1900

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century
Decades: 1870s  1880s  1890s  - 1900s -   1910s   1920s   1930s
Years: 1897 1898 1899 - 1900 - 1901 1902 1903

Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. As a result, the Julian calendar was 12 days behind the Gregorian calendar until Wednesday, February 28 ( O.S. February 16) and has been 13 days behind since Thursday, March 1 ( O.S. February 17).


Events of 1900

January

January
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 
29 30 31        
  • January 1 - Hawaii asks for a delegate at the U.S. Republican national convention.
  • January 1 - Nigeria becomes a British electorate.
  • January 2 - The first Electric bus becomes operational in New York City.
  • January 2 - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
  • January 3 - The British Royal Yacht, Victoria and Albert capsizes as it leaves port.
  • January 4 - Strikes in Belgium and Germany lead to mining riots.
  • January 5 - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
  • January 5 - Dr. Henry A. Rowland of Johns Hopkins University discovers the cause of the Earth's magnetism.
  • January 6 - Boers attack Ladysmith, South Africa, killing over 1000.
  • January 8 - United States President William McKinley places Alaska under military rule.
  • January 9 - The first through train runs from Cairo to Khartoum.
  • January 9 - Influenza strikes London.
  • January 12 - In Gupta, three and a quarter million people receive famine relief.
  • January 14 - Premier presentation of opera Tosca in Rome - actors have received death threats and nameless letters.
  • January 14 - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • January 14 - George Griffin becomes the first Australian ever to be killed in the Boer War.
  • January 17 - Brigham H. Roberts is refused a seat in the United States House of Representatives because of his Polygamy.
  • January 17 - The U.S. takes Wake Island, an important cable link between Hawaii and Manila.
  • January 17 - Yaqui Indians in Texas proclaim independence from Mexico.
  • January 23 - 5000 Austrian miners go on strike.
  • January 24 - The Battle of Spion Kop occurs in the Second Boer War.
  • January 26 - The Labor League Conference opens in Sydney, Australia with plans to form a Federal Labor Party.
  • January 27 - Boxer Rebellion: Foreign diplomats in Peking, China demand that the Boxer rebels be disciplined.
  • January 29 - The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with eight founding teams.

February

February
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28        
Plaque recording the location of the formation of the British Labour Party in 1900.
Plaque recording the location of the formation of the British Labour Party in 1900.
  • February 1 - Western Australia refuses to join the Federation unless given 5 years of fiscal freedom.
  • February 3 - U.S. gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky. Former Secretary of State Caleb Powers is later found guilty in a conspiracy to kill Goebel.
  • February 3 - Strikers in Aachen, Vienna and Brussels demand an 8-hour working day and higher wages.
  • February 5 - Britain and the United States sign a treaty for the building of a Central American shipping canal through Nicaragua.
  • February 5 - The British House of Commons vote of censure over the Britain's handling of the Second Boer War is defeated by a majority of 213.
  • February 6 - The international arbitration court at The Hague is created when the Netherlands' Senate ratifies an 1899 peace conference decree.
  • February 8 - British troops are defeated by Boers at Ladysmith, South Africa.
  • February 9 - Dwight F. Davis creates the Davis Cup tennis tournament.
  • February 14 - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
  • February 14 - Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State in the Battle of Paardeberg.
  • February 15 - The Siege of Kimberley is lifted.
  • February 17 - The Battle of Paardeberg occurs in the Second Boer War.
  • February 27 - The British Labour Party is formed.
  • February 27 - Boer War: In South Africa, British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje.
  • February 27 - Ramsay MacDonald is appointed secretary of newly formed British Labour Party.

