - Grand Duchess Anastasia of Russia (d. 1918)
  • 23 June - Chuck Taylor, American basketball player and salesman (d. 1969)
  • 24 June - Harry Partch, American composer (d. 1974)
  • 29 June - Nelson Eddy, American singer and actor (d. 1967)

July-August

  • 7 July - Eiji Tsuburaya, Japanese film director and special effects designer (d. 1970)
  • 9 July - Barbara Cartland, English novelist (d. 2000)
  • 17 July - Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (d. 1938)
  • 20 July - Heinie Manush, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • 21 July - Albert Hamilton Gordon, American businessman and philanthropist
  • 31 July - Jean Dubuffet, French painter (d. 1985)
  • 1 August - Pancho Villa, Filipino boxer (d. 1925)
  • 4 August - Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician (d. 1971)
  • 8 August - Ernest Lawrence, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • 10 August - Franco Dino Rasetti, Italian scientist (d. 2001)
  • 18 August - Jean Guitton, French writer and philosopher (d. 1999)
  • 20 August - Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • 26 August
    • Maxwell Taylor, American general (d. 1987)
    • Chen Yi, Chinese military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • 30 August - John Gunther, American writer (d. 1970)

September-October

  • 9 September
    • James Blades, English percussionist (d. 1999)
    • Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd, Prime Minister of South Africa (d. 1966)
  • 12 September - Ben Blue, Canadian-born comedian and actor (d. 1975)
  • 15 September - Sir Donald Bailey, British civil engineer (d. 1985)
  • 22 September - Charles B. Huggins, Canadian-born cancer researcher, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1997)
  • 23 September - Jaroslav Seifert, Czech writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1986)
  • 28 September
    • Ed Sullivan, American entertainer (d. 1974)
    • William S. Paley, American businessman (d. 1990)
  • 29 September
    • Enrico Fermi, Italian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1954)
    • Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher, poet, and activist (d. 1981)
  • 2 October - Alice Prin, French singer (d. 1953)
  • 10 October - Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (d. 1966)
  • 24 October - Gilda Gray, Polish-born dancer and actress (d. 1959)n.
  • 27 October- Theodore Roosevelt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Roosevelt 1858)

November-December

  • 3 November - Léopold III of Belgium (d. 1983)
  • 4 November - Masako Nashimoto, Crown Princess of Korea (d. 1989)
  • 7 November - Norah McGuinness, Irish painter and illustrator (d. 1980)
  • 18 November - George Gallup, American statistician and opinion pollster (d. 1984)
  • 22 November - Joaquin Rodrigo, Spanish composer (d. 1999)
  • 29 November - Mildred Harris, American actress (d. 1944)
  • 5 December
    • Milton Erickson, American psychiatrist (d. 1980)
  • 5 December
    • Walt Disney, American animator and film producer (d. 1966)
    • Werner Heisenberg, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • 16 December - Margaret Mead, American cultural anthropologist (d. 1978)
  • 19 December - Rudolf Hell, German inventor (d. 2002)
  • 25 December - Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (d. 2004)
  • 27 December - Marlene Dietrich, German-American actress (d. 1992)
  • 31 December - Karl-August Fagerholm, Prime Minister of Finland (d. 1984)
  • date unknown - Nadezhda Alliluyeva-Stalin, second wife of Joseph Stalin (d. 1932)

Deaths

January - June

  • 1 January - Ignatius L. Donnelly, U.S. politician and writer (b. 1831)
  • 8 January - John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1873)
  • 11 January - Vasily Kalinnikov, Russian composer (b. 1866)
  • 16 January
    • Arnold Böcklin, Swiss artist (b. 1827)
    • Mahadev Govind Ranade, Indian reformer (b. 1842)
  • 21 January - Elisha Gray, American inventor and appliance manufacturer (b. 1835)
  • 22 January - Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Empress of India (b. 1819)
  • 27 January - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (b. 1813)
  • 11 February - King Milan I of Serbia (b. 1854)
  • 22 February - George Francis FitzGerald, Irish mathematician (b. 1851)
  • 26 February - Lucyna Ćwierczakiewiczowa, Polish writer (b. 1829)
  • 13 March - Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (b. 1833)
  • 3 April - Richard D'Oyly Carte, English impresario (b. 1844)
  • 19 April - Alfred Horatio Belo, American businessman and newswriter (b. 1839)
  • 1 May - Lewis Waterman, American inventor and businessman (b. 1837)
  • 22 May - Gaetano Bresci Italian anarchist and assassin (b 1869)
  • 24 May - Charlotte Mary Yonge, English novelist (b. 1823)
  • 2 June - George Leslie Mackay, Canadian missionary (b. 1844)
  • 9 June - Walter Besant, English writer (b. 1836)

July - December

  • 4 July - Johannes Schmidt, German linguist (b. 1843)
  • 6 July - Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1819)
  • 5 August - Victoria, Empress of Germany (b. 1840)
  • 12 August - Francesco Crispi, Italian Prime Minister (b. 1819)
  • 24 August - Clara Maass, American nurse (b. 1876)
  • 5 September - Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)
  • 9 September - Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (b. 1864)
  • 14 September - William McKinley, 25th President of the United States (b. 1843)
  • 1 October - Abdor Rahman Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (b. 1844)
  • 10 October - Lorenzo Snow, Mormon leader (b. 1814)
  • 19 October - Carl Frederik Tietgen, Danish financier and industrialist (b. 1829)
  • 29 October - Leon Czolgosz, Polish-American assassin of U.S. President William McKinley (b. 1873)
  • 7 November - Li Hongzhang, Chinese general (b. 1823)
  • 27 November - Clement Studebaker, American manufacturer (b. 1831)
  • 30 November - Edward John Eyre, English explorer (b. 1815)
  • 1 December - George Lohmann, English cricketer (b. 1865)

Nobel prizes

  • Physics - Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen
  • Chemistry - Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff
  • Medicine - Emil Adolf von Behring
  • Literature - Sully Prudhomme
  • Peace - Jean Henri Dunant, Frédéric Passy
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