1779

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1740s  1750s  1760s  - 1770s -   1780s   1790s   1800s
Years: 1776 1777 1778 - 1779 - 1780 1781 1782

Year 1779 (MDCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1779

January - June

  • January 9 - British troops surrender to the Marathas in Wadgaon, India, and are forced to return all terrorities acquired since 1773.
  • January 11 - Ching-Thang Khomba was crowned King of Manipur.
  • January 22 - American Revolutionary War: Claudius Smith is hanged at Goshen, Orange County, New York for supposed acts of terrorism upon the people of the surrounding communities.
  • January 29 - After a second petition for partition from its residents, the North Carolina General Assembly abolishes Bute County, North Carolina (established 1764) by dividing it and naming the northern portion Warren County (for Revolutionary War hero Joseph Warren) and the southern portion Franklin County (for Benjamin Franklin). The General Assembly also establishes Warrenton (also named for Joseph Warren) to be the county seat of Warren County and Louisburg (named for Louis XVI of France) to be the county seat of Franklin County.
Benedict Arnold
Benedict Arnold
  • February 14: Captain James Cook dies on the Sandwich Islands on his third and last voyage.
  • May 13 - War of Bavarian Succession: Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war. In the agreement Austria receives a part of its territory that was taken from them (the Innviertel).
  • June 1 - American Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold is court-martialed for malfeasance in his treatment of government property.

July - December

  • July 16 - American Revolutionary War: United States forces led by General Anthony Wayne capture Stony Point, New York from British troops.
  • July 22 - Goshen Militia destroyed by Joseph Brant's forces at the Battle of Minisink.
  • July 24 - American Revolutionary War: American forces led by Commodore Dudley Saltonstall launched the Penobscot Expedition in what is now Castine, Maine, resulting in the worst naval defeat in U.S. history until Pearl Harbour.
  • July - Start of the Great Siege of Gibraltar (fourteenth and last military siege). This was an action by French and Spanish forces to wrest control of Gibraltar from the established British Garrison. The garrison, led by George Augustus Eliott, later 1st Baron Heathfield of Gibraltar, survived all attacks and a blockade of supplies.
The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, September 1782, by John Singleton Copley
The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar, September 1782, by John Singleton Copley
  • September - Battle of Baton Rouge is fought.
  • October 4 - The Fort Wilson Riot takes place.
  • November 2 - The North Carolina General Assembly carves a new county from Dobbs County, North Carolina and names it Wayne County in honour of United States General Anthony Wayne.
  • December 13 - Marriage of Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais to Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie is held.
  • December 25 - Fort Nashborough, later to become Nashville, Tennessee, is founded by James Robertson.

Undated

  • The Iron Bridge is completed across the River Severn in Shropshire; the first all cast-iron bridge ever constructed.
  • Boulton and Watt's Smethwick Engine, now the oldest working engine in the world, is brought into service.
  • Founding of the city of Tampere, Finland.

Births

1779 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1779
MDCCLXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2532
Armenian calendar 1228
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԸ
Bahá'í calendar -65 – -64
Berber calendar 2729
Buddhist calendar 2323
Burmese calendar 1141
Chinese calendar 4415/4475-11-14
( 戊戌年十一月十四日)
— to —
4416/4476-11-24
( 己亥年十一月廿四日)
Coptic calendar 1495 – 1496
Ethiopian calendar 17711772
Hebrew calendar 5539 – 5540
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1834 – 1835
 - Shaka Samvat 1701 – 1702
 - Kali Yuga 4880 – 4881
Holocene calendar 11779
Iranian calendar 1157 – 1158
Islamic calendar 1192 – 1193
Japanese calendar An'ei 8
(安永8年)
Korean calendar 4112
Thai solar calendar 2322
  • January 5 - Stephen Decatur, American naval officer (d. 1820)
  • January 18 - Peter Roget, British lexicographer (d. 1869)
  • March 6 - Antoine-Henri Jomini, French General (d. 1869)
  • March 15 - William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1848)
  • May 28 - Thomas Moore, Irish poet (d. 1852)
  • August 1 - Francis Scott Key, American lawyer and lyricist (d. 1843)
  • August 20 - Jöns Jakob Berzelius, Swedish chemist (d. 1848)
  • August 29 - Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, Painter
  • November 14 - Adam Gottlob Oehlenschläger, Danish poet (d. 1850)
  • date unknown - Giacomo Beltrami, Italian explorer (d. 1855)
August 1: Francis Scott Key
August 1: Francis Scott Key


Deaths

Portrait of Captain James Cook, by Nathaniel Dance
Portrait of Captain James Cook, by Nathaniel Dance
  • January 3 - Claude Bourgelat, French veterinary surgeon (b. 1712)
  • January 20 - David Garrick, English actor (b. 1717)
  • January 22 - Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (b. 1733)
  • February 7 - William Boyce, English composer (b. 1711)
  • February 14 - James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728)
  • February 24 - Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (b. 1704)
  • April 24 - Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (b. 1711)
  • May 3 - John Winthrop, American astronomer (b. 1714)
  • June 7 - William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
  • 23 June - Ras Mikael Sehul, Enderase of Ethiopia
  • September 12 - Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician (b. 1711)
  • October 11 - Kazimierz Pułaski, Veteran commander of Polish, Russian, and American troops (b. 1745)
  • November 16 - Pehr Kalm, Finnish explorer and naturalist (b. 1716)
  • December 6 - Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter (b. 1699)
  • December 8 - Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)
  • December 16 - Emperor Go-Momozono of Japan (b. 1758)
  • December 17 - Giuseppe Carcani, Italian composer (b. ? 1703)
  • December 23 - Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)



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