March

March
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28 29 30 31  
  • March 2 - Groups of officials inspect towns around Australia in order to find the new Federal capital.
  • March 5 - Two U.S. cruisers are sent to Central America to protect US interests in a dispute between Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
  • March 6 - 'Baby-farmer' Ada Williams is hanged at Newgate prison for murdering a 21-month old girl.
  • March 6 - A coal mine explosion in West Virginia traps 50 miners.
  • March 7 - Fire at Buckingham Palace destroys part of its roof.
  • March 8 - Londoners celebrate as Queen Victoria makes a rare visit to the city.
  • March 9 - Women in Germany demand the right to participate in university entrance exams.
  • March 14 - Botanist Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of heredity.
  • March 15 - The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard.
  • March 16 - Sir Arthur Evans purchases the land on which the ruins of Knossos on Crete reside, for further excavation.
  • March 19 - The British archaeologist Arthur Evans begins to unearth some of the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete.
  • March 24 - New York City Mayor Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • March 25 - The War of the Golden Stool erupts in the Ashanti Kingdom of West Africa between the Ashanti and British colonial forces.
  • March 27 - Arrival of a Russian fleet in Korea causes concern to Japanese government.
  • March 27 - India is in crisis as millions starve. The country turns to the Colonial Government for help as food supplies run out.
  • March 28 - Over 1,000 tonnes of filth are removed from demolished Sydney, Australia buildings in areas that were effected by the bubonic plague outbreak.
  • March 31 - In France, the legal length of a workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours.

April

April
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
            1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30  
  • April 1 - The Irish Guards are formed by Queen Victoria
  • April 1 - King George of Greece becomes absolute monarch of Crete.
  • April 4 - An anarchist shoots at the Prince of Wales during his visit to Belgium.
  • April 14 - The Paris World Exhibition opens.
  • April 22 - French forces defeat and kill Rabih az-Zubayr in the battle of Kousséri, thus guaranteeing French domination of Chad.
  • April 26 - The Great Lumber Fire of Ottawa-Hull occurs.
  • April 30 - Hawaii becomes an official U.S. territory.

May

May
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
  1 2 3 4 5 6
7 8 9 10 11 12 13
14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 
28 29 30 31      
  • May 1 - An explosion of blasting powder in coal mine in Scofield, Utah kills 200.
  • May 14 - The second Modern Olympic Games opens in Paris.
  • May 17 - Second Boer War: British troops relieve Mafeking.
  • May 17 - Boxers destroy three villages near Peking and kill 60 Chinese Christians.
  • May 18 - The United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
  • May 21 - Russia invades Manchuria.
  • May 23 - Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honour.
  • May 24 - Second Boer War: British annex Orange Free State as Orange River Colony.
  • May 28 - Boxers attack Belgian personnel in the Fengtai railway station.
  • May 31 - Peacekeepers from various European countries arrive in China.


June
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
        1 2 3
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 
25 26 27 28 29 30  

June

  • June 1 - Carrie Nation demolishes 25 saloons in Medicine Lodge, Kansas.
  • June 5 - Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria, South Africa.
  • June 5 - The German Cruise liner, Deutschland III sets a new speed record.
  • June 14 - The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • June 20 - The Boxers gather about 20,000 people near Peking and kill hundreds of European citizens, including the German ambassador.
  • June 30 - Piers of North German Lloyd Steamship line are burned in Hoboken, New Jersey, killing 326.


July
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
            1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22 
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 
30 31

July

  • July 2 - The first zeppelin flight occurs on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.
  • July 5 - Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act passes British Parliament
  • July 9 - Queen Victoria gives royal assent to Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act
  • July 19 - The first line of the Métro is inaugurated in Paris.
  • July 25 - The Robert Charles Riots occur in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.
  • July 29 - In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  • July 30 - The Duke of Albany becomes Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as Carl Eduard following the death of his uncle, Duke Alfred.
Australia, founded July 9, 1900.
Australia, founded July 9, 1900.

August

  • August 14 - An international contingent of troops, under British command, invades Peking and frees the Europeans taken hostage.


August
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
    1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 
27 28 29 30 31    
September
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
          1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30

September

  • September 8 - A powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000.
  • September 13 - Philippine-American War: Filipino resistance fighters defeat a larger American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa.
  • September 17 - Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
  • September 25 - In the British general election, the recently-formed Labour Party gains two seats, with Keir Hardie becoming MP for Merthyr Tydfil. Winston Churchill is elected to Parliament.


