1775

2008/9 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: Years

Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1740s  1750s  1760s  - 1770s -   1780s   1790s   1800s
Years: 1772 1773 1774 - 1775 - 1776 1777 1778

Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1775

January - June

  • January 17 - James Cook takes possession of South Georgia for Britain.
  • February 9 - American Revolution: British Parliament declares Massachusetts a rebellion.
  • February 15 - Pope Pius VI succeeds Pope Clement XIV as the 250th pope.
  • March 23 - American Revolution: Patrick Henry, a delegate to the Second Virginia Convention after the Virginia house of Burgess had been disbanned by the Royal Governor, delivers his " give me liberty or give me death" speech at St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia.
  • April 11 - Last execution for witchcraft in Europe, of Anna Maria Schwiigel.
  • April 18 - American Revolution: Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Joseph Warren ride from Boston to Concord in an attempt to warn John Hancock and Sam Adams that the British Armies were coming to seize their weapons and ammunition.
  • April 19 - American Revolution: Hostility between Britain and its American colonies explode into bloodshed at the Battles of Lexington and Concord on the 19th, which ignites the American Revolution.
  • May 10 - American Revolution: The Continental Congress meets, elects John Hancock president, raises the Continental army under George Washington as commander and authorizes the colonies to adopt their own constitutions.
  • May 10 - American Revolution: Fort Ticonderoga is taken by a small force called the Green Mountain Boys of Vermont, led by Benedict Arnold and Ethan Allen.
  • May 17 - American Revolution: The Continental Congress bans trade with Canada.
  • June 12 - American Revolution: The British forces offered a pardon to all colonists who would lay down their arms.
  • June 14 - American Revolution: Delegates of the Continental Congress nominate George Washington as commander of the Continental Army -- defeating John Hancock.
  • June 17 - American Revolution: Two months into the colonial siege of Boston, British open fire on Breed's Hill on Charles Town peninsula. After three charges, the British take the hill in the misnamed Battle of Bunker Hill.

July - December

August 18: Tucson is founded.
August 18: Tucson is founded.
  • July 3 - American Revolution: George Washington takes command of the 17,000-man Continental Army at Cambridge.
  • July 5 - American Revolution: The Continental Congress sends the Olive Branch Petition, hoping for a reconciliation.
  • July 6 - American Revolution: The Continental Congress issues Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, which contains the words: "Our cause is just. Our union is perfect... being with one mind resolved to die freemen rather than to live slaves...".
  • July 26 - The Second Continental Congress appointed Benjamin Franklin to be the first Postmaster General of what would later become the United States Post Office Department.
  • August 21 - American Revolution: American rebels launch invasion of Canada Battle_of_Fort_St._Jean.
  • August 23 - American Revolution: Refusing to even look at the Olive Branch Petition, King George issues a Proclamation of Rebellion against the American colonies.
  • August 29 - September 12 - "Independence Hurricane" from South Carolina to Nova Scotia kills 4170, mostly fishermen and sailors.
  • September 25 - American Revolution: Battle of Montreal - Patriot revolutionary forces under Maj. Ethan Allen attack Montreal, commanded by British General Guy Carleton. Allen's forces are defeated, and Allen himself is captured and held on British ships until he is later released.
  • October - Sayre Plot to kidnap King George III.
  • October 13 - American Revolution: The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental army(later renamed the United States Navy).
  • November - American Revolution: Colonel Richard Richardson's South Carolina revolutionaries march through Ninety Six District in what becomes known as the " Snow Campaign", effectively ending all major support for the Loyalist cause in the backcountry of South Carolina.
  • November 10 - The United States Marine Corps is born in Philadelphia. It is common belief that the first Marines are recruited out of Tun Tavern. There is some speculation that this could have happened at a tavern near the site of Tun Tavern. American Revolution: The Continental Congress passes a resolution creating the Continental Marines (later renamed the United States Marine Corps) to serve as landing troops for the recently created Continental Navy (the Marines were disbanded at end of war in April of 1783 but were reformed on July 11, 1798).
  • November 13 - American Revolution: Battle of Montreal - Patriot revolutionary forces under Brig. Gen. Richard Montgomery capture Montreal. British General Guy Carleton escapes to Quebec.
  • December 5 - American Revolution: Henry Knox begins his journey to Cambridge, Massachusetts with the artillery that has been captured from Fort Ticonderoga.
  • December 31 - American Revolution: British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army generals Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold at Quebec.

Undated

Births

1775 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1775
MDCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2528
Armenian calendar 1224
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԴ
Bahá'í calendar -69 – -68
Berber calendar 2725
Buddhist calendar 2319
Burmese calendar 1137
Chinese calendar 4411/4471-11-30
( 甲午年十一月三十日)
— to —
4412/4472-11-10
( 乙未年十一月初十日)
Coptic calendar 1491 – 1492
Ethiopian calendar 17671768
Hebrew calendar 5535 – 5536
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1830 – 1831
 - Shaka Samvat 1697 – 1698
 - Kali Yuga 4876 – 4877
Holocene calendar 11775
Iranian calendar 1153 – 1154
Islamic calendar 1188 – 1189
Japanese calendar An'ei 4
(安永4年)
Korean calendar 4108
Thai solar calendar 2318
  • January 22 - André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
  • January 27 - Friedrich Schelling, German physicist (d. 1854)
  • February 10 Charles Lamb, English writer (d. 1834)
  • February 12 - Louisa Adams, First Lady, wife of President John Quincy Adams (d. 1852)
  • March 17 - Ninian Edwards, Governor of Illinois and Senator from Illinois (d. 1833)
  • April 30 - Guillaume Dode de la Brunerie, Marshal of France, (d. 1851)
  • May 10 - Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (d. 1809)
  • June 12 - Karl Freiherr von Müffling, Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
  • June 13 - Antoni Radziwiłł, Polish politician (d. 1833)
  • July 23 - Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal and private detective agency (d. 1857)
  • August 6 - Daniel O'Connell, Ireland's predominant political leader and national treasure (d. 1847)
  • September 1 - Honoré Charles Reille, Marshal of France (d. 1860)
  • December 14 - Philander Chase, American university founder (d. 1852)
  • December 14 - Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (d. 1860)
  • December 16
    • Jane Austen, English novelist (d. 1817)
    • François-Adrien Boïeldieu, French composer (d. 1834)

Deaths

  • January 8 - John Baskerville, English printer (b. 1706)
  • January 13 - Johann Georg Walch, German theologian (b. 1693)
  • February 5 - Eusebius Amort, German Catholic theologian (b. 1692)
  • February 6 - William Dowdeswell, English politician (b. 1721)
  • February 15 - Peter Dens, Belgian Catholic theologian (b. 1690)
  • April 27 - Col. Thomas Gardner. A political figure and heroic soldier (b. 1724)
  • June 17 - Major John Pitcairn, British marine (killed in battle) (b. 1722)
  • June 23 - Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (b. 1692)
  • July 11 - Simon Boerum, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
  • September 16 - Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, English privy councillor (b. 1684)
  • October 2 - Chiyo-ni, Japanese poet (b. 1703)
  • October 18 - Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
  • October 21 - Peyton Randolph, American president of the Continental Congress (b. 1721)
  • November 21 - John Hill, English writer
  • November 24 - Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (b. 1703)
  • December 7 - Charles Saunders, British admiral



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