October
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28 
29 30 31        
November
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
      1 2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 
26 27 28 29 30    

November

December

  • December 7 - Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission.
December
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
          1 2
3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 
24 25 26 27 28 29 30 
31  

Undated

  • U.S. New Haven, CT Louis Lassen of Louis' Lunch makes the first modern-day hamburger sandwich.

World population

Births

1900 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1900
MCM
Ab urbe condita 2653
Armenian calendar 1349
ԹՎ ՌՅԽԹ
Bahá'í calendar 56 – 57
Berber calendar 2850
Buddhist calendar 2444
Burmese calendar 1262
Chinese calendar 4536/4596-12-1
( 己亥年十二月初一日)
— to —
4537/4597-11-10
( 庚子年十一月初十日)
Coptic calendar 1616 – 1617
Ethiopian calendar 1892 – 1893
Hebrew calendar 5660 – 5661
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1955 – 1956
 - Shaka Samvat 1822 – 1823
 - Kali Yuga 5001 – 5002
Holocene calendar 11900
Iranian calendar 1278 – 1279
Islamic calendar 1317 – 1318
Japanese calendar Meiji 33
(明治33年)
Korean calendar 4233
Thai solar calendar 2443

January-June

  • January 2 - William Haines, American actor (d. 1973)
  • January 4 - James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • January 5 - Yves Tanguy, French painter (d. 1955)
  • January 16 - Edith Frank, German-Dutch mother of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
  • January 25 - Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukrainian geneticist and evolutionary biologist (d. 1975)
  • January 23 - William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
  • January 26 - Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
  • January 27 - Hyman Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986)
  • January 30 - Martita Hunt, Argentine-born British actress (d. 1969)
  • February 4 - Jacques Prévert, French lyricist and author (d. 1977)
  • February 5 - Adlai Stevenson, American politician (d. 1965)
  • February 11 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (d. 2002)
  • February 12 - Roger J. Traynor, American judge (d. 1983)
  • February 19 - Giorgos Seferis, Greek writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1971)
  • February 22 - Luis Buñuel, Spanish film director (d. 1983)
  • February 28 - Wolfram Hirth, German pilot and aircraft designer (d. 1959)
  • March 4 - Herbert Biberman, American screenwriter and film director (d. 1971)
  • March 9 - Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
  • March 19 - Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 1958)
  • March 23 - Erich Fromm, German-born psychologist and philosopher (d. 1980)
  • March 29 - John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
  • March 31 - Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (d. 1974)
  • April 2 - Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • April 5 - Spencer Tracy, American actor (d. 1967)
  • April 8 - Marie Byles, Australian solicitor (d. 1979)
  • April 16 - Polly Adler, Russian author (d. 1962)
  • April 21 - Hans Fritzsche, German Nazi official (d. 1953)
  • April 25 - Wolfgang Ernst Pauli, Austrian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • April 26 - Charles Richter, American geophysicist and inventor (d. 1985)
  • April 27 – August Koern, Estonian statesman and diplomat (d. 1989)
  • April 30 - Cecily Lefort, English World War II heroine (d. 1945)
  • May 1 - Ignazio Silone, Italian author (d. 1978)
  • May 12 - Helene Weigel, Austrian actress (d. 1971)
  • May 15 - Zheng Ji, Chinese nutritionist and biochemist
  • May 17 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian political leader (d. 1989)
  • May 23 - Hans Frank, German Nazi official (d. 1946)
  • May 27 - Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • May 28 - Tommy Ladnier, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1939)
  • June 3 - Rolland Fisher, American temperance activist (d. 1982)
  • June 4 - George Watkins, American baseball player (d. 1970)
  • June 5 - Dennis Gabor, Hungarian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1979)
  • June 7 - Glen Gray, American saxophonist (d. 1963)
  • June 15 - Paul Mares, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1949)
  • June 17 - Martin Bormann, German Nazi official (d. 1945)
  • June 29 - Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer (d. 1944)

July-December

  • July 4 - Robert Desnos, French poet (d. 1945)
  • July 6 - Frederica Sagor Maas, American playwright, essayist, and author
  • July 13 - George Lewis, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1968)
  • July 29 - Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1976)
  • August 3 - Ernie Pyle, American journalist (d. 1945)
  • August 4 - Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, queen of George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 2002)
  • August 6 - Cecil H. Green, British-born geophysicist and businessman (d. 2003)
  • August 10 - Arthur Espie Porritt, New Zealand politician and athlete (d. 1994)
  • August 11 - Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • August 18 - Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (d. 1964)
  • August 19 - Colleen Moore, American actress (d. 1988)
  • August 19 - Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • August 22 - Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (d. 1964)
  • August 25 - Sir Hans Adolf Krebs, German physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1981)
  • August 26 - Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • September 3 - Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland (d. 1986)
  • September 6 - W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (d. 1979)
  • September 22 - Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • September 23 - Louise Nevelson, Ukrainian-born American sculptor (d. 1988)
  • September 28 - Boris Efimov, Russian political cartoonist and propaganda artist
  • September 29 - Auguste van Pels, German-Dutch mother of Peter van Pels, housemate of Anne Frank (d. 1945)
  • October 1 - Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
  • October 6 - Stan Nichols, English cricketer (d. 1961)
  • October 7 - Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi official and SS head (d. 1945)
  • October 30 - Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1991)
  • November 4 - Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • November 5 - Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)
  • November 5 - Natalie Schafer, American actress (d. 1991)
  • November 8 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943)
  • November 8 - Margaret Mitchell, American writer (d. 1949)
  • November 11 - Halina Konopacka, Polish athlete (d. 1989)
  • November 13 - David Marshall Williams, American inventor (d. 1975)
  • November 14 - Aaron Copland, American composer (d. 1990)
  • November 16 - Nikolai Pogodin, Soviet playwright (d. 1962)
  • November 25 - Rudolf Höß, German Nazi official (d. 1947)
  • December 3 - Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (d. 2004)
  • December 3 - Richard Kuhn, Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1967)
  • December 4 - John Axon, British railwayman (d. 1957)
  • December 12 - Sammy Davis, Sr., American dancer (d. 1988)
  • December 20 - Marinus van der Goes van Naters, Dutch politician (d. 2005)

Deaths

January - June

  • January 20 - John Ruskin, English writer and social critic (b. 1819)
  • January 31 - John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry, Scottish nobleman and boxer (b. 1844)
  • February 18 - Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • March 6 - Gottlieb Daimler, German inventor and automotive pioneer (b. 1834)
  • March 6 - Carl Bechstein, German piano maker (b. 1826)
  • April 5 - Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (b. 1822)
  • April 19 - James Dawson, Australian activist (b. 1806)
  • April 24 - George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, British politician (b.1823)
  • April 30 - Casey Jones, American railway engineer (b. 1864)
  • May 18 - Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)
  • June 2 - Samori Ture, West African empire-builder (b. 1830)
  • June 2 - Clarence Cook, American critic and writer (b. 1828)
  • June 3 - Mary Kingsley, English explorer and writer (b. 1862)
  • June 5 - Stephen Crane, American author (b. 1871)
  • June 11 - Belle Boyd, American Confederate spy and actress (b. 1843)


 

July - December

  • July 8 - Henry D. Cogswell, American philanthropist (b. 1820)
  • July 29 - Umberto I, King of Italy (b. 1844)
  • July 31 - Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, second eldest son of Queen Victoria (b. 1844)
  • August 10 - Charles Russell, Baron Russell of Killowen, Lord Chief Justice of England (b.1832)
  • August 12 - Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian-born chess player (b. 1836)
  • August 16 - José Maria Eça de Queiroz, Portuguese writer (b. 1845)
  • August 23 - Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
  • August 25 - Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and writer (b. 1844)
  • September 23 - William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • September 29 - Samuel Fenton Cary, American politician (b. 1814)
  • October 15 - Zdeněk Fibich, Czech composer (b. 1850)
  • October 22 - John Sherman, American politician (b.1823)
  • November 22 - Sir Arthur Sullivan. English composer (b. 1842)
  • November 30 - Oscar Wilde, Irish writer (b. 1854)
Retrieved from " http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1900"